Laure Spake

Emaillspake@sfu.ca

B.A.: McGill University 2013

M.A.: Simon Fraser University 2016

Supervisor: Dr. Hugo Cardoso

Research Areas: Growth and Development, Juvenile Osteology, Age Estimation, Forensic Anthropology, Bioachaeology

Research Interest:

My broad interest is in the study of childhood. I am ultimately interested in exploring the various ways in which children lived and interacted with their environment in the past. Currently, I am working on questions related to growth, development, and age estimation from juvenile skeletal and dental remains. 

Ph.D. Research:

Using CT scans of deceased children to investigate the impact of mortality bias on interpretations of past population health

In my Ph.D. project, I explore differences in the growth of juvenile non-survivors as compared to juvenile survivors in a modern population. This analysis will allow bioanthropologists to decide whether skeletal samples are likely to be affected by mortality bias or not, and thus whether interpretations of past population health can be reliably made. 

M.A. Thesis:  

Selecting an appropriate reference sample for juvenile age estimation methods in a forensic context.

In this project, I explored patterns in the growth of juvenile homicide victims to understand whether they differ from those of other children. This allows us to evaluate whether age estimation methods can be developed using information gleaned from the general population, or whether specific groups of children must be sought out. 

Publications:

     Journal papers and book chapters:

2019. Spake L, Cardoso HFV. Indirect evidence for biological mortality bias from two temporospatially distant samples of children. Anthropologischer Anzeiger 76. DOI: 10.1127/anthranz/2019/0957.

2019. Cardoso HFV, Spake L, Wasterlain S, Ferreira MT. The impact of social experiences of physical and structural violence on the growth of African enslaved children recovered from Lagos, Portugal. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 168:209-221.

2019. Meloche CH, Spake L. Ancestral human remains in legacy collections; research opportunities and ethical responsibility. In: Pennanen K, Goosney S (Eds). Chacmool at 50: The Past, Present and Future of Archaeology. Proceedings of the 50th Annual Chacmool Archaeology Conference. 173-183.

2018. (L Spake, HFV Cardoso). Are we using the appropriate reference samples to develop juvenile age estimation methods based on bone size? An exploration of growth differences between average children and those who become victims of homicide. Forensic Science International.

2017. (HFV Cardoso, L Spake, LT Humphrey). Age estimation of immature human skeletal remains from the dimensions of the girdle bones in the postnatal period. American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

2016. (HFV Cardoso, L Spake, and HM Liversidge). A reappraisal of developing permanent tooth length as an estimate of age in human immature skeletal remains. Journal of Forensic Science.

    Conference Presentations:  

2019. (Figura K, Nichols K, Spake L, Cardoso HFV). The Brandon Residential School: An esploration of Indigenous children’s movement across the Prairie Provinces [Poster]. Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association of Physical Anthropology. Banff, Alberta.

2019. (Spake L, Hoppa RD, Cardoso HFV). Lack of biological mortality bias in the timing of dental development in a sample of contemporary children [Podium]. Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association of Physical Anthropology. Banff, Alberta.

2018. (Spake L, Meyers J, Cardoso HFV). Reliability of dental development scoring methods across 2D and 3D CT visualization techniques [Podium]. Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association of Physical Anthropology. London, Ontario.

2018. (Spake L, Cardoso HFV). Evaluating the use of the Maresh long bone data for age estimation of juvenile skeletal remains in forensic contexts [Poster]. Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropology. Austin, Texas.

2017. (Meloche C, L Spake). Ancestral human remains in legacy collections: research opportunities and ethical responsibility [Podium]. Chacmool 50th Anniversary. Calgary, Alberta.

2017. (Meyers J, Spake L, Cardoso HFV). Sex differences in secular change in height and weight among affluent Portuguese school children from 1913 to 2012 [Poster]. Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association of Physical Anthropology. Edmonton, Alberta.

2017. (L Spake, MT Ferreira, SW Wasterlain, HFV Cardoso). A comparative growth analysis of African child slaves in 15th to 17th century Portugal [Invited poster]. Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropology. New Orleans, Louisiana.

2016. (L Spake, E Gooderham, S Fisk, L Marinho, HFV Cardoso). Growth status of survivors and nonsurvivors of skeletal tuberculosis: the relevance of records of child admissions to the Sant’Ana Sanitarium, Portugal (1904-1953) for health studies of archaeological populations [Podium]. Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association of Physical Anthropology. Peterborough, Ontario.

2016. (L Spake and HFV Cardoso). Are we using the appropriate reference samples to develop juvenile age estimation methods for a forensic context in developed nations? [Poster]. Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropology. Atlanta, Georgia.

2015. (L Spake and HFV Cardoso). Is mortality bias a significant factor when studying past child health and growth? [Podium]. Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association of Physical Anthropology. Winnipeg, Alberta.

2014. (HFV Cardoso, L Spake, HM Liversidge). A reappraisal of developing permanent tooth length as an estimate of age in human immature skeletal remains. [Poster]. Symposium on Age Estimation of the Society for the Study of Human Biology. Oxford, United Kingdom.

Cleaning specimens in Santarém, Portugal

 

 

On site in Romania