M.A. Theses: William George Quackenbush, 1990

Tastes of Canadians and Dogs: the History and Archaeology of McLeods Lake Post, British Columbia, GfRs-2.

This thesis is an Historical and Archaeological analysis of the longest continually occupied European settlement in British Columbia (1805-1953), McLeod's Lake Post, GfRs-2. As such, it is important to the understanding of Northern British Columbia and Sekani history in general and adds to our knowledge of one of the premier industries of Canada, the fur trade.

The analysis proceeds by examination of the general physical and social environment at McLeod's Lake and then by degrees illustrates the post's history within a changing context. This includes reference to economic and social conditions within the fur trade companies and in the associated Sekani society. Building construction and activities at the site are also reviewed within the historical context. The archaeology identifies possible correlates of historical activities with excavated evidence, as well as information not recorded by documentation, such as disposal methods and material culture in use at the site.

The model used to interpret the History and Archaeology is one where the 'Club Law' of the fur trade companies gives way to Crown law of Canada ca. 1870. The shift between these two modes of behaviour is gradual rather than distinct to a specific date and flows not just from institutional positions but also from a change in the economics from monopolistic control of the fur trade to freer trade. It is accompanied by an increase in construction at the site which is reflected in the archaeology by an increase in construction related material. Together, the History and Archaeology bond to form and intimate detail of life in a Northern British Columbia settlement during a 148 year period.