Standard English Name(s):
Local English Name(s) (if different from above):
Scientific Name(s): Spiraea douglasii Hook.
Upriver Halkomelem Name(s): t'ec'ulhp
Downriver Halkomelem Name(s): t'ec'ulhp
Island Halkomelem Name(s): t'ec'ulhp
Ecology, & Distribution:
Spirea is a thicket-forming shrub
that produces tiny pink flowers in dense clusters. The flowers are pink
to deep rose and tiny, but grouped in large numbers in long, narrow
clusters. This plant occurs in moist to wet habitats such as streambanks,
swamps, and lake margins. It is found throughout the coast.
Upriver Halkomelem Cultural
The hard wood of this plant was used
for making fish-spreaders for wind-drying fish. It was also used for
mat-making needles, spoons, and spears.
Downriver Halkomelem Cultural Role(s):
The wood was used to spread the first
sockeye salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) of the season. A decoction
of the flowers was used for cleansing the lungs.
Island Halkomelem Cultural Role(s):
The wood of spirea has been used to make
spreaders when smoking fish.