Hakai Network for Coastal People, Ecosystems and Management




February 1, 2015 - Clam Garden Network Featured in North by Northwest

Hakai Professor, Dana Lepofsky talks with guest host, Willow Yamauchi, about her exciting clam garden research and the work of the Clam Garden Network including the Hakai-supported work conducted in Kwakshua Channel, around Bella Bella, and in Northern Quadra Island in this segment of CBC's North by Northwest.  Dana describes how local First Nations have been cultivators of land and seascapes with complex management systems for thousands of years. The research shows that clam gardens today are 150 - 300 percent more productive than beaches without clam gardens. To listen to the 20 minute podcast, visit http://www.cbc.ca/nxnw/ and forward to 38:00.

Photo: Mark Wunsch from www.clamgarden.com



January 30, 2015 - Clam Garden Network Site Goes LIVE

The Clam Garden Network is a group of First Nations, academics, researchers, and resource managers from coastal British Columbia, Washington State, and Alaska who are interested in cultural and ecological importance of traditional clam management practices and features, including clam gardens.  To learn more, visit the Clam Garden Network site at: www.clamgarden.com

Photo: John Harper from www.clamgarden.com



November 26, 2014

Hakai Professor, Ken Lertzman is one of the guest speakers at the UBC series,  Oecologies: The Histories of Sustainability .  His talk is scheduled for 5:00 pm on November 26 and is titled:

Ecology and a Sense of Place: Go for a Walk in the Woods and Save the World”

Summary: What have we learned about people’s relationships with nature from explorations at the nexus of ecology, archaeology, and ethnobiology?  There are many examples of both positive and destructive interactions with the environment in the archaeological and historical records – and in research on modern systems of resource management. However, one broad conclusion is that sustainability is a learned phenomenon – and that learning happens through intense engagement with nature, whether through the multi-generational lived experience of traditional knowledge or through formal scientific research. Society today faces many profound challenges in our relationships with the global environmental systems that support us. All of these are made more difficult by the withdrawal of human experience from intense immersion in the natural world, loss of multi-generational connections to place, systematic dismantling of local knowledge in management institutions, and the disenfranchisement of science in the policy-making system. These issues, as expressed in phenomena such as global climate change, are the defining social-ecological problems of our time.  For more information, visit:http://oecologies.com/2014/08/23/2014-15-green-college-speaker-series-term-one/


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September 8, 2014

Hakai Scholar, Jenn Burt, engages the culinary community in an interview for TV's Salt, Fresh and Field - an adventurous, vivid and cinematic treatment of exploring food sources, communities and culture in Western Canada. Jenn is the "superstar" of marine ecology featured in episode one "Sea Urchin" when host, Chad Brealey, goes to Victoria, BC "in hopes of sourcing the reviled and revered sea urchin to feature in an amazing Japanese meal".  To view, click here and click on episode one.


July 28, 2014

PhD Hakai Scholar, Jordan Benner, published a paper relating to his Master's research in the Canadian Jornal of Forest Research. The title of his paper is "Social contracts and community forestry: how can we design forest policies and tuenure arrangements to generate local benefits?"

"There is widespread debate about the best strategies to provide local benefits in forest management. We evaluate recent policy changes in British Columbia, Canada, focussing on attempts to create local benefits from public forests through a community forestry program and broad policy changes in 2003 that removed obligations of tenure holders to process timber in areas near where timber was harvested." To read more, click here.

Authors: Jordan Benner, Ken Lertzman, Evelyn Pinkerton

Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 2014, 44(8): 903-913, 10.1139/cjfr-2013-0405



July 19, 2014

Pipeline politics, risk management, and why humpback whales are still threatened

Hakai Scholar, Josh Silberg, co-authored a letter that was published in Science questioning the downlisting of humpback whales under Canada's Species-At-Risk Act and how the listing decision relates to risk management & oil pipelines/tanker traffic. Read more about it on Josh's blog  or check it out in Science.



July 7, 2014  Hakai Scholar Jennifer Harding's paper, co-authored with Joel Harding and Professor John Reynolds, was published in Freshwater Biology this month and was even featured on the cover.   The title of the paper is "Movers and shakers: nutrient subsidies and benthic disturbance predict biofilm biomass and stable isotope signatures in coastal streams".

