Fall 2022 - LING 160 B100

Language, Culture and Society (3)

Class Number: 3555

Delivery Method: Blended


  • Course Times + Location:

    Fr 3:30 PM – 4:20 PM
    BLU 9660, Burnaby

  • Instructor:

    Suzanne Hilgendorf
    1 778 782-8583



Examines the relationship between language use and social structure. Considers how social factors such as gender, class, age, and ethnicity may be reflected in language use, as well as "big picture" topics that include multilingualism, dialect variation, language policy and linguistic stereotypes. Encourages students to think critically about the social dimensions of language. Open to all students. Breadth-Social Sciences.


This course explores how language is a social phenomenon, a code constantly being changed by the people who use it (users) as they communicate meaning to one another (uses). This on-going process of modifying a language is evident when we think about how users change sounds, grammar, vocabulary, and phrasings over time (e.g. Shakespeare’s English vs. present-day English). In addition, each group of users adapts a language in distinct ways. Language varies across different (cultural) contexts, from speech community to speech community. For example, English as it is used in Vancouver is distinct from how it is used in New York City or Edinburgh, Scotland or Singapore or Hong Kong. Within each of these contexts the users use English in ways that reflect their cultural identities, background, beliefs, practices, and values.

This course explores these and other topics in sociolinguistics, the research field that examines the relationship between social factors, culture, and language use. Topics to be discussed include

  • multilingualism in speech communities and the social reasons for language acquisition, language shift, language maintenance, language loss, and even language death;
  • the phenomena of regional dialects (e.g. Newfoundland English; Texas English; Indian English) and social dialects (e.g. the Queen’s English vs. that of working-class Londoners);
  • how language use can vary within a speech community depending on such social factors as ethnicity (e.g. African American Vernacular English), gender (e.g. Valley Girl English), age (e.g. youth language), and social class;
  • the role of politeness in language use, and how this varies across cultures;
  • variation in languages (e.g. Canadian English “washroom” vs. American English “restroom”);
  • the relationship between language and cognition (does a language and its vocabulary shape our understanding of the world around us?); and
  • in general, issues of discrimination and prejudice, also equity, diversity, and inclusion, with respect to the language(s) individuals and communities use.

A special topic will be that of World Englishes, which examines the international spread of English to speech communities around the globe. This phenomenon began with British Colonialism, initially in North America and the South Pacific, then in Asia and Africa. More recently, globalization and heightened transnational contact has inaugurated a third phase in the spread of English, to Europe, Latin America, and other parts of the world never subjected to (British) colonial rule.

MODE OF INSTRUCTION: Blended. One hour face-to-face, approximately two hours asynchronous podcast lecture. 

MODE OF DELIVERY: Face-to-face lectures in classroom, mp4 podcast lecture files available for download. 


TECHNOLOGY REQUIRED: Means for downloading and listening to mp4 podcast lecture files.


  • Attendance and lecture participation assignments 20%
  • Participation in on-line discussion 15%
  • Four 1-hour tests (4 x 16.25%) 65%
  • No Final Exam


A detailed course outline will be distributed during the first week of classes.

Required Text:

Please note that students are responsible for the content in this latest edition. The content of older editions is not identical to that of the latest edition.

A list of additional readings (available via Library Reserve) may be distributed in class.

Outline of Blended Instruction

As a Blended course, this class will have a combination of in-person and online components, with the online components replacing in-person class time.

The originally scheduled three hours of in-person instruction will be divided into 2 hours asynchronous (online) and 1 hour in-person instruction.

For the asynchronous instruction, students will need to access ca. 2 hours of lecture podcasts posted in the course’s Canvas site each week by Monday morning. Students are expected to listen to these lecture podcasts and complete brief participation activities by 3:00 pm on Friday, the day of class.

For the in-person instruction, the class will meet for one hour on Fridays, from 3:30 pm to 4:20 pm. The in-person sessions will focus on clarifying information in the podcasts and assigned readings as well as addressing student questions. Students will also complete brief group work assignments.

In addition, the four scheduled tests will be completed in-person during the one-hour class meetings.

Note: This course may be applied towards the Certificate in Teaching English as a Second Language.                                                                                                                                           

Linguistics program students cannot count this course towards their breadth requirements unless in joint or double majors, extended minor, or double minors program.

Students requiring accommodations as a result of a disability must contact the Centre for Accessible Learning (caladmin@sfu.ca).



Holmes, Janet, and Wilson, Nick (2022). An Introduction to Sociolinguistics (6th revised ed.) Taylor & Francis.
ISBN: 9780367421106

Department Undergraduate Notes:

Students should familiarize themselves with the Department's Standards on Class Management and Student Responsibilities.

Please note that a grade of “FD” (Failed-Dishonesty) may be assigned as a penalty for academic dishonesty.

All student requests for accommodations for their religious practices must be made in writing by the end of the first week of classes or no later than one week after a student adds a course.

Registrar Notes:


SFU’s Academic Integrity website http://www.sfu.ca/students/academicintegrity.html is filled with information on what is meant by academic dishonesty, where you can find resources to help with your studies and the consequences of cheating. Check out the site for more information and videos that help explain the issues in plain English.

Each student is responsible for his or her conduct as it affects the university community. Academic dishonesty, in whatever form, is ultimately destructive of the values of the university. Furthermore, it is unfair and discouraging to the majority of students who pursue their studies honestly. Scholarly integrity is required of all members of the university. http://www.sfu.ca/policies/gazette/student/s10-01.html

Required Reading Notes:

Course Materials, including digital textbooks, are available through the SFU Bookstore by simply searching by your Campus/Term/Class at https://shop.sfu.ca/Course/campus.