SFU PEOPLE IN THE NEWS - July 30, 2010

July 30, 2010

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A look at how Simon Fraser University and its people made news: July 23-30, 2010

BC’s carbon tax seems to be a fledgling success. But BC’s failure to require carbon-capture from natural gas extracted from BC’s shale fields is a fledgling flop.
Those opinions from SFU experts were prominent in the news during the week. Along with SFU statisticians who agreed that Ottawa’s plan to scrap the compulsory “long form” census questionnaire gets a mark of F.
Among other items in the media: SFU scientists campaigning for an observatory on Burnaby Mountain; approval of further growth of UniverCity; and an SFU student who claimed a world record for juggling while hanging upside-down.


  • Energy economist Mark Jaccard was on the All Points West show on CBC Radio Victoria, talking about a report prepared by him and researcher Brad Griffin from SFU Resource and Environmental Management. It sounds a warning about development of natural gas from shale formations in northeastern BC.
    “It’s enough to provide all of British Columbia’s natural gas needs for a long time to come, and very large exports to the United States for a very long time to come, over the next 20, 30, 40, 50 years.” But shale gas carries with it high CO2 content—as much as 10-13 percent.
    “If we were to allow industry to vent off this (CO2) gas, it would make it extremely difficult to meet our 2020 targets (for reduction of greenhouse gas emissions).”
    So, Jaccard said, the CO2 should be captured and pumped back into storage in the ground. “There’s already technology out there on a commercial scale that we could be requiring of industry, and that’s what we’re suggesting in this report.”
    Earlier this year, the BC government approved the EnCana shale-gas plant in northeastern B.C. without requiring it to install carbon capture and storage.
    So Jaccard and Griffin wrote in a guest column this week in The Vancouver Sun: “The provincial government should either honestly tell British Columbians that, like all past Canadian governments, it is not being honest about its climate targets, or it should ban the development of shale gas unless the industry's processing facilities capture all their GHG emissions.”
    Their report was prepared for the Pacific Institute for Climate Solutions (PICS), a partnership of SFU, UBC, UVic and UNBC that is based at UVic. The Province did a story. So did the Georgia Straight.
    The Jaccard-Griffin brief is available as PDF at

  • Earlier, two SFU people co-authored a guest column in the Ottawa Citizen saying that BC’s carbon tax on fuels seems to be off to a good start.
    “The early results of B.C.'s carbon tax experiment are in, and they look positive. At a time when political leadership on climate change is sorely lacking, B.C. has stuck its neck out and done what most experts say is the right thing. Let's hope other governments—in Ottawa, Washington and around the world—are watching.”
    The SFU authors: Nancy Olewiler, director of SFU Public Policy, and economist Nic Rivers, a Trudeau scholar in SFU Resource and Environmental Management. (The third co-author: Stewart Elgie, prof of environmental law and economics at University of Ottawa.)
    The column also ran in the Edmonton Journal, Victoria Times Colonist, and The Vancouver Sun. Columnist Don Cayo in the Sun then cited the three academics and added: “The numbers needed to judge the tax’s impact, if any, on carbon emissions aren't in yet. But, on economics alone, the shift appears to be doing more good than harm.”


  • SFU Statistics profs Carl Schwarz and Charmaine Dean were interviewed by CJBK Radio in London ON, and Schwarz was in Burnaby Now and the Georgia Straight, re: the federal government’s decision to scrap the compulsory “long form” census questionnaire.
    The Straight picked up a release from SFU in which Schwarz said:  “Making decisions with poor data is worse than making decisions with no data.
    “If you have no data and have to make a decision, then at least you need to be up front about your lack of knowledge and the basis for your decision. On the other hand, if you have poor data, you can seriously mislead people about the information you actually have and make decisions that have the aura of confidence  . . . not warranted by the faulty information.”
    SFU economist Krishna Pendakur was also in the Straight, saying in the same SFU release: “The proposed changes to the census will substantially weaken Canada’s data resources of all types. Further, the weakening of the long form [itself] will make the census a much weaker primary data source when it comes to the study of small populations in Canada, such as immigrants, ethnic and linguistic minorities, and residents of smaller cities.”
    Earlier, Richard Lockhart, chair of SFU Statistics and Actuarial Science, weighed in on the same subject in The Vancouver Sun: “It's going to cause a significant deterioration in all the other survey results they (Statistics Canada) put together. It's awful."
    And Donald Gutstein, adjunct prof in SFU Communication, wrote on “To understand the brouhaha surrounding the long census, look not to Stephen Harper, but to the libertarian Fraser Institute and its long-term agenda to get government out of every activity except to protect the market, including the market for statistics. . . .  Harper is simply testing the waters to determine how far the project to remake Canada into a more conservative society has proceeded.”


