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Tintagel is said to be the birthplace of King Arthur.
At base of Tintagel Island's cliff is Merlin's Cave suggested to be haunted by Merlin's ghost.
The ruins of the castle visible today
are from a later castle built in the 1230s by Prince Richard, Earl of Cornwall.
Excavations in the 1930s and 1980s uncovered 70 or more rectangular stone buildings
and a Chapel dedicated to St. Juliot
on the plateau and terraces of the peninsula. These buildings date to the medieval period. A few turf and stone structures date to the 5th and 6th century and are contemporary with large quantities of Mediterranean pottery. In fact, there is more Mediterranean pottery found at Tintagel then at all of other Dark Age sites in Britain.
In the 1990s archaeologists found evidence that the site was fortified in the mid 5th century.
A small slate plaque was also found with the following words inscribed in Latin: "Artognou father of Coll had this building made".
The name Artognou is translated as Arthur lending support for the historical reality of King Arthur.
In sum, the archaeological evidence suggests that Tintagel was an important trade center and fortress at the time of King Arthur.
Its ruler was rich and could trade long distances for valuable goods probably in exchange for tin.