M.A. Theses: Sandra Gaye Burton, 1987

Wooden Features on the Coast of British Columbia: An Impact Management Approach

The thesis presents both an outline for the management of archaeological sites with wooden features on the coast of British Columbia and the results of the application of the first stage of such a program to sites in the Bella Bella region. Wooden features consist mainly of the remains of aboriginal style architecture mortuary houses and poles, and structures related resource utilization such as fish traps. Past and current efforts to conserve wooden features are reviewed. The conclusions reached are that no systematic attempt to prevent the loss of these artifacts has been attempted, that sub-regional impact management programs will have to be implemented and that proper recording of the sites will be necessary in order to make management decisions and to serve as an operation approach for conservation of the resource.

The recommended impact management program consists of a multi-stage effort involving overview assessment, detailed inventory and mitigative proceedings. Special attention is given to the nature of research design in such a program and the identification of research problems involving architectural and mortuary features. The application of an overview assessment of wooden features in the Bella Bella region includes a summary of the biogeography, archaeology and ethnography of this area. A summary of available data on mortuary features and architectural sites, the two types that occur there, is presented.

Appendices at the conclusion of the thesis outline recording procedures for mortuary and architectural sites, and present the results of a field reconnaissance at selected sites in the study region.