Spring 2018 - EASC 420 D100
Petroleum Geology (3)
Class Number: 1979
Delivery Method: In Person
Course Times + Location:
Tu 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
WMC 3510, Burnaby
1 778 782-5492
Office: TASC 1 Room 7237
Prerequisites:EASC 304, 309. All with a grade of C- or better.
Elements of the petroleum system, including basin type, source rock origination, migration, and trapping mechanisms. Techniques used to identify and map potential hydrocarbon reservoirs in the subsurface, including geophysical methods, surface mapping, well log correlation, and core/chip sample descriptions will be discussed. This material will be presented in a context that demonstrates the life cycle of a hydrocarbon field from exploration (early), delineation (assessment), and production (mature) stages. Datasets available during different stages of development will be discussed in light of their pertinence to optimal reservoir performance.
EASC 420 is a practical course that covers all aspects of petroleum geology: from oil generation and migration to exploration and development. The focus is on how petroleum is trapped, and the types of tools, information, and methods geologists use to explore for and develop hydrocarbons. Material covered includes: source rock deposition and maturation, migration pathways, hydrocarbon trapping mechanisms, well log interpretation, DST interpretation, secondary and tertiary recovery strategies, and unconventional hydrocarbon resources. Laboratory exercises will demonstrate classroom concepts and will introduce students to software commonly used in the petroleum industry.
1. Introduction to petroleum geology. Summary of the fundamental elements of the hydrocarbon system.
2. Source rock types, deposition, and hydrocarbon generation.
3. Hydrocarbon migration pathways and trapping mechanisms.
4. Tools used in petroleum exploration: seismic, core, facies models, and sequence stratigraphy.
5. Well-log interpretation. How well logs are used to discover oil and gas and the weaknesses and strength of each tool.
6. Drill stem test (DST) interpretation.
7. Mapping techniques and contouring.
8. Land surveys, land sales, royalties, and basic economics.
9. Secondary (waterflood) and tertiary (CO2) enhanced oil recovery strategies.
10. Unconventional play types: oil sands, coal-bed methane, shale gas.
Course Organization: One 2-hour lecture class and one 3-hour laboratory class per week.
- Laboratory Assignments 20%
- Laboratory Participation 5%
- Seminar 20%
- Mid-Term Exam 20%
- Final Theory Exam (Cumulative) 35%
Slatt, R.M. 2006. Stratigraphic Reservoir Characterization for Petroleum Geologists, Geophysicists and Engineers 2nd edition. Handbook of Petroleum Exploration and Production, Vol. 6, Elsevier
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