In Canada, several federal entities regulate the use of biohazards.

The Human Pathogens and Toxins Act (2009) establishes legal prohibitions and authorities to govern human pathogens and toxins in Canada.  It is designed to protect the health and safety of the public against the risks posed by human pathogens and toxins, while allowing science and research to progress.

The Public Health Agency of Canada regulates the safe use of human pathogens in Canada, and the Canadian Food Inspection Agency regulates the safe use of terrestrial animal pathogens, aquatic animal pathogens and transgenic plants.