  • It began with an SFU news release, then the word spread through the news media about SFU-led research concluding that as crack cocaine use rises in Canada, so does the urgent need for targeted prevention and treatment programs—especially in smaller communities.
    “In a paper to be published in Drugs: Education, Prevention and Policy, health sciences researcher Benedikt Fischer's team documents a recent investigation of the social, health and drug-use characteristics of 148 primary crack cocaine users in the mid-sized British Columbia communities of Nanaimo, Campbell River and Prince George.”
    CFAX Radio in Victoria was the first to interview Fischer. Then The Province and the news website picked up the SFU news release.
    The Province told readers: “Citing the ‘high prevalence of crack use’ across Canada, the study calls for improved resources and training for health workers, improved accessibility to infectious-disease testing in the study locations, "crack kit" distribution programs that include information on prevention and health care, safer inhalation facilities for crack users and more research into and expansion of treatment options.
    Then Postmedia News (formerly Canwest News Service) sent the Province story across Canada. We saw it in the Montreal Gazette, Ottawa Citizen, and in BC’s Cranbrook Daily Townsman and Kimberley Daily Bulletin. The network also carried a story.
    Pursuing the Nanaimo angle, the Nanaimo Daily News spoke with Fischer. “Fischer told the Daily News that although the Vancouver Island Health Authority's plan to provide sterile needles and other drug paraphernalia at some front-line health centres is a good start, more harm reduction strategies should be established.”
    (That was followed by an editorial in the Daily News: “Getting serious about such a facility is likely not going to fly in this city. This is not Vancouver . . . where the Downtown Eastside is defined by the drug culture and such a facility is a natural fit.” And by a letter to the editor: “I think Mr. Fischer's recommendations would be much more credible if he were to open a room in his home, or at the very least allow me to place a trailer on his front lawn for a trial crack center.”)
    CBC Radio in Prince George also interviewed Fischer. And so did the Campbell River Mirror.

  •  Speaking of profs from SFU Health Sciences: Scientific American and Virginia-based quoted SFU’s Bruce Lanphear in a report on two studies finding that that five-year-olds exposed in the womb to above-average levels of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) score lower on IQ tests. The compounds, created by the burning of fossil fuels, are ubiquitous in urban environments.
    “(The research) adds to a growing literature implicating exposures to environmental toxicants with stunting of children's intellectual abilities and increased risk for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and conduct disorders, said Bruce Lanphear, professor of children’s environmental health at British Columbia’s Simon Fraser University. He was not involved in the research. . . . 
    “Lanphear said PAHs, lead, mercury, tobacco smoke are systemic poisons that can damage multiple organ systems. ‘It is well known that airborne pollutants—a soup of various types of toxicants—are associated with low birth weight, diminished lung function, lung cancer and asthma. So while these studies [of children’s IQ] are novel, the results shouldn't surprise us,’ he said.”

  • Peter Chow-White, assistant prof in SFU Communication, was in a national GlobalTV feature on how you can “rent friends” online. It’s all platonic, but costs money and, as Chow-White noted, there’s a catch: “It's also another way to collect information for marketers, for law enforcement, for governments as well.”

  • From friends to hugs: Adrienne Burk, senior lecturer in sociology and anthropology, was in an Edmonton Journal story on the “free hug movement” that will be giving free hugs at a multicultural celebration there this weekend.
    “My sense is that there is an awful lot of shifting going on in terms of sociological points of contact. People's worlds are much more mediated by media, and people's time and ability to engage in any kind of substantive exchanges seems to be deeply compromised compared to even 10 years ago. So maybe a quick hug on your way to buying something is considered some sort of meaningful exchange."

