M.A. Theses: Robert Laird Wilson, 1976

Archaeological Investigations Near Kamloops, British Columbia.

This thesis concerns the results of archaeological excavation in the Kamloops locality in the Interior Plateau of British Columbia. The investigations were salvage-oriented and concentrated upon the excavation of four pithouse village sites on the north shore of the South Thompson River. The primary results of the research are the construction of a local prehistoric cultural sequence and the determination of its relationship to the overall evolution of culture in the Plateau. Salvage methodology and problems concerning housepit excavation and interpretation re outlined. The four sites with their cultural components, including artifacts, features, and occupation zones, are described and analyzed.

The components found at the four excavated sites are assigned to two phases and one chronological period of the Late Nesikep Tradition. These are the Thompson Phase, ca. 2000-1400 B.P.; the Kamloops Phase, 1400-200 B.P.; and the protohistoric period, 200-125 B.P. Comparisons are made to other cultural sequences throughout the south-central plateau, with special emphasis upon those of the Lochnore-Nesikep and Gibbs Creek localities. Paleo-environmental data on the initiation of intensive salmon fishing techniques and seasonal riverine exploitation, and ethno-linguistic data on the differentiation of the Shuswap language from the Thompson language are both used to support the origins and development of the archaeological chronology.