Please note:
To view the Spring 2018 Academic Calendar go to http://www.sfu.ca/students/calendar/2018/spring.html
Chemical Physics Major
This bachelor of science (BSc) program is offered jointly by the Departments of Chemistry and Physics. Entry requires permission of both.
Minimum Grade Requirement
Students wishing to enrol in physics courses must obtain a C grade or better in prerequisite courses.
Program Requirements
Students complete 120 units, as specified below.
Lower Division Requirements
Students are strongly encouraged to complete at least three lower division computing science units, in addition to the following requirements.
Students complete a minimum total of 60 units, including all of
Experiments in chemical equilibrium, acids and bases, qualitative analysis, electrochemistry and chemical kinetics. Prerequisite: CHEM 121. Corequisite: CHEM 122. Quantitative.
Section  Instructor  Day/Time  Location 

LA03 
Julie Lunniss 
Tu 1:30 PM – 5:20 PM 
SSCC 7071, Burnaby 
LA06 
Julie Lunniss 
Th 1:30 PM – 5:20 PM 
SSCC 7071, Burnaby 
The principles of analytical chemistry and their practical application to solution samples. Titrimetric and electrochemical methods. Prerequisite: CHEM 122 and 126. Quantitative.
Section  Instructor  Day/Time  Location 

D100 
Paul Li Dev Sharma 
Tu 11:30 AM – 1:20 PM Th 11:30 AM – 12:20 PM 
AQ 5016, Burnaby AQ 5016, Burnaby 
LA01 

We 1:30 PM – 5:20 PM 
SSCC 8055, Burnaby 
LA02 

Th 1:30 PM – 5:20 PM 
SSCC 8055, Burnaby 
The chemistry of the elements and their inorganic compounds in terms of fundamental concepts of perodicity of properties, valence, ionization potential, electron affinity, electronegativity, stability of oxidation states, bonding, structure and stereochemistry. Coordination complexes and organometallic chemistry. Prerequisite: CHEM 122. Corequisite: students who expect to take further courses in inorganic chemistry should take the laboratory course CHEM 236 concurrently with 230. Quantitative.
Section  Instructor  Day/Time  Location 

D100 
John Canal 
Tu, Th 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM 
AQ 5037, Burnaby 
An introduction to the synthetic and spectroscopic techniques used in the preparation and characterization of both main group and transition metal compounds. Prerequisite: CHEM 122 and 126. Corequisite: CHEM 230. Students with credit for CHEM 236 may not take this course for further credit. Writing/Quantitative.
Section  Instructor  Day/Time  Location 

D101 
John Canal 
Tu 9:30 AM – 10:20 AM 
AQ 5005, Burnaby 
D102 
John Canal 
Th 9:30 AM – 10:20 AM 
AQ 5005, Burnaby 
LA01 
John Canal 
Tu 1:30 PM – 5:20 PM 
SSB 8148, Burnaby 
LA02 
John Canal 
Th 1:30 PM – 5:20 PM 
SSB 8148, Burnaby 
Fundamental principles of experimental physical chemistry from the microscopic perspective. Modern experiments in atomic and molecular spectroscopy and structure. Prerequisite: CHEM 260: Atoms, Molecules, Spectroscopy.
Structure, bonding, physical and chemical properties of simple organic compounds. Introduction to spectroscopy. Kinetics and mechanisms of organic reactions. This course includes a laboratory component. Prerequisite: CHEM 121. Corequisite: CHEM 122. Quantitative.
Section  Instructor  Day/Time  Location 

D100 
Nabyl Merbouh 
Mo, We, Fr 10:30 AM – 11:20 AM 
SSCB 9201, Burnaby 
D101 

We 9:30 AM – 10:20 AM 
AQ 5007, Burnaby 
D102 

We 11:30 AM – 12:20 PM 
AQ 5008, Burnaby 
D103 

Th 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM 
WMC 2507, Burnaby 
D104 

Th 2:30 PM – 3:20 PM 
WMC 2507, Burnaby 
D105 

Th 3:30 PM – 4:20 PM 
WMC 2507, Burnaby 
D106 

Fr 9:30 AM – 10:20 AM 
WMC 2503, Burnaby 
D107 

Fr 11:30 AM – 12:20 PM 
AQ 5008, Burnaby 
LA04 
Nabyl Merbouh 
We 1:30 PM – 5:20 PM 
SSB 8120, Burnaby 
LA05 
Nabyl Merbouh 
Th 8:30 AM – 12:20 PM 
SSB 8120, Burnaby 
LB04 
Nabyl Merbouh 
We 1:30 PM – 5:20 PM 
SSB 8120, Burnaby 
LB05 
Nabyl Merbouh 
Th 8:30 AM – 12:20 PM 
SSB 8120, Burnaby 
LE01 

