M.A. Theses: Georg Henning von Krogh, 1976

Archaeological Investigations At the Flood and Pipeline Sites, Near Hope, British Columbia

This thesis is an archaeological study of two prehistoric housepit sites which lie in the ethnographic territory of the Upper Stalo Tait group, near Hope, British Columbia. The excavations, conducted under my direction in 1974, although salvage oriented, provide new data on both housepit form and the prehistory of the Hope-Yale locality.

The investigations undertaken have a number of specific and related objectives. A major concern is the description of the structural form of the housepits investigated. A detailed ethnographic account is given to aid in the understanding and interpretation of these features. To facilitate comparative work with the materials recovered, a major portion of this thesis is devoted to the analysis and description of both cultural features and artifacts. Linked to this is the identification and definition of discrete occupation components as they exist within the assemblages from the two sites. Intra- and inter-site relationships of the sites in the Hope-Yale locality are examined, with specific attention being given to the outlined Fraser Canyon sequence. Wider comparisons are made, dealing with the Hope-Yale locality and its coastal and interior neighbours.

Although the data base is sparse, the Hope-Yale locality appears to be clearly transitional to both the coast and interior regions. The cultural sequence as outlined for the southern Fraser Canyon locality appears to be supported by these findings, with components being tentatively assigned to the Skamel and Emery Phases. The sequence must, however, be more clearly and concisely defined before this can be confirmed.