Upcoming Thesis Defences
Date: December 6, 2019
Room: Library Thesis Room 2020
Name: Ms. Olivia Ha, PhD Thesis Defence
Thesis Title: A neighbourhood level analysis of immigration and crime in Vancouver, Canada.
In recent years, conflict and violence have propel the rate of displaced individuals to the highest levels since the Second World War, reigniting concerns on immigration and crime. Mass re-settlement initiatives have also changed the social and economic landscape of cities and neighborhoods, opening up an entirely new set of challenges for host nations. From an academic vantage, empirical inquiries are complicated by the dynamic, multifaceted and heterogeneous nature of immigration—complexities that also impact theory-based interpretations of the relationship. The polarization of sentiments complicate political and social perspectives. Advocates for restrictive immigration policies argue that immigrants are inextricably crime prone, while those in support of open immigration policies counter. Empirical research has proliferated in recent years, findings consistently show negative or null relationships between immigration and crime—yet researchers still know relatively little about why findings occur. As such, the current thesis aims to contribute to a better understanding of the immigration-crime link by addressing empirical and methodological gaps that help identify contextual mechanisms that underlie the relationship. Empirically, multi-dimensional, theoretically derived measures of immigration are analyzed—attending to the limitation of overly broad, single dimension, measures. Limitations also stem from a paucity of research that test the relationship at smaller aggregate units. This gap is addressed using census-tract level data and spatially referenced crime data to test immigration effects on disaggregated property crime types across neighborhoods in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, 2003-2016. Methodological limitations develop from the use of global analytic models in assessments of ecological spatial data. Accordingly, local-level spatial analytic techniques are utilized—the spatial point pattern test and geographically weighted regression and a decomposition model. Overall, findings importantly show significant spatial variation in the effect of immigration on property crime (spatial non-stationarity). Results also demonstrate significant variation across immigration measure, property crime classification, effects are also distinguished between and within neighborhoods. Findings therefore, illustrate the context dependent nature of immigration effects on crime. Therefore, in order to develop a better understanding of the immigration-crime link future research should move beyond monolithic expectations and adopt research strategies that account for contextual factors that help explain differential relationships between immigration and crime.
Senior Supervisor: Dr. Martin Andresen
Supervisor: Dr. Garth Davies
Supervisor: Dr. Raymond Corrado
Internal Examiner: Dr. Steeve Mongrain, Economics, SFU
External Examiner: Dr. Charis Kubrin, School of Social Ecology, University of California
Chair: Dr. Bill Glackman
Date: December 10, 2019
Room: Library Thesis Defence Room 2020
Name: Mr. Muhammad Asadullah, PhD Thesis Defence
Thesis Title: Restorative Justice in British Columbia, Nova Scotia and Bangladesh: Exploring Genesis and Praxis.
More than a hundred countries around the world practice some form of restorative justice. Although research of these practices have expanded exponentially, there remain significant gaps in international comparative studies, understanding of community praxis, and perspectives of visionaries and practitioners on the genesis of RJ. This doctoral study bridges these gaps through thirty-eight semi-structured interviews and follow up surveys within the three research sites: British Columbia and Nova Scotia, in Canada, and Bangladesh. The research question addresses both genesis and praxis of RJ across the research sites. The data identifies the key factors that contributed to the genesis of restorative justice at each site. This growth is then situated within the phasic stages of social movements, arguing that restorative justice has not yet reached a ‘tipping point’ at any of the sites. The research contributes to the extent literature in four ways. First, it uniquely captures the stories and voices of restorative justice visionaries who played a pivotal role in the early days at the three sites. Second, it contributes to the development of community praxis in a restorative justice context through a proposed ‘Community Engagement Framework Third, it identifies and contributes to contemporary debates: the standardization of restorative justice; the application of restorative justice on gender-based violence; and the role of INGOs. Finally, it offers a Decolonizing Framework for restorative justice.
Senior Supervisor: Dr. Brenda Morrison
Supervisor: Dr. David MacAlister
Supervisor: Dr. Bill Glackman
Supervisor: Jennifer Llewellyn, LLM, Dalhousie University
Internal Examiner: Dr. Heesoon Bai
External Examiner: Dr. Maisha T. Winn, University of California
Chair: Dr. Bryan Kinney
Date: December 11, 2019
Room: Library Thesis Defence Room 2020
Name: Mr. Kouri Keenan, PhD Thesis Defence
Thesis Title: Rationalizing Professional Misconduct: An Examination of Techniques of Neutralization in Lawyer Discipline Proceedings.
This thesis investigates the use of neutralization techniques by lawyers to justify, excuse, and rationalize their behaviour in disciplinary action for misappropriation, real estate fraud, and conviction for serious financial criminal offences. In addition to assessing the nature and frequency of lawyer neutralizations, this study also considers the extent to which law society discipline hearing panels evaluate and respond to these defence and mitigation strategies in making a sanctioning determination. The dataset consists of 393 law society discipline decisions in eight of Canada’s 14 provincial and territorial law societies decided between 1990 and 2017. A mixed method content analysis addresses the characteristics of these lawyer, how they use techniques of neutralization and are disciplined by the law societies, and how hearing panels evaluate and respond to these rationalizations. The research findings have implications for neutralization theory and its application to lawyer discipline, for stakeholders and policymakers. The conclusions focus on three issues: 1) the prevalence of substance use and other mental health concerns in lawyer discipline cases, 2) the role of postoffence mitigation in the sanction determination, and 3) the suggestion that mitigating factors should be re-examined as techniques of neutralization with the goal of neutralizing some of them when imposing sanctions in disciplinary cases.
Senior Supervisor: Professor Joan Brockman
Supervisor: Dr. Margaret Jackson
Supervisor: Dr. Jacqueline Faubert
Internal Examiner: Dr. Deborah Connolly
External Examiner: Dr. Fiona Kay, Queen’s University
Chair: Dr. Sheri Fabian
Date: December 16, 2019
Room: SWH 10121 (Faculty Conference Room)
Name: Ms. Chelsey Lee, MA Thesis Defence
Thesis Title: “Examining the Effects of Dating Violence Prevention Programs: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.”
Dating violence is a prevalent issue among adolescents and refers to any physical, psychological, or sexual violence perpetrated by a partner in a close relationship (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2019). Prevention programs aim to increase awareness of dating violence and promote healthy relationships. This metaanalysis examines the efficacy of these programs at increasing knowledge about dating violence, changing attitudes towards dating violence behaviors, increasing bystander behaviours, and reducing incidents of dating violence perpetration and victimization among adolescents. A systematic search yielded 37 studies contributing 71 independent
effect sizes. Studies were pooled by outcome measure and results suggest that prevention programs have a significant, positive impact on measures of knowledge, attitudes, and violence perpetration, but did not significantly impact experiences of victimization or bystander behaviours. In addition, nine moderators were used to examine the impacts of program, participant, and study
Senior Supervisor: Dr. Jennifer Wong
Supervisor: Dr. Sheri Fabian
External Examiner: Dr. Kevin Douglas
Chair: Dr. Bill Glackman