  • National Public Radio carried a feature on anthropologist Erin Marie Williams of George Washington University, who is trying—with some help from SFU archaeologist Dennis Sandgathe—to find out if tool-making helped evolve the human hand and wrist. To this end, she studies flint-knapping—the art of making stone tools the way our ancestors did.
    “Her flint-knapper today is Dennis Sandgathe, an archaeologist from Simon Fraser University in Canada. He sits on a chair in a windowless laboratory and cradles a large rock, or core, of jet-black flint in his left hand. In his right hand he grasps a round, smooth hammerstone as if it were a baseball. He swings the hammerstone and whacks the core. A flake leaps off and falls to the ground. Each flake is razor sharp. These were the first knives.
    "‘The angle at which I strike this will have a major effect on the result,’ he says. ‘There is certainly math behind it, but typically when you are knapping like this, it's more experience and intuition.’ Usually, he adds with a laugh and a nod at his bloody fingers, ‘it involves a little bit of blood.’ Williams translates Sandgathe's intuition into science by filming hundreds of hours of knapping and analyzing the knapper's movements on a computer.”

  • Prince Charles joined students from SFU and other schools at the summer school in Wales of his Foundation for the Built Environment. The Daily Telegraph told readers how he tried his hand at thatching a roof. The paper (although without naming SFU) quoted student Danielle Wensauer, who is doing a masters in SFU Urban Studies:
    "He was really interested in what we were doing and learning and it has been interesting for me to learn about Prince Charles and his passions while I have been here because the royals seem really removed from us in Canada. Today has definitely completed the experience for me."
    (Charles visited SFU Urban Studies and director Anthony Perl in November 2009, establishing a partnership between SFU and his foundation to develop a new curriculum for advanced education on sustainable urbanism.)

  • Economist Krishna Pendakur was in a Mindy Jacobs column in the Edmonton Sun. The subject: the federal Employment Equity Act. “The act merely encourages employers to consider hiring women, aboriginals, people with disabilities and members of visible minorities, explains Pendakur, who studies discrimination and economic inequality. In other words, if two equally qualified people apply for a job and one is a member of one of those four target groups, that could be the tiebreaker, he says. But, again, there is no requirement to hire, say, a native over a white person. ‘It's really weak,’ Pendakur says of the legislation.”

  • Business prof Andrey Pavlov was on CKWX News1130, saying the new HST is not having a negative effect on economic recovery for BC. His message: “You can’t be concerned about jobs and be against the HST at the same time.  The only way to create sustainable jobs is to make our businesses more competitive, and the HST is an important step in this direction.”


  • CBC Radio, The Province and the Georgia Straight, were quick to move on an SFU news release on how SFU scientists Howard Trottier and Sophie Lavieri are campaigning to raise funds for an observatory and science outreach centre on Burnaby Mountain.
    The news release said: “With $2 million in the observatory’s coffers from a private donor, SFU needs only $2 million more to construct a facility that will rival Vancouver’s H.R. MacMillan Planetarium in terms of scientific community outreach. And it will surpass such programming at other university observatories nationally, which are focused on undergraduate teaching rather than community outreach. SFU will give equal weight to both."
    The release included a short video.
    Trottier then did an interview on the On the Coast show on CBC Radio, speaking of bringing thousands of children to the centre so they can explore not just astronomy but many branches of science—and offering digital feeds from the observatory to support distance education.
    The UK-based science website of ran the SFU release, complete with the embedded video. Radio Canada in Vancouver pursued Trottier for a French-language interview. And the news had wide circulation via social media.

  • Paleontologist Bruce Archibald followed up his rash of media coverage last week with a long interview on the Christy Clark show on CKNW.  This on his findings on why the tropics have such a diversity of bird, plant and insect life. Not just a warmer climate, but lower seasonal variation in temperature—where the average temperature of the hottest and coolest month may vary by only a few degrees.
    It is, he said, “the largest outstanding question in ecology—why are there so many species in the tropics.” The research he led focused on BC’s McAbee fossil site near Cache Creek. “The whole world had less seasonality, all the way to the Arctic. The winters then (53 million years ago) were so mild they allowed palm trees to grow along with spruce trees.” Indeed, he added, if there had been a Vancouver then “you wouldn’t need a sweater in winter or air conditioning in summer.”
    And the outcome? ”At least as high a diversity (of species) as the hot tropics. It’s not the heat and the light; it’s the seasonality.”
    Archibald called again for government protection of the McAbee site. “Right now there are two mineral claims, one by fossil dealers and one by a drilling and blasting company that is turning the shale into kitty litter.  . . . A tremendous amount of destruction has occurred. It will all be lost if it’s turned into kitty litter and (the fossils are) put on eBay.”
    Meanwhile this week, and also ran a story on his research, which is featured in the journal Paleobiology, at

  • Political science prof Patrick Smith was in the Tri-City News, defending a pay raise for mayor and councillors in Port Coquitlam (who hadn’t had one for 15 years.) "You get the job you pay for. We ask a lot of our councillors and I think it is reasonable to expect that they have sufficient remuneration and support. . . . Local communities suffer from the fact that we stretch out politicians by basically asking them to keep up their old jobs while taking on this new job."

