M.A. Theses: Bruce Frederick Ball, 1980

Regional Sampling in a Forested Situation: Archaeology and the Northeast Coal Study

Archaeological survey results from northeastern British Columbia are presented. Data collection was based on a regional sampling scheme undertaken for the Northeast Coal environmental study. Problems of heritage resource evaluation in such vast forested regions as the Northeast Coal study area are viewed as being best served through implementation of formal sampling techniques.

Ecological anthropology and sampling theory provide the theoretical and methodological bases for the study and are reviewed to emphasize some of the problems and considerations in the design of the research. As well, the concept of cultural resource management is briefly discussed to impart some insight into the difficulties normally associated with cultural resource management studies.

Results are presented from: 1) A pilot survey undertaken as a test of the sampling scheme as well as to provide information on the characteristics of the region; and, 2) Survey sampling in a control corridor area of the study region. These latter results are used to make predictions about heritage resource potential in 29 other portions of the study area. Similarity among 32 corridor areas is determined through comparison of 20 environmental attributes scored for each of the respective areas.

Results of the survey and comparison suggest that 19 of the 29 corridor regions have some potential for containing heritage resources. Heritage resource potential of these 19 regions is shown by the degree of similarity displayed between them and the three strata of the survey sampling control area.