Spring 2018 - EASC 622 G100
Principles of Ichnology (3)
Class Number: 13010
Delivery Method: In Person
The conceptual framework of ichnology with particular emphasis on the ethological (behavioral) classification of biogenic structures, as well as its applications to the ichnofacies concept and paleoenvironmental interpretation of the sedimentary record. Environmental stresses and organism responses will be integrated with conventional sedimentology to highlight the complex inter-relationships between infauna and the environments they inhabit. The genetic stratigraphic applications of ichnology will also be addressed.
EASC 622 concentrates on the Principles of Ichnology (the study of trace fossils). Few graduate students will have had any more than a brief exposure to this discipline during their undergraduate career. This course deals with an introduction to the science, starting with the conceptual framework of ichnology with particular emphasis on the ethological (behavioural) classification of biogenic structures. The course addresses trace fossil applications to the ichnofacies concept and to paleoenvironmental interpretations of the sedimentary record. Neoichnological and paleoichnological datasets will be assessed. Environmental stresses and organism responses will be integrated with conventional sedimentology in order to highlight the complex inter-relationships between infaunal behaviour and the environments they inhabit. The genetic stratigraphic applications of ichnology will also be addressed.
1. Conceptual Framework of Ichnology: Animal-Sediment Relations
2. Ethology of Trace Fossils and Application to the Ichnofacies Concept
3. Ichnofacies and Ichnofabric Analysis
4. Neoichnology and the rise of Process Ichnology
5. Integrating Ichnology and Sedimentary Facies Analysis
6. Genetic Stratigraphic Paradigms and Utility of Ichnology
One 2-hour lecture/seminar every week.
One 1-hour laboratory period every week
- Seminar Evaluations 40%
- Term Paper 20%
- Laboratory Assignments 40%
Readings will be assigned weekly from the literature. Students are also advised to obtain access to:
Bromley, R.G., 1996, Trace Fossils: Biology, Taphonomy and Applications, Chapman and Hall, New York, 631p.
MacEachern, J.A., Bann, K.L., Gingras, M.K., and Pemberton, S.G., eds., 2007, Applied Ichnology, SEPM Short Course Notes 52, 380p.
Miller, W. III (ed.) 2007, Trace Fossils: Concepts, Problems, Prospects, Elsevier, New York, 611p.
Buatois, L and Mángano, G., 2011, Ichnology: Organism-Substrate Interaction in Space and Time, Cambridge, New York, 358p.
Knaust, D. and Bromley, R.G. (eds). Ichnology as Indicators of Sedimentary Environments, Developments in Sedimentology 64, 924p.
Graduate Studies Notes:
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