Spring 2020 - BISC 366 D100

Plant Physiology (3)

Class Number: 2460

Delivery Method: In Person

Overview

  • Course Times + Location:

    Mo, We, Fr 9:30 AM – 10:20 AM
    SECB 1010, Burnaby

  • Exam Times + Location:

    Apr 21, 2020
    3:30 PM – 6:30 PM
    Location: TBA

  • Prerequisites:

    MBB 231 with a grade of C- or better.

Description

CALENDAR DESCRIPTION:

The plant's physical environment and the physiological basis (mechanisms and principles) of the interaction between plants and their environment in relation to their survival and ecological distribution.

COURSE DETAILS:

Plant physiology, or how plants function, is often equated with photosynthesis, their ability to extract energy from sunlight to synthesize carbohydrates from carbon dioxide. This is not surprising since photosynthesis support the life not only plants but also all animal and most microbial life on earth. There is, however, so much more to plant physiology. For example, they take up water and minerals without pumps, they distribute carbohydrates and molecules such as hormones everywhere needed, also without pumps. How does that work? Plants are also often thought of as passive organisms, going on with their life program as much as the environment allows. They are nothing of the kind. They have a large range of molecules that sense for example changes in light intensity and quality and time of day, temperature and even touch. These inputs are constantly being integrated into short- and long-term responses, without a neural system. The response can also be extremely plastic. For example, the model plant arabidopis can decide to flower a few days after germination, generating a tiny plant with a few seeds, or it can go on to produce a plant a thousand times larger, with tens of thousands of seeds. They can also sense drought, heat, cold, and directly adjust to improve survival. Plants are also constantly under attack by microbes, insects and animals. Without efficient defenses they would go extinct. They use molecular recognition mechanisms to sense what microbe is attacking it and mount specific responses. In some cases, cells around the infection site are instructed to commit suicide to limit the spread of the pathogen. At the same time, signals are sent to the rest of the plant, so that they are ready when the pathogen spreads or the insects arrive. Plants also use a large range of chemicals sometimes to attract but mostly to poison attacking organism. For example, terpenes are toxic to microbes and insects, while alkaloids and cannabinoids have evolved to mess with mammalian brains. Ironically, many of these chemicals are used as perfumes, spices and drugs by humans. Here we will make sense of these hundreds of thousands of plant chemicals by separating them into just a few biosynthetic pathways. This course will also provide examples of how the study of plant physiology fits into the modern society by providing examples of its role in past and current plant breeding, adaptation to food shortages, climate change, and a future with plants as the major source not only of carbohydrates but also proteins.

Grading

  • Tutorials 30%
  • Group project 15%
  • Midterm 15%
  • Final exam 40%

Materials

REQUIRED READING:

Fundamentals of Plant Physiology, 1st Edition Edited by Lincoln Taiz; Eduardo Zeiger; Ian Max Møller; Angus Murphy 2018: Sinauer Associates is an imprint of Oxford University Press.  eISBN-13: 9781605357904

Registrar Notes:

SFU’s Academic Integrity web site http://www.sfu.ca/students/academicintegrity.html is filled with information on what is meant by academic dishonesty, where you can find resources to help with your studies and the consequences of cheating.  Check out the site for more information and videos that help explain the issues in plain English.

Each student is responsible for his or her conduct as it affects the University community.  Academic dishonesty, in whatever form, is ultimately destructive of the values of the University. Furthermore, it is unfair and discouraging to the majority of students who pursue their studies honestly. Scholarly integrity is required of all members of the University. http://www.sfu.ca/policies/gazette/student/s10-01.html

ACADEMIC INTEGRITY: YOUR WORK, YOUR SUCCESS