Ray Bradley received his B.A. in Philosophy at the University Auckland as a part time student in 1953 while working days as a primary school teacher. He was awarded his M.A. in Philosophy in 1954. When he began doctoral studies at the Australian National University, he devoted his full attention to Philosophy and received his Ph.D. in 1960. Bradley’s academic career began in 1958 when he took up a lecturing appointment at the University of South Wales, which he held for two years.
Arvid Grants was a high school teacher in his native Riga. He completed a diploma in Music at the Conservatory of Music in Riga in 1943, and studied art at the Academy of Art in Riga between 1943 and 1945, and at the École des Beaux-Arts de Montréal from 1950 to 1952. His interest in art, music and aesthetics would later inform his philosophical research. From 1952 to 1962, Grants was a professional flautist with the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra. He received his B.A. in English and Philosophy at the University of British Columbia in 1961, and his M.A. from UBC in Fine Art and Aesthetics in 1963.
Born in Heidelburg after World War I to non-religious Jewish parents, Peter Herbst was sent to England to attend school after Nazis threatened his parents with internment in 1933. By 1938, conditions in Germany for Jewish citizens had deteriorated to such an extent that Herbst was left destitute in England. At the outbreak of World War II, he attempted to enlist with the British military but his German nationality made him a “hostile alien” in the eyes of the British government and he was shipped to Australia and interned there for two years.
Norman Swartz was awarded his B.A. in Physics with a minor in Philosophy by Harvard University in 1961. Taking an elective in philosophy as an undergraduate inspired Swartz to change his area of focus to Philosophy which he pursued at the postgraduate level. He received his M.A. in 1964 and his Ph.D. in 1971 at Indiana University. Swartz held an appointment as a Lecturer at McGill University from 1965 to 1967 before he took up an instructor position in the Department of Philosophy at Simon Fraser University in 1967.