David summarised three distinct methodologies for assessing and studying classroom environments: naturalistic inquiry; interaction analysis; and finally the measurement of perceptions of the psychosocial characteristics of the classroom. While various methodologies may be employed, the measurement of classroom perceptions has been the dominant methodology due to a number of important advantages over other methods. For example, perceptual measures are considered to be simple to administer, are based on experiences over a longer period of time, and have been shown to account for considerable variance in student learning. In his LER, David tends to use surveys in combination with other qualitative methods such as interviews and observation.
Find out more: LER has its own journal published by Springer and is also developed through an active Special Interest Group (SIG) within the American Educational Research Association. In addition, Sense/Brill Publishers maintain this book series focusing on Advances in Learning Environments.