Abstract:   In a 16 stream study of coastal biofilm isotopes and biomass we found that out of several variables considered, salmon density and catchment size were among the most influential.  Our combination of within-stream and among-stream comparisons shows a dual role for salmon as both a nutrient subsidy and a mechanism of disturbance for primary productivity in coastal streams in the Great Bear Rainforest. 

Even though disturbance by salmon results in a decrease in biofilm during spawning, salmon-derived nutrients from previous years are linked to an increase in both isotopes and algal biomass prior to the arrival of salmon.  This means that salmon-derived nutrients are retained in stream catchments from year to year and that these nutrients are an important fertilizer for freshwater primary producers.  Changes to upstream catchments could alter the interplay between salmon, biofilm and nutrient cycling controlling stream food webs.


June 20, 2014

Hakai Network members Duncan McLaren, Olav Lian, Christina Neudorf, Ian Walker, Dan Shugar, Jordan Eamer and others published their paper, A post-glacial sea level hinge on the central Pacific coast of Canada, in Quarternary Science Reviews.  Click here to read the paper.



June 13, 2014 HBI and the Outer shores research program are featured in the Marine Planning Partnership Newsletter this month.  The article is called, "The Hakai Program brings together big minds to answer big questions".



May 2014  Hakai Scholar Joel Harding's paper, co-authored with Professor John Reynolds, was published in Ecosphere this month. The title of the paper is "From earth and ocean: investigating the importance of cross-ecosystem resource linkages to a mobile estuarine consumer".




April 9, 2014  Functional Ecology awards  Hakai Scholar, Kyle Demes, the JBS Haldane Young Investigator's Prize.

This prize is awarded each year to the best paper in the journal by a young author at the start of their research career. Kyle received this award for his paper, Survival of the wekest: increased frond mechanical strength in a wave-swept kelp inhibits self-pruning and increases whole plant mortality (Functional Ecology, Volume 27, Issue 2: 439-445). To read more, click here.



April 7, 2014   The Grizzly Outlook for Hunted Bears in Canada

This month marks the re-opening of the controversial trophy hunt for at-risk grizzly bears in the province of British Columbia.  Hakai Scholar Kyle Artelle was commissioned by "The Conversation", a UK academic news outlet to write an article about this controversial hunt.  To read what Kyle had to say, click here.    Photo Credit: Andy Wright



April 5, 2014  Aboriginal Gardens Make Happy Clams

Hakai Professor, Anne Salomon, was interviewed by Bob McDonald on CBC's Quirks and Quarks and discussed an ancient form of aquaculture practiced on the West Coast of BC. To listen to the pod cast or read the summary, visit:




March 2014  The Bog

In "The Cleanest Line", a Weblog for the employees, friends and customers of the outdoor clothing company Patagonia, Hakai Network Member, Kira Hoffman, (University of Victoria) recounts her recent field work experience in the bog at the Hakai Luxvbalis Conservancy, located on Calvert Island.  To view her beautiful photos and captivating descriptions, click here.


March 31, 2014   Honouring the Women Who Fight For Our Oceans

In honor of Women’s History Month, Ocean Conservancy posted a three part series highlighting some of the amazing women who study and protect our oceans.  Hakai Professor, Anne Salomon was featured on March 31, 2014. To read more, visit: http://blog.oceanconservancy.org/2014/03/31/honoring-the-women-who-fight-for-our-ocean-part-3/



March 21, 2014  When Science Based Management Isn't

In December 2013, the Provincial Government approved the expansion of a controversial trophy hunt of at-risk grizzly bears. This decision raises doubts about the rigor of wildlife management and government policy in the region.

Hakai Scholar, Kyle Artelle and Hakai Professor, John Reynolds and network members Paul Paquet and Chris Darimont write about this in Letters, Science Vol 343. To read the article, click here.


herring article

February 17, 2014

The Vancouver Sun and other media outlets covered the findings in a paper published by Hakai Professors Dana Lepofsky and Ken Lertzman and Hakai Scholar Iain McKechnie (Archaeological Data Provide Alternative Hypotheseson Pacific Herring (Clupea pallasii) Distribution, Abundance, and Variability. PNAS.)

The Vancouver Sun noted "Archeological records showing widespread and consistent Pacific herring abundance on B.C’s coast suggest fisheries officials are massively overestimating the current health of the fishery and misinterpreting spawning patterns, according to a Simon Fraser University study released Monday."  To see full article, click here.