  • The Early Edition show on CBC Radio interviewed student Chantelle Chand, who with fellow-student Nidhi Nayyar is leading a campaign urging more Indo-Canadian women to get pap tests. Only about 30% of South Asian females do so, compared with 86% among Euro-Canadian women.
    "I think it's a cultural thing,” Chand said on CBC. “I think it's due to their conservative nature. . . . It might also be just a fear, lack of education in this important exam. We have spoken to some women, and a lot of it is being afraid of the test, afraid of the tools, afraid of male gynecologists. But what a lot of women don't know is . . . there are women's clinics available in Surrey and Vancouver."
    Chand added: "Cervical cancer is actually one of the leading killers of women, especially in the South Asian community. It's a very preventable, treatable disease."
    Earlier, Chand and Nayyar did interviews with two Punjabi-language media outlets. They have been steadily in the news since SFU sent out a news release about them on June 28.

  • Gordon Price, director of the SFU City Program, was in the Nanaimo Daily News in a story on how developers there are waiting for more economic recovery before starting downtown projects. “I can't say it's a good thing but I don't think it's a reflection of the value of your downtown. I think you have done a great job with the new conference centre there and I think businesses will see the wisdom of investing in your downtown core, especially along the waterfront."

  • Donald Gutstein, adjunct prof in SFU Communication, was in a Vancouver Sun story about an Afghan woman whose nose and ears were cut off by the Taliban after she tried to flee abusive family members. Her picture is the Aug. 9 cover of Time.
    “(Gutstein), whose research includes media analysis, said the image is unquestionably powerful, but its message misleading. ‘It says that if Canada and the U.S. leave Afghanistan, this [mutilation] will be happening all over the place. However, it happened while the U.S. and Canada were there, so what does that really tell us?’’

  • Surrey Now featured SFU film production student Quinn Spicker, who claimed a Guinness world record by hanging upside down from a trapeze for 12 minutes, 50 seconds, while juggling upside down (and smashing the previous mark of five minutes, 45 seconds.)
    “The spectacle was witnessed July 22 at the PNE Garden auditorium, where Spicker has trained with the CircusWest circus crew for the past few years.”

  • A news blogsite,, looked at the public debate over whether whales and dolphins should be kept at the Vancouver Aquarium. “Steve DiPaola, an associate professor of interactive arts and technology professor at Simon Fraser University, thinks that technology may provide a solution to the dilemma.
    “He suggests displaying virtual belugas and dolphins instead of real ones. Although DiPaola concedes the technology isn't advanced enough yet to replace the cetaceans with computer-generated ones, he believes it's only a matter of time before virtual animals can replace real ones in zoos and aquaria around the world. . . .
    “For the past few years DiPaola has been working with the Vancouver Aquarium on a project to create a virtual beluga whale exhibit  . . . to show visitors how the whales behave in the wild, something not possible with the captive belugas.”


  • The Vancouver Sun, GlobalTV and Burnaby Now reported that Burnaby council has approved the rezoning of 12 parcels of land in the UniverCity development beside the Burnaby campus.
    Wrote the Sun: “Burnaby city council on Monday approved a zoning bylaw for a massive expansion of the high-density urban community that will see up to 1,250 new units of housing built, including one 20-storey tower perched near the mountain’s peak with commanding views of Metro Vancouver. . . . The Phase 3 expansion envisions UniverCity's population climbing to 10,000 from 3,000 now.”
    It quoted Gordon Harris, president and CEO of the SFU Community Trust, which oversees the UniverCity project: “We expect absorption of these lots to take eight to 10 years. The first development parcels will start within weeks.”
    And Harris noted in Burnaby Now: “It is also the first bylaw in North America to include defined requirements for sustainability and energy use.”