TBD 
Rectangular, cylindrical and spherical coordinates. Vectors, lines, planes, cylinders, quadric surfaces. Vector functions, curves, motion in space. Differential and integral calculus of several variables. Vector fields, line integrals, fundamental theorem for line integrals, Green's theorem. Prerequisite: MATH 152; or MATH 155 or MATH 158 with a grade of at least B. Recommended: It is recommended that MATH 240 or 232 be taken before or concurrently with MATH 251. Quantitative.
Section  Instructor  Day/Time  Location 

D100 
Justin Gray 
Mo, We, Fr 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM 
SSCC 9001, Burnaby 
OP01 

TBD 
Vector calculus, divergence, gradient and curl; line, surface and volume integrals; conservative fields, theorems of Gauss, Green and Stokes; general curvilinear coordinates and tensor notation. Introduction to orthogonality of functions, orthogonal polynomials and Fourier series. Prerequisite: MATH 240 or 232, and 251. MATH 240 or 232 may be taken concurrently. Students with credit for MATH 254 may not take MATH 252 for further credit. Quantitative.
Introduction to experimental physics with an emphasis on measurement and experimental design. Includes elementary experiments in mechanics designed to support and enrich conceptual learning. Corequisite: PHYS 120 or 125. Students with credit for PHYS 130, 131, or 140 may not take PHYS 132 for further credit. Quantitative.
Introduction to experimental physics with an emphasis on measurement and experimental design. Includes elementary experiments in electromagnetism and optics designed to support and enrich conceptual learning. Prerequisite: PHYS 132 or 140 or ENSC 120 (no substitutions). Corequisite: PHYS 121 or 126. Students with credit for PHYS 130, 131, or 141 may not take PHYS 133 for further credit. Quantitative.
A seminar to expose students majoring in any Physics program to opportunities available with a physics degree. Seminar will include invited speakers, group discussions, and student presentations on topics including modern physics research, industrial physics, career opportunities, and communication and other professional skills. May be repeated once for credit. Graded as pass/fail (P/F). Prerequisite: PHYS 121 or 126 or PHYS 141, (or PHYS 102 with a minimum grade of B).
An intermediate mechanics course covering kinematics, dynamics, calculus of variations and Lagrange's equations, noninertial reference frames, central forces and orbits, and rigid body motion. Prerequisite: PHYS 126 or 121 or 141, with a minimum grade of C (or PHYS 102 with a minimum grade of B). Corequisite: MATH 251; MATH 232 or 240. Recommended: MATH 310 and PHYS 255. Quantitative.
The physics of vibrations and waves. Topics include periodic motion, including free and forced oscillations, coupled oscillators, normal modes, and waves in one and higher dimensions. Prerequisite: PHYS 126 or 121 or 141 with a minimum C grade; or PHYS 101 and 102 with a grade of B or better. Corequisite: MATH 251; MATH 232 or 240. Recommended concurrent: PHYS 211 and MATH 310. Quantitative.
and one of
Atomic and molecular structure; chemical bonding; thermochemistry; elements; periodic table; gases liquids, solids, and solutions. This course includes a laboratory component. Prerequisite: BC high school chemistry 12 or CHEM 109 or CHEM 111. Students may not count both CHEM 120 and 121 for credit. Quantitative/BreadthScience.
Section  Instructor  Day/Time  Location 

D100 

Mo, We, Fr 10:30 AM – 11:20 AM 
SSCB 9200, Burnaby 
D101 

Tu 9:30 AM – 10:20 AM 
AQ 5007, Burnaby 
D102 

Tu 10:30 AM – 11:20 AM 
AQ 5007, Burnaby 
D103 

Tu 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM 
AQ 5007, Burnaby 
D104 

Tu 2:30 PM – 3:20 PM 
BLU 10655, Burnaby 
D105 

Fr 9:30 AM – 10:20 AM 
AQ 5039, Burnaby 
D106 

Fr 11:30 AM – 12:20 PM 
WMC 2503, Burnaby 
D107 

Fr 12:30 PM – 1:20 PM 
AQ 5005, Burnaby 
D108 

Fr 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM 
AQ 5008, Burnaby 
D200 
James Zhou 
Tu 10:30 AM – 11:20 AM Th 9:30 AM – 11:20 AM 
SUR 5280, Surrey SUR 5280, Surrey 
D201 

