Crime Analysis

The ICURS Lab is undertaking several projects that look at providing general crime pattern identification and crime reduction decision-making support. Strategic projects are primarily at the municipality level, and look to understanding changes in crime patterns in support of ongoing crime reduction and prevention programs already undertaken by local police departments or detachments. Such work tends to incorporate longer-term trends (multiple years of police incidents) and seek to inform police service delivery in the context of rapid urban development and population growth. More localized work is intended to provide problem oriented support for urban spaces identified as needing further research, such as increased patrol, crime prevention or other programs.

CAS-PR

Cas-PR (Crime Analysis System for the Pacific Region) is the software developed by ICURS that matches the important parts of the UK iQuanta crime reporting and analysis system. It makes use of monthly crime returns under the uniform crime reporting system and currently contains data spanning 2000 through 2008.  CAS-PR was used to better explore provincial, municipal and detachment crime and clearance trends and to identify the prevalence of particular trends across all policing jurisdictions in order to assess those which were province-wide, those which were regional and those which were confined to particular locales.

Directionality & Repeat Offending

Environmental Criminology is theoretically based on the routines of every day following patterns. The non-criminal routine activities greatly influence criminal activities by forming an awareness and activity space. Using PIRS data, the home and offence locations for repeat offenders was analyzed to determine whether there was directionality in offending as there is in normal daily activities. It was found, as an example, that 50% of all offences committed by repeat offenders with at least 10 offences occurred within a 27 degree angle away from home locations.

Prolific Offenders

Analysis of the patterns formed by prolific offenders continued. Analyses included age trajectories, co-offending by age and by crime type, mobility by age of offender. The patterns in BC follow to some degree the general patterns found elsewhere but highly prolific offenders exhibit much greater mobility than typically discussed in the criminological research literature. Analysis also found very different charging rates for different prolific offenders.