Thesis Defences

Degree of Masters of Art, MA (HRM)

Jodie MacMillan

Monday, 25 November 2019 at 1:30 pm

SWH 9152 (Archaeology Seminar Room)

An Archaeological Investigation of Subalpine and Alpine Use in the Southeast Yukon

Abstract

An archaeological land use model for subalpine and alpine environments for southeast Yukon was developed using available ethnographic, archaeological and environmental data. The model describes a pattern of dispersed predominantly short-term hunting camps or lookouts located primarily in the subalpine with limited use of alpine zones. These results were compared to the findings of a heritage resource management project conducted in Don Creek Valley and Howard’s Pass, Yukon. This data generally conformed well to the model with some unexpected exceptions regarding the density and increased number of sites (n=47) recorded in the subalpine and alpine. Factors for the unexpected site density could possibly be due to the concentration of economically important resources or the use of Howard’s Pass as a travel route. Overall the results of this thesis underscore the importance of upland areas to the groups that inhabited this region of the Yukon.

Degree of Masters of Art, MA (HRM)

Vanessa McKillop

Tuesday, 26 November 2019 at 2:30pm

SWH 9084 (Archaeology Material Culture Lab)

Weji-sqalia’tiek, they ‘sprouted up from the earth’: Archaeology and Management of Shubenacadie River Valley Paleoshorelines, Nova Scotia

Abstract

The abrupt geomorphological changes of the late glacial period in Nova Scotia varied regionally, often drastically changing the subsistence patterns of the ancestors of the Mi’kmaq. This dramatic landscape change has created a unique problem for archaeologists and heritage managers in their efforts to predict Paleo-Indian Period site occurrence in advance of industry- and community-driven land alteration. Policy and practice in Nova Scotia has been slow to recognise this challenge and has lagged behind the policies implemented in neighbouring jurisdictions. This thesis argues that the current understanding of Paleo-Indian settlement patterns in Nova Scotia can be bridged by building upon existing geological research and freely available LiDAR data. A regionally focused glacial lake inundation model derived from digital elevation model data in Nova Scotia is an effective tool to offer insight into how the ancestors of the Mi’kmaq may have utilized the landscape of Central Nova Scotia over 12,000 years ago.

Agenda

Introduction/Opening Remarks: Michael Gregory (Host/IT Services) – 3 minutes

 

Update from the CIO: Mark Roman (CIO) – 20 minutes

 

Staffing Changes and Milestones: Mark Roman (CIO) – 5 minutes

 

IT Job Evaluation: Calvin Mah (Library) and Michael Gregory (IT Services) – 15 minutes

An update on the IT job evaluation project for APSA staff including where to find information and how to locate contacts.

 

University Wi-Fi Replacement project: Craig Simons (IT Services) – 15 minutes

An overview of the University Wi-Fi replacement project.

 

EDUCAUSE Annual Conference 2019: Various conference attendees – 10 minutes

Brief overview of learnings from the EDUCAUSE Annual Conference.

 

SFU PCI Compliance Program: Steve MacGregor (IT Services) – 10 minutes

What is PCI Compliance, why is it important, the current state of PCI Compliance at SFU and where our short term and long-term objectives are.

 

Information Security Update: Kimberly McCollum (IT Services) – 10 minutes

Review of current threats and incidents.

 

Multi-Factor Authentication (MFA) Updates: Melissa Luck (Digital Transformation Office), Sabrina da Silva, and Mike Stanger (IT Services) – 15 minutes

Updates on what’s happened so far, current status, and next steps for multi-factor authentication.

Closing Remarks: Michael Gregory (Host/IT Services) – 2 minutes

 

Recording

The recording will be available one week after the meeting on SharePoint at: https://sharepoint.sfu.ca/sites/its/cio/sharetech

Degree of Doctor of Philosophy, (PhD)

Erin Hogg

Monday, 9 September 2019, at 2 pm

Bennett Library 2020

Archaeological Data as Evidence in Aboriginal Rights and Title Litigation in Canada

Abstract

Aboriginal rights and title acknowledge and affirm Indigenous peoples as the original occupants of Canada. Notwithstanding this acknowledgment, the legal tests to prove rights and title require evidence of pre-contact or pre-sovereignty land occupation and use. Archaeology’s ability to challenge, substantiate, and add temporal dimensions to oral and documentary histories makes it an essential tool in rights and title resolution. Archaeologists, as ethics-bound stewards of the material past, need to understand how their data have been used in these claims. This dissertation examines the use and consideration of archaeological data as evidence in Aboriginal rights and title litigation in Canada. Using qualitative methods, I assess court decisions, expert witness reports, academic literature, and interviews with archaeologists and lawyers to understand how archaeological evidence has influenced the legal tests for Aboriginal rights and title. In particular, I consider the types of archaeological data considered for these tests and the standards data must meet to be accepted in court. I frame these research questions in three different studies, each considering a different perspective: a broad overview of past litigation; an in-depth case study of the Tsilhqot’in (2014) decision; and an analysis of the experiences of expert witnesses and lawyers. My studies show that archaeological data can indicate pre-contact occupation and use of specific places within a territory. Evidence of occupation sites and lithic and faunal analyses fit within accepted definitions of occupation and meet the criteria for the tests for both Aboriginal rights and Aboriginal title. Archaeological data have been important evidence in multiple court decisions, including Baker Lake (1979), Adams (1996), and Tsilhqot’in (2014). Its ability to be tangible evidence of occupation and use has been shown to outweigh its limitations, including the inherent limits of the material record and the inability to indicate ethnicity. My investigation indicates that archaeological data have been and will continue to be used as evidence in Aboriginal rights and title litigation, particularly to bolster oral histories and historical records.