Th 11:30 AM – 12:20 PM 
SUR 2750, Surrey 
D202 

Th 12:30 PM – 1:20 PM 
SUR 2750, Surrey 
D203 

Th 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM 
SUR 2750, Surrey 
LA04 
Sessional 
We 1:30 PM – 5:20 PM 
SSCC 7079, Burnaby 
LA06 
Sessional 
Th 1:30 PM – 5:20 PM 
SSCC 7079, Burnaby 
LB04 
Sessional 
We 1:30 PM – 5:20 PM 
SSCC 7079, Burnaby 
LB06 
Sessional 
Th 1:30 PM – 5:20 PM 
SSCC 7079, Burnaby 
LC01 
James Zhou 
Tu 1:30 PM – 5:20 PM 
SUR 2780, Surrey 
LE01 

TBD  
LE02 

TBD 
An enriched chemistry course, covering atomic and molecular structure; chemical bonding; thermochemistry; elements; periodic table; gases, liquids, solids, and solutions, focusing on current chemistry research and applications. The topics will be covered with more sophistication than in other 1st year chemistry courses, and thus a thorough mastery of highschool chemistry will be assumed. This course includes a laboratory component. Prerequisite: By permission of the Department. BC high school chemistry 12 or CHEM 111. Students may not count more than one of CHEM 120, 121 or 123 for credit. Recommended: MATH 125 (or 151 or 154) and PHYS 125 (or 120 or 101) as a corequisite. Quantitative.
and one of
Chemical equilibria; electrochemistry; chemical thermodynamics; kinetics. Students who intend to take further laboratory courses in chemistry should take CHEM 122 concurrently with CHEM 126. Prerequisite: CHEM 121 or 120. Recommended: MATH 152 (or 155) and PHYS 121 (or 102) as a corequisite. Quantitative.
Section  Instructor  Day/Time  Location 

D100 
Hogan Yu 
Mo, We, Fr 12:30 PM – 1:20 PM 
SSCB 9201, Burnaby 
D101 

We 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM 
BLU 10031, Burnaby 
D102 

We 2:30 PM – 3:20 PM 
BLU 10655, Burnaby 
D103 

We 3:30 PM – 4:20 PM 
AQ 5030, Burnaby 
D104 

We 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM 
AQ 5039, Burnaby 
D105 

Fr 11:30 AM – 12:20 PM 
AQ 5030, Burnaby 
D106 

Fr 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM 
AQ 5007, Burnaby 
D107 

Fr 2:30 PM – 3:20 PM 
AQ 5007, Burnaby 
An enriched chemistry course, covering chemical equilibria; electrochemistry; chemical thermodynamics; kinetics, energy and nuclear science, focusing on current chemistry research and applications. The topics will be covered with more sophistication than in other 1st year chemistry courses, and thus a thorough mastery of highschool chemistry will be assumed. Prerequisite: CHEM 123; or CHEM 121 (or 120) and permission of the Department. Students may not count more than one of CHEM 122 or 124 for credit. Corequisite: Students who intend to take further laboratory courses in chemistry should take CHEM 124 concurrently with CHEM 126. Recommended: MATH 126 (or 152 or 155) and PHYS 126 (or 121 or 102) as a corequisite. Quantitative.
and one of
Review of limits and differentiation. Complex numbers and link to polar coordinates. Mathematics of kinematics, including vectors and parametrics curves. Area and Riemann sums. Definite and indefinite integration. Fundamental Theorems of Calculus. Techniques of integration and approximation of integrals. Series and tests of convergence. Taylor series. Solution of first and constantcoefficient second order ODE. Prerequisite: MATH 150 or MATH 151 or MATH 154 with a grade of at least B or IB Mathematics HL with a score of 6 or better or AP Calculus AB or BC with a grade of at least 4, or BC Calculus 12 and a pass on the Calculus Challenge Exam. And Permission of the Department. Recommended corequisite: Physics 125.
Designed for students specializing in mathematics, physics, chemistry, computing science and engineering. Topics as for Math 151 with a more extensive review of functions, their properties and their graphs. Recommended for students with no previous knowledge of Calculus. In addition to regularly scheduled lectures, students enrolled in this course are encouraged to come for assistance to the Calculus Workshop (Burnaby), or Math Open Lab (Surrey). Prerequisite: PreCalculus 12 (or equivalent) with a grade of at least B+, or MATH 100 with a grade of at least B, or achieving a satisfactory grade on the Simon Fraser University Calculus Readiness Test. Students with credit for either MATH 151, 154 or 157 may not take MATH 150 for further credit. Quantitative.
Section  Instructor  Day/Time  Location 