  • Malcolm Parry’s business column in The Vancouver Sun also looked at the story:
    "‘This is the most comprehensive green-building bylaw in Canada, probably North America," said Harris, a two-decade independent planning consultant who succeeded Michael Geller at UniverCity in 2007. ‘Everything will have to be at least 30-percent more energy efficient than code buildings. We will tell developers: ‘You figure out a way to do it.’ The latter should benefit from a July agreement with Terasen-spinoff Corix to establish a regulated utility at UniverCity. It will generate piped hot water from wood waste, which Harris said ‘will be a reliable source of fuel at least for the next two decades.’”

  • Parry also noted the groundbreaking for the UnIverCity childcare centre—“a ‘living’ building creating more energy than it consumes.”
    He continued: “Designed by Vancouver-based Hughes Condon Marler Architects, the 50-space child-care centre will adjoin University Highlands elementary. The latter school is being renovated and extended to house 275 students and meet LEED (Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Gold standards that the childcare centre will far exceed. ‘It will be the most energy-efficient building in Canada,’ said Harris, and may come in at $500 per square foot—$100 less than typical code buildings.”
    Earlier, Burnaby Now ran a story saying the new childcare centre “could be the first in Canada to meet the ‘Living Building Challenge’ and achieve a new standard of environmental stewardship by being energy-independent, water-independent, free of any toxic materials and completely local in its composition.”  The Burnaby NewsLeader carried a story earlier in the week.
    There was a flurry of chatter on social media about both UniverCity stories.


  • Pipe sergeant Jack Lee and lead drummer Reid Maxwell of the SFU Pipe Band recorded interviews with the North by Northwest show on CBC Radio. The interviews will be broadcast Aug. 7, in advance of: An SFU-produced documentary on the band, Battle of the Bagpipes: A Journey to the World Pipe Band, airing on CBC-TV in BC on Aug. 7 at 7pm.

  • The world pipe band championships in Glasgow Aug. 14. The pipe band will be seeking there its seventh world title and third in a row.
    Meanwhile, SFU sent to media a news release on the band, accompanied by a video. The Hear Candy blog from The Province did a story.
    The SFU release noted, among other things, that band members will pick up in Scotland new kilts, in a new tartan that will be known as the SFU Pipe Band tartan. The band will wear the kilts for the first time at a Belfast concert on Aug. 6.
    The Belfast Telegraph and the Northern Ireland news website plugged that Aug. 6 concert in Belfast by the band and the Northern Ireland’s Field Marshal Montgomery Pipe Band. Both are six-time world champions, and compete again on Glasgow Green Aug. 14.


  • Rob Gordon, director of SFU Criminology, was on CBC News and in National Post in stories about complaints by senior Mounties that RCMP Commissioner William Elliott is abusive and insulting. Gordon told CBC: “The fact that they have broken ranks within what is effectively a paramilitary organization shows that, I think, there are some deep fissures."
    And he added in National Post:Part of the problem was that the Commissioner was brought in with a change mandate, but I'm not sure he really knows how to introduce, manage and sustain that change. He's up against a monolith and I don't think one individual would be in a position to do very much."

  • Criminologist David MacAlister was on CKNW and on CBC News talking about the use of an undercover police officer to get key information from Carol Berner, who was then convicted in the 2008 drunk-driving death of four-year-old Alexa Middelaer in Delta.
    “It is fairly ground-breaking. It's the first time I've heard of it being used outside the organized crime world, and I think it's certainly another tactic that police can and will be using. Police worry about the courts cutting back their powers or limiting their ability to conduct investigations, so I think they're going to be celebrating when they use a new tactic that works."

  • And Sara Smyth, assistant prof in SFU Criminology, wrote a guest piece in The Vancouver Sun on online security breaches, including the recent "data crossover" at the BC Lottery Corp. gaming website that that made names, contact information and, in some cases, credit card and banking information, visible to other gamblers.
    “There is no unified mandatory reporting system at the federal and provincial levels for private or public sector data breaches. As a result . . . individuals are not always told about compromises in the confidentiality or integrity of data containing their sensitive personal information, which can cause substantial harm, embarrassment and expense in the long term. . . . Parliament needs to implement a broader regulatory initiative with the right carrots and sticks in mind.”


