Pacific Region Forum: Global staffing: The many faces of the expatriation process in multinational companies in the Asia Pacific
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2–3:30 pm, Friday, February 18, 2011
Room 2270, SFU at Harbour Centre,
515 West Hastings Street, Vancouver.
Free and Open to the Public
Global staffing as a managed process has a number of challenges and opportunities. This presentation will review the literature to date on decisions and functions related to managerial stafng decisions in multinational companies with an emphasis on those operating in and with home bases in the Asia Pacic region. In the focal study managerial functions valued by expatriate and reasons for appointing host country managers were examined in an exploratory, multi-method (interview and questionnaire) study with expatriates and local managers as the respondents. Based on theoretical perspectives of agency theory, transaction costs theory, resource-based views, and organizational learning theory agency theory changes in the valuation of these functions were hypothesized and examined for subsidiary age and nationality of the respondent. Expatriate and local managers' views supported previous research on certain management functions but differed on others (e.g. management development). The data indicated curvilinear relationships in stafng decisions (which have also been found in other studies) for a number of managerial functions between nationality of top manager and age of the subsidiary. Strategic factors were analyzed by subsidiary age and nationality of the respondent manager to understand more about maturity of host company operations and strategic orientations. The results indicated the growth in the strategic functions of technological leadership and market development/branding in older subsidiaries. Implications of these and other related study results and suggestions for future studies will be examined.
Dr. Sue Bruning is a Professor in the I.H. Asper School of Business at the University of Manitoba. In her years at the U of M she has served as the Director of the Ph.D.program and as the Department Head of the Department of Business Administration from July 2000 through June, 2005. During 2006 she served as the Canadian Studies Scholar at University of Trier, Trier, Germany, and in 2010 as a Visiting Professor at Kobe University in the Research in Economics and International Business (REIB) Institute. She has served as the President, Conference Chair for 2002 and VP of Membership for the Administrative Sciences Association of Canada (ASAC) and as President of the International Scholarly Associations of Management (IFSAM). Dr. Bruning's research interests include work on high performance human resource practices, international human resource management, expatriate adjustment, diversity, workplace aggression and justice issues in organizations. Her current research is funded by grants from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada and the Worker's Compensation Board of Manitoba. Dr. Bruning has received rewards for her teaching, research and service activities. She has published a textbook in Organizational Behaviour and a number of academic and practitioner articles that have appeared in journals such as the International Journal of Human Resource Management, Academy of Management Journal, Journal of Applied Psychology, Human Resource Planning, Journal of Management and others. She has taught courses or a visiting basis in a number of countries including Finland, Switzerland, Germany, China, Australia, Singapore, South Africa and Tanzania.