Condensed Matter Seminar

Theories of transport scaling in disordered semimetals and topological spin-nematic excitonic insulators in graphite under high magnetic field

Thu, 31 May 2018 2:30 PM
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Condensed Matter Seminar

Ryuichi Shindou
Peking University

Theories of transport scaling in disordered semimetals and topological spin-nematic excitonic insulators in graphite under high magnetic field

May 31, 2018 at 2:30pm in P8445.2

Synopsis

In the first part of my talk, I will talk about transport scaling theories in disordered Weyl semimetal [1,2]. In electronic band structure of solid state material, two band touching points with linear dispersion (called as 'Weyl node' ) appear in pair in the momentum space. When they annihilate with each other,  the system undergoes a quantum phase transition from Weyl semimental (WSM) phase to a band insulator (BI) phase. The continuous phase transition is recently discovered in solid state materials [3]. The phase transition is described by a critical theory with a `magnetic dipole' like object in the momentum space. The critical theory hosts a disorder-driven quantum multicritical point, which is encompassed by three quantum phases, WSM phase, BI phase, and diffusive metal (DM) phase. Based on the renormalization group argument, we clarify transport scaling properties around the Weyl node at the quantum multicritical point as well as all phase boundaries among these three phases [1,2].

In the second part of my talk, I will argue that three-dimensional topological excitonic insulator is realized in graphite under high magnetic field [4,5]. Graphite under high magnetic field exhibits consecutive metal-insulator (MI) transitions as well as re-entrant insulator-metal (IM) transition at low temperature. We explain these enigmatic insulator phases as manifestation of excitonic insulator phases with spin nematic orderings (“SNEI” phases). Especially, we explain unusual field-dependences of in-plane resistivity in the graphite experiment by surface transports via 2+1 massless surface Dirac fermion in one of the SNEI phases [4,5].

[1] https://arxiv.org/abs/1803.09051, under review

[2] https://arxiv.org/abs/1710.00572, selected as PRB editors’ suggestion

[3] Tian Liang, et.al., Science Advances, 3, e1602510 (2017)

[4] https://arxiv.org/abs/1802.10253, under review

[5] in preparation

 

 

Bibliography of Dr. Ryuichi Shindou

Dr. Ryuichi Shindou is a condensed matter theorist. He graduated from University of Tokyo in 1999, where he obtained Ph.D in 2004. After postdoc research in UCSB (2005-2007), RIKEN (2008-2010), and Tokyo Institute of Technology (2010-2012), he became an project assistant professor (non-tenured) in Tokyo Institute of Technology (2012-2013). Since 2013 January, he has been a tenure-track associate professor in ICQM in Peking University. He has been working on theories of quantum spintronics, magnetism and transport as well as corelated electron systems.