I've found these books among the most useful for understanding,
analyzing, designing, programming, and interpreting population
and ecological modelling problems. 

I
welcome suggestions for inclusion in this list... 


Burnham,
K.P. and D.R. Anderson. 2002. Model Selection and MultiModel
Inference: A Practical Information Theoretic Approach. 2nd Edition.
Springer. [Burnham]
[Anderson]
[Springer]


Caswell,
H. 2001. Matrix Population Models: Construction, Analysis and
Interpretation. 2nd Edition. Sinauer Associates, Sunderland,
Massachusetts, USA. [Caswell]
[Sinauer]


Clark,
C.W., and M. Mangel. 2000. Dynamic State Variable Models in
Ecology: Methods and models. Oxford University Press.
[Clark]
[Mangel]
[Oxford]


Ebert,
T.A. 1999. Plant and Animal Populations: Methods in Demography.
Academic Press. [Academic
Press] 

Efron,
B., and R.J. Tibshirani. 1998. An Introduction to the Bootstrap.
Monographs on Statistics and Applied Probability 57. Chapman
and Hall/CRC. [Chapman
and Hall/CRC] 

Hilborn,
R. and C. J. Walters. 1992. Quantitative Fisheries Stock Assessment:
Choice, Dynamics and Uncertainty. Chapman and Hall. [Hilborn]
[Walters]
[ISBN:412022710]


Hilborn,
R, and M. Mangel. 1997. The Ecological Detective. Monographs
in Population Biology 28. Princeton University Press. [Hilborn]
[Mangel]
[Princeton]


Hipel,
K.W., and A.I. McLeod. 1994. Time Series Modelling of Water
Resources and Environmental Systems. Developments in Water Science
45. Elsevier. [Hipel]
[McLeod]
[Elsevier]


Mangel,
M., and C.W. Clark. 1988. Dynamic Modeling in Behavioral Ecology.
Monographs in Behavior and Ecology. Princeton University Press.
[Mangel]
[Clark]
[Princeton]


McCullagh,
P., and J.A. Nelder. 1989. Generalized Linear Models. Monographs
on Statistics and Applied Probability 37. Chapman and Hall/CRC.
[Chapman
and Hall/CRC] 

Mood,
A.M., F.A. Graybill, and D.C. Boes. 1974. Introduction to the
Theory of Statistics. 3rd Edition. McGraw Hill. [ISBN:0070428646]


Morris,
W.F., and D.F. Doak. 2002. Quantitative Conservation Biology: Theory
and Practice of Population Viability Analysis. Sinauer Associates,
Sunderland, Massachusetts, USA. [Sinauer] 

Press,
W.H., S.A. Teukolsky, W.T. Vetterling and B.P. Flannery. 1993.
Numerical Recipes in Fortran: The Art of Scientific Computing.
Cambridge Univeristy Press. [Numerical
recipes] 

Williams,
B.K., J.D. Nichols and M.J. Conroy. 2002. Analysis and Management
of Animal Populations: Modeling, Estimation and Decision Making.
Academic Press. [Nichols]
[Academic
Press] 

Walpole,
R.E., R.H. Myers and S.L. Myers. 1998. Probability and Statistics
for Engineers and Scientists. 6th Edition. Prentice Hall. [Prentice
Hall] 

Walters,
C. 1986. Adaptive Management of Renewable Resources. Macmillan
Publishing. [Walters]
[UBC
Publications] 
