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Great Blue Heron Publications

Bayer, R.D. 1978. Aspects of an Oregon estuarine Great Blue Heron population. IN: A. Sprunt IV, J.C. Ogden and S. Winkler. Wading birds. Nation. Audub. Soc. Res. Rpt. No. 7, N.Y. Pp:213‑218.

Bayer, R.D. 1981. Regional variation of Great Blue Heron longevity. J. Field Ornithol. 52:210‑213.

Bayer, R.D. 1985. Bill length of herons and egrets as an estimator of prey size. Colonial Waterbirds 8:104‑109.

Blus, L.J, C.J Henny, and T.E. Kaiser. 1980. Pollution ecology of breeding       Great Blue Herons in the Columbia Basin, Oregon and Washington. Murrelet      61: 63-71.

Butler, R.W. 1997. The Great Blue Heron. University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver.

Butler, R.W., P.E. Whitehead, A. Breault and I. Moul. 1995. Colony effects on fledging success of Great Blue Herons (Ardea herodias) in British Columbia. Colonial Waterbirds 18: 159-165.

Butler, R.W. 1994. Population regulation in Ciconiiform wading birds. Colonial Waterbirds 17:166-176.

Butler. R.W. 1993. Time of breeding in relation to food availability of female Great Blue Herons (Ardea herodias). Auk 110: 110:693-701.

Calambokidi, J., S.M. Speich, J. Peard, G.H. Steiger, J.C. Cubbage, D.M. Fry and L.J. Lowenstine. 1985. Biology of Puget Sound marine mammals and marine birds: population health and evidence of pollution effects. Nation. Oceanic and Atmosph. Admin. Tech. Memorand. NOSOMA 18, Rockville, Maryland.

Elliott, J.E., R.W. Butler, R.J. Norstrom and P.E. Whitehead. 1989. Environmental contaminants and reproductive success of Great Blue Herons (Ardea herodias) in British Columbia, 1986‑87. Environ. Pollut. 59:91‑ 114.

Elliott, J.E., Butler, R.W., R.J. Norstrom and P.E. Whitehead. 1989. Environmental contaminants and reproductive success of Great Blue Herons (Ardea herodias) in British Columbia, 1986-87. Environmental Pollution 59:91-114.

English, S. 1978. Distribution and ecology of Great Blue Heron colonies on the Willamette River, Oregon. IN: A. Sprunt IV, J.C. Ogden and S. Winkler. Wading birds. National Audubon Soc. Res. Rpt. No. 7. Pp:235‑246.

Forbes, L.S. 1982. Prey manipulation in the Great Blue Heron. Murrelet 63:89.

Forbes, L.S., K. Simpson, J.P. Kelsall and D.R. Flook. 1985a. Reproductive success of Great Blue Herons in British Columbia. Can. J. Zool. 63:1110‑ 1113.

Forbes, L.S., K. Simpson, J.P. Kelsall and D.R. Flook. 1985b. Great Blue Heron colonies in British Columbia. Unpubl. Rpt., Can. Wildl. Serv., Delta, B.C.

   Gebauer, M.B, and I.E Moul. 2001. Status of the great Blue Heron in British Columbia.  B.C. Minist. Environ., Lands and Parks, Wildl. Branch.  Victoria, BC. 66 pp. 

Hancock, J. and J. Kushlan. 1984. The herons handbook. Harper and Row, New York.

Henny, C.J. 1972. An analysis of the population dynamics of selected avian species with special reference to changes during the modern pesticide era. U.S. Fish and Wildl. Serv., Wildl. Research Report 1. Washington, D.C.

Henny, C.J. and M.R. Bethers. 1971. Population ecology of the Great Blue Heron, with special reference to western Oregon. Can. Field‑Natural. 85:205‑209.

Kelsall, J.P. and K. Simpson. 1980. A three‑year study of the Great Blue Heron in southwestern British Columbia. Proc. Col. Waterbird Grp. (1979) 3:69‑ 74.

Krebs, J.R. 1974. Colonial nesting and social feeding as strategies for exploiting food resources in the great blue heron (Ardea herodias). Behav. 51:99‑131.

Moul, I.E. 1990. Environmental contaminants, disturbance and breeding failure at a Great Blue Heron colony on Vancouver Island. Unpubl. MSc. thesis, Univ. Brit. Col., Vancouver.

Moul, I.E., R. G. Vennesland, M.L. Harris, and R.W. Butler.  2001. Standardizing and interpreting nesting records for Great Blue Herons in British Columbia. Canadian Wildlife Service Progress Note No. 217, Ottawa, Canada (Available on line at:

Norman, D.M., A.M. Breault and I.E. Moul. 1989. Bald Eagle incursions and predation at Great Blue Heron colonies.  Colonial Waterbirds 12:143‑230.

Paine, J.M. 1972. A study of colonial nesting in the Great Blue Heron (Ardea herodias). Unpubl. B.Sc. thesis, Univ. Brit. Col., Vancouver,

Simpson, K. 1984. Factors affecting reproduction in Great Blue Herons (Ardea herodias). Unpubl. M.Sc. thesis, Univ. Brit. Col., 90pp.

Simpson, K., J.N.M. Smith and J.P. Kelsall. 1987. Correlates and consequences of coloniality in Great Blue Herons. Can. J. Zool. 65:572‑577.

Urhahn, H.J.M. 1968. Feeding ecology of the Great Blue Heron. Unpubl. BSc. thesis, Dept. Zool., Univ. of Brit. Col. 43 pp.

Vennesland, Ross G. 2000. "The effects of disturbance from humans and predators on the breeding decisions and productivity of the Great Blue Heron in south-coastal British Columbia."  MSc thesis, Simon Fraser University. MSc thesis, Simon Fraser University, Burnaby, B.C.

Werschkul, D.F., E. McMahon and M. Leitschuh. 1977. Observations on the  reproductive ecology of the Great Blue Heron in western Oregon. Murrelet 58:7‑12.


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