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The 180 Degree Rule

It is important to maintain interest in an interview by having a variety of shots that show different perspectives or angles. However, it is essential to maintain “consistency of screen direction.” This means that you should not cross the “Axis of Action” or the imaginary line that follows the main subject’s action or direction of focus.

The 180 Degree Rule states that you can place the camera anywhere along the 180 Degrees of one side of the axis of action and maintain consistency of screen direction.

You should not cross the axis of action without:

  1. The use of a moving shot that shows the crossing of the axis of action.
  2. Indicate on screen that a shot is a “Reverse Angle” as is done in sporting events.
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