Ianin stream

January 21, 2014

Science with a Sense of Place: The bog forest research program is featured in this issue of the SFU News, Office of Aboriginal People's supplement.  To read the article, click here.


November 6, 2013

Hakai Scholar, Kyle Artelle along with Hakai Professors John Reynolds and Chris Darimont and partner, Paul Paquet published a paper today in PLOS ONE called Confronting Uncertainty in Wildlife Management: Performace of Grizzly Bear Management.  It made the 6:00 news on Global TV and appeared elsewhere.  To read the paper, click here.



October 31, 2013

Hakai Professor, Anne Salomon is featured on the front page of the Georgia Straight this week.  The article, featured in the education issue describes how Anne is exploring new ways of looking at how humans interact with their natural surroundings.  View the article.







October 2013


Hakai Professors, Ken Lertzman and Anne Salomon along with partners Maureen Ryan, Wendy Palen and Joe Arvai had an op ed piece published in the Vancouver Sun on October 15th. The group offered: Stephen Harper’s statement that Canada “won’t take ‘no’ for an answer” regarding the impending U.S. decision about the Keystone XL pipeline overlaps inauspiciously with a new study in Nature this week, which projects that, within a generation, known climates in most regions of the globe will be a “thing of the past”.   Read more



October 2013

SFU HONOURS B.C. SCIENCE LEADERS Eric Peterson and Christina Munck

Eric and Christina, founders of the Tula Foundation and the Hakai Beach Institute, were honoured by SFU Chancellor, Carole Taylor with the Chancellor's Distinguised Service Award.  “Eric and Christina have established significant partnerships with SFU, as well as other universities, and their contributions to B.C. have been profound,” says Chancellor Carole Taylor.

Read more


September 2013

Congratulations to Anne Salomon, Hakai Professor, for winning the International Recognition of Professional Excellence Award from the Inter-Research Science Center.  This award honours a young ecologist  (not older than 40) who has published uniquely independent, original and/or challenging research representing an important scientific breakthrough, and/or who must work under particularly difficult conditions. IRPE laurates are elected by a jury composed of ECI Members.  To read more, visit: Inter-Research Science Center


September 2013


Hakai Network Director Ken Lertzman attended a research workshop at the Alaska Coastal Rainforest Center in Juneau, Sept 20-24.  He was joined there by Network researchers Andy MacKinnon, Sari Saunders, and (HBI staffer) Ian Giesbrecht.  They visited field sites of US Forest Service researchers who have been instrumental in helping craft the Bog-Forest research program (Dave D'Amore and Rick Edwards) and attended workshops on watersheds and GIS, bog forest research, and research network coordination.  One of the products of this may be a formal research network on bog-forest-marine ecosystem interactions with nodes in Alaska and BC. 


September 2013

Herring School Update

Margot Hessing-Lewis, Brittany Keeling and Brigitte Dorner attended the 2013 Pacific herring Regional Advisory Process meeting in Nanaimo (September 4-6) as representatives of the Herring School. This meeting provides peer review on herring science for a SAR (Science Advisory Report) that outlines the 2013 stock assessment and provides management advice for the 2014 forecast.  This year, major stock assessment changes reviewed included recruitment survey methodology and a move towards probabilistic tables on catch rates and harvest control rules for use in management decision-making.  




July - August 2013


This summer, the Salomon Lab teamed up with the Tula Foundation, Hakai Beach Institute and community members of the Heiltsuk and Wuikinivx Nations to begin to explore tipping points in kelp forest ecosystems along BC's Central Coast.



June 2013


SFU conferred on Andy MacKinnon, Network Member, an Honorary Degree (Doctor of Science,honoris causa)  in June 2013.  Andy is a research ecologist with the BC Forest Service, an SFU adjunct professor in resource and environmental management, and the co-author of six best-selling field guides to plants of western North America. 


