Condensed Matter Journal Club

A global inversion-symmetry-broken phase inside the pseudogap region of YBa2Cu3Oy

Mon, 20 Feb 2017 1:30 PM
Print

Condensed Matter Journal Club

Steve Dodge
Department of Physics, SFU

A global inversion-symmetry-broken phase inside the pseudogap region of YBa2Cu3Oy

Feb 20, 2017 at 1:30pm in P8445.2

Synopsis

The phase diagram of cuprate high-temperature superconductors features an enigmatic pseudogap region that is characterized by a partial suppression of low-energy electronic excitations. Polarized neutron diraction, Nernst effect, terahertz polarimetry and ultrasound measurements on YBa2Cu3Oy suggest that the pseudogap onset below a temperature T coincides with a bona fide thermodynamic phase transition that breaks time-reversal, four-fold rotation and mirror symmetries respectively. However, the full point
group above and below T has not been resolved and the fate of this transition as T approaches the superconducting critical temperature Tc is poorly understood. Here we reveal the point group of YBa2Cu3Oy inside its pseudogap and neighbouring regions using high-sensitivity linear and second-harmonic optical anisotropy measurements. We show that spatial inversion and two-fold rotational symmetries are broken below T while mirror symmetries perpendicular to the Cu–O plane are absent at all temperatures. This transition occurs over a wide doping range and persists inside the superconducting dome, with no detectable coupling to either charge ordering or
superconductivity. These results suggest that the pseudogap region coincides with an odd-parity order that does not arise from a competing Fermi surface instability and exhibits a quantum phase transition inside the superconducting dome.