Ancient and Traditional Landscapes

Midden exposure West Beach Hakai over 3000 years old cred Ken Lertzman

Coordinators: Dana Lepofsky and Nancy Turner (SFU), Jennifer Carpenter (HIRMD)

This program is composed of two broad areas of interest: a team focused on the ancient landscapes and humans from ~12,000 – 5000 years ago (the “Paleo-team”), and another team focused on 5,000 years ago to present.   The broad goals of this program are to understand the natural and cultural landscape of the past.  This program integrates archaeological methods, oral knowledge, and paleoecology. 

The research of the “Paleo-team” is linked to research also being conducted by Rick Routledge on long-term salmon abundance.  

In addition to the above coordinators, the paleo-team consists of:

Duncan McLaren (post-doc UVic) – archaeologist with a specialty in ancient landscapes and early sites. Duncan has had two successful field seasons at Hakai in 2011

Aubrey Cannon (McMaster) – archaeologist with a specialty in zooarchaeology and particularly interested in the cycles of salmon and its role on settlement.  Aubrey and Ed Reinhard will be coring Namu Lake in this summer to extract a long-term climatic record based on sediments, diatoms, and pollen

Ed Reinhard (McMaster) – geologist and geomorphologist with specialty in ancient sea and lake levels and paleo-climate – esp. via diatoms

Jonathan Hughes (UFV) – palynologist interested in dune formations and ancient landscape formation.  This summer, he will be working with Ian Walker (UVic) and Olav Liam (UFV) on understanding the ancient dune formation near Hakai and as it relates to ancient sea level.

In addition to the above coordinators, the research team focused on more recent land use is composed of:

Julia Jackley – archaeology PhD student (SFU), with considerable experience working with First Nations and documenting ancient cultural landscapes.  Julia will be volunteering with Duncan this summer as well as Farid Rhametulla’s field school (not associated with the Network) in order to get experience working in Heiltsuk region.

Ancient land use Duncan McLaren Coring arch site near Calvert July 18 photo cred Dana LepofskyPost-doc Duncan McLaren coring an ancient archaeological site near Calvert Island. The site may date to the early Holocene -- over 10,000 years ago.
Ancient land use Dana Lepofsky taking a photo of an ancient native clover and silverweed garden on N. Hunter Island 26 July 2011 credit Nancy TurnerDana Lepofsky taking a photo of an ancient native clover and silverweed garden on N. Hunter Island. Documenting ancient management practices on land and sea, is one of the goals of the Ancient Land Use Programme.