WHY WATERSHEDS:  Evaluating the Protection of Undeveloped Watersheds as a Conservation Strategy in Northwestern North America

Network Director Ken Lertzman and Network Member Andy MacKinnon published a chapter in North Pacific Rainforests.  To view the chapter, click here

Listed below is information about the volume:

Ecology and Conservation

416 pp., 75 illus., 6 x 9 in.
Published with Audubon Alaska and the Nature Conservancy of Alaska
$60.00 hardcover, ISBN 978-0-295-99261-7

The North Pacific temperate rainforest encompasses thousands of islands and millions of acres of relatively pristine rainforest, providing an opportunity to compare the ecological functioning of a largely intact forest ecosystem with the highly modified ecosystems that typify most of the world's temperate zone. The book examines the basic processes that drive the dynamic behavior of such ecosystems and considers how managers can use that knowledge to sustainably manage the rainforest and balance ecosystem integrity with human use. Together, the contributors offer a broad understanding of the challenges and opportunities faced by scientists, managers, and conservationists in the northern portion of the North Pacific rainforest that will be of interest to conservation practitioners seeking to balance economic sustainability and biodiversity conservation across the globe.

Gordon Orians is professor emeritus of biology at the University of Washington. John Schoen is a senior science advisor at Audubon Alaska. Other contributors include Paul Alaback, Bill Beese, Frances Biles, Todd Brinkman, Joe Cook, Lisa Crone, Dave D'Amore, Rick Edwards, Jerry Franklin, Ken Lertzman, Stephen MacDonald, Andy MacKinnon, Bruce Marcot, Joe Mehrkens, Eric Norberg, Gregory Nowacki, Dave Person, and Sari Saunders.

206.221.4996 | PHOEBEA@UW.EDU




Managing for ecological and social resilience has become a priority in contemporary approaches to conservation and a central theme in advancing our understanding of coupled social-ecological systems. Despite this, the extent to which resilience thinking is applied to real-world decision-making remains in its infancy.  In collaboration with the Heiltsuk and Wuikinuxv First Nations, we held our second field school "Resilience of Social-Ecological Systems" to provide an in-depth exploration of the concept of reslielence, both in theory and in practice on the Central Coast of BC.

Here is what a few students had to say about the experience:

"This experience was undoubtedly a highlight of grad school for me, in terms of being allowed the freedom to develop and explore field-based research questions, and in terms of broadening my understanding the multi-faceted context in which these questions can be asked."

The "resilience course was undoubtedly an intense experience of 'creative destruction' and renewal in terms of my own world views, and I believe it has contributed greatly to an enhanced personal resilience by feeding my inspiration to carry on in a career that will hopefully help protect ecological health, and in turn, the health of communities."


Upcoming Events

April 11, 2014, Hakai House SFU

Hakai A Science 'Startup" On the BC Central Coast" 

presented by Eric Peterson, Tula Foundation 12:30 - 2:00 pm


February 27-28, 2014, Hakai House, SFU

Bog Forest Research Priorities Dialogue, Hakai House

February 24-26, 2014, SFU Centre for Dialogue

Transboundary Foreset Science and Management Dialogue hosted by the Hakai Network, BC Ministry of Forest, Land and Natural Resource Operations and the North Pacific Landscape Conservation Cooperative.

February 19, 2014, 9:30 am, Hakai House Seminar Room

Intellectual Property and Hakai Research on the Central Coast of BC: A dialogue between Hakai Scholars and Dr. George Nicholas

February 6, 2014 3:30 - 4:30 pm Room 10900 IRMACS Theatre

Community-Based Cultural Heritage Research: Insights, Challenges, and Possibilities from the IPinCH Project presented by George Nicholas, Archaelogy, SFU

November 15, 2013 9:30 - 11:00 am

In Search of the Anthropocene, a Hakai seminar, presented by Dr. Bruce Smith, Dept of Anthropology, Smithosonian Institution. To view the abstract and bio, click here.

October 31, 2013 - 12:15 - 1:15 IRMACS Theatre, SFU

Ban Trophy Hunting in the Great Bear Rainforest - a film screening of "Bear Witness" and discussion presented by Hakai Scholar, Jennifer Walkus. Abstract

SFU Day for Reconciliation, Thursday September 12 from 9-3, Convocation Mall

At the SFU Day for Reconciliation, keynote speakers Chief Dr. Robert Joseph and Karen Joseph of Reconciliation Canada share how they are catalyzing diverse communities around reconciliation, and why it matters to the diverse community that is SFU. Their conversation is followed by a multi-generational panel speaking to the legacy of the residential school system in their own lives and work.

More information: http://www.sfu.ca/reconciliation/sfu-day.html
RSVP: http://websurvey.sfu.ca/survey/147291409

Check this out!