  • SFU Athletics, spread the word that two Clan wrestlers won gold at the junior world championships in Hungary. Victoria Anthony became a two-time junior world champion, after winning the gold medal at 48kg. And Danielle Lappage claimed her first junior world title at 63kg.
    The wins capped an outstanding season for both wrestlers, as they won CIS and WCWA individual titles, and were part of SFU’s 2010 women’s team as CIS National Champions.  
    Competing for the United States in Hungary, new SFU recruit Helen Maroulis won a bronze medal at 55kgs, while teammate Sidney Morrison finished 13th at 59kg.

  • The Fresno (CA) Bee reported thatlinebacker Chris Nelson of Fresno City College has signed to play football for the SFU Clan. “Nelson tore his ACL and missed his senior season at Bullard in 2007, but played two seasons at Fresno City. He plans to major in kinesiology.”
    Earlier, the Brampton (ON) Guardian caught up to something that SFU Athletics announced in April: Local basketball star Peter Boateng will be joining the SFU men’s basketball program. Said the Guardian: “The 6-foot-5 guard became the school's first recruit for next season as it becomes the first Canadian university to join the NCAA. . . . ‘This gives me the chance to go to a Canadian university but to play basketball against American schools.’” He plans to major in kinesiology and hopes to go to medical school.

  • The Longview (WA) Daily News reported the signing for the Clan wrestling program of Niko Hughes, a 152-pound Greco-Roman wrestler. He won six bouts (and fifth place) in the U.S. ASICS/Vaughan Junior & Cadet National Wrestling Championships last week. "Usually, six wins gets you All-American status," said Kelso wrestling coach Bob Freund. "It came down to points, and there were 67 guys in Niko's weight class. Just a bad break."

  • And the Penticton Western News reported that forward Mitch Labreche, former Penticton Vees and Powell River Kings star, will join the SFU men’s hockey club for the 2010/11 British Columbia Intercollegiate Hockey League season. The Powell River Peak also did a story; Labreche used to play for the Powell River Kings.
    Meanwhile, the Burnaby NewsLeader and others reported that the hockey club will be the prime tenant at Burnaby’s 2,000-seat Bill Copeland Sports Centre for the 2010-2011 winter season. SFU will play a 16-game home schedule there, including four exhibition games against out-of-province opponents. SFU is the reigning BCIHL champion.


  • Burnaby Now gave a plug for what it called “Simon Fraser University's biennial outburst of creativity.” In other words: “The 2010 faculty and staff art exhibition, The State of the University, is on until July 30 at the SFU Gallery in Burnaby. The SFU community was invited to create work that celebrated the university's glories or commented on its shortcomings.

  • The Vancouver Sun noted that a number of authors shared their thoughts on humour writing at SFU’s ninth Symposium on the Book. Among them was Jan Underwood of Portland OR, who five years ago won the 3-Day Novel Contest with Day Shift Werewolf. She outlined 11 varieties of humour, including this example from U.S. author-journalist A.J. Jacobs: "I'm officially Jewish, but I'm Jewish in the same way the Olive Garden is an Italian restaurant."

In addition to news releases mentioned above:

  • SFU told media how economics student Imrahn Mitha, 21, is heading to China and Malaysia on Aug. 2 to meet with government and industry leaders. Mitha, who rubbed shoulders with international diplomats at the recent G8 and G20 National Youth Caucus, was selected from a group of 100 high-achieving students to be part of Global Vision’s Junior Team Canada. The national non-profit organization promotes leadership through potential ambassadors between the ages of 16 and 25. The Indo-Canadian Voice newspaper promptly called SFU  for a photo of Mitha.


  • A blog run by Burnaby Now carried an item on last week’s celebration by the SFU Office for Aboriginal Peoples that marked the recent installation of two historic totem poles outside the OAP office entrance. The blog included a link to a video on the event.

  • The Kingston (ON) Whig-Standard and the Calgary Sun picked up an Edmonton Sun column from last week that quoted public policy prof John Richards as saying aboriginal education is in crisis:
    “‘There is no way that my home province of Saskatchewan will be a good, healthy community unless there are dramatic improvements in aboriginal education outcomes in the next generation.’ he warned.  . . . As Richards pointed out, hundreds of reserve schools operating independently with small student populations ‘can never achieve the results we want.’ Band councils need to yield some of their power over schools to a wider First Nations school authority, he said.”


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