The Great Wall
The Great Wall
The Great Wall of China, originally named "Wan Li Chang Cheng" (10,000 Li Long Wall), can be viewed only 75 km north of Beijing at Badaling. Here it reaches its highest point at 800m above sea level.

The wall got its start as several smaller walls built at strategic points by warring kingdoms between 476 and 221 BC. When the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty united China in 221 BC, he ordered the walls be extended and joined to protect the northern border.

A workforce of 10 million people took more than 10 years to complete the project. The Wall now stretches more than 6700 km in length..

The Wall was rebuilt during the Ming Dynasty, increasing in height and width of the structure. An example of this work can be seen in Badaling where the wall was re-faced using large bricks and slabs of rock then filled with bits of earth and stone to heights between 6 and 7 metres.

Badaling is seen here about 75 km northwest of Beijing.

(Map not to Scale)