Condensed Matter Journal Club

The role of the strain induced population imbalance in Valley polarization of graphene: Berry curvature perspective

Wed, 21 Mar 2018 2:30 PM
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Condensed Matter Journal Club

Mohammadhadi Azari
Dept of Physics, SFU

The role of the strain induced population imbalance in Valley polarization of graphene: Berry curvature perspective

Mar 21, 2018 at 2:30pm in P8445.2

Synopsis

Real magnetic and lattice deformation gauge fields have been investigated in honeycomb lattice of graphene. The coexistence of these two gauges will induce a gap difference between two valley points (K and K′) of system. This gap difference allows us to study the possible topological valley Hall current and valley polarization in the graphene sheet. In the absence of magnetic  field, the strain alone could not generate a valley polarization when the Fermi energy coincides exactly with the Dirac points. Since in this case there is not any imbalance between the population of the valley points. In other words each of these gauges alone could not induce any topological valley-polarized current in the system at zero Fermi energy. Meanwhile at non-zero Fermi energies population imbalance can be generated asa result of the external strain even at zero magnetic  field. In the context of Berry curvature within the linear response regime the valley polarization (both magnetic free polarization, Π0, and  field dependent response function, χα) in different values of gauge  fields of lattice deformation has been obtained.