C100  Distance Education  
D100 
Yusuf Tuncer 
Mo, Tu, We, Fr 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM 
SWH 10041, Burnaby 
OP01 

TBD 
Designed for students specializing in mathematics, physics, chemistry, computing science and engineering. Logarithmic and exponential functions, trigonometric functions, inverse functions. Limits, continuity, and derivatives. Techniques of differentiation, including logarithmic and implicit differentiation. The Mean Value Theorem. Applications of differentiation including extrema, curve sketching, Newton's method. Introduction to modeling with differential equations. Polar coordinates, parametric curves. Prerequisite: PreCalculus 12 (or equivalent) with a grade of at least A, or MATH 100 with a grade of at least B, or achieving a satisfactory grade on the Simon Fraser University Calculus Readiness Test. Students with credit for either MATH 150, 154 or 157 may not take MATH 151 for further credit. Quantitative.
and one of
Partial differentiation and applications. Taylor series of functions of two variables. Method of characteristics for 1D transport and wave equations. Similarity solutions including plane waves, traveling waves and scaling solutions, with applications in the physical sciences. Introduction to vector calculus, including differentiation, decompositions via potentials. Curvilinear coordinate systems. Multivariate integration, including Green's, the Stokes and the Divergence theorem. Introduction to abstract vector spaces. Linear independence. Inner products and orthogonality. Fourier Series. Prerequisite: A grade of C+ or higher in Math 125 or Math 152. And Permission of the Department. Recommended corequisite: Physics 126.
Riemann sum, Fundamental Theorem of Calculus, definite, indefinite and improper integrals, approximate integration, integration techniques, applications of integration. Firstorder separable differential equations and growth models. Sequences and series, series tests, power series, convergence and applications of power series. Prerequisite: MATH 150 or 151; or MATH 154 or 157 with a grade of at least B. Students with credit for MATH 155 or 158 may not take this course for further credit. Quantitative.
Section  Instructor  Day/Time  Location 

D100 
Veselin Jungic 
Mo, We, Fr 8:30 AM – 9:20 AM 
SSCC 9001, Burnaby 
OP01 

TBD 
and one of
Linear equations, matrices, determinants. Introduction to vector spaces and linear transformations and bases. Complex numbers. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors; diagonalization. Inner products and orthogonality; least squares problems. An emphasis on applications involving matrix and vector calculations. Prerequisite: MATH 150 or 151; or MACM 101; or MATH 154 or 157, both with a grade of at least B. Students with credit for MATH 240 make not take this course for further credit. Quantitative.
Section  Instructor  Day/Time  Location 

D200 
JF Williams 
Mo, We, Fr 2:30 PM – 3:20 PM 
SUR 2600, Surrey 
OP01 

TBD 
Linear equations, matrices, determinants. Real and abstract vector spaces, subspaces and linear transformations; basis and change of basis. Complex numbers. Eigenvalues and eigenvectors; diagonalization. Inner products and orthogonality; least squares problems. Applications. Subject is presented with an abstract emphasis and includes proofs of the basic theorems. Prerequisite: MATH 150 or 151; or MACM 101; or MATH 154 or 157, both with a grade of at least B. Students with credit for MATH 232 cannot take this course for further credit. Quantitative.
Section  Instructor  Day/Time  Location 

D100 
Nils Bruin 
Mo, We, Fr 11:30 AM – 12:20 PM 
WMC 3260, Burnaby 
OPO1 

TBD 
and one of
Special relativity, including relativistic kinematics and dynamics; tests of relativity; matter waves and early quantum models; wave mechanics and its application to molecular, atomic and subatomic systems. Prerequisite: PHYS 255, with a minimum grade of C. Quantitative.
and one of
A general calculusbased introduction to mechanics. Topics include translational and rotational motion, momentum, energy, gravitation, and selected topics in modern physics. Prerequisite: BC Principles of Physics 12 or PHYS 100 or equivalent, with a minimum grade of C. This prerequisite may be waived, at the discretion of the department, as determined by the student's performance on a regularly scheduled PHYS 100 final exam. Please consult the physics advisor for further details. Corequisite: MATH 150 or 151 or 154 must precede or be taken concurrently. Students with credit for PHYS 101, 125 or 140 may not take this course for further credit. Quantitative/BreadthScience.
An enriched course in mechanics for students with good preparation in physics and mathematics. Special relativity and classical topics such as translational and rotational dynamics and conservation laws will be given a much more sophisticated treatment than in our other firstyear courses. Prerequisite: Permission of the department. Corequisite: MATH 125 or MATH 151. Students with credit for PHYS 101, 120 or PHYS 140 may not take PHYS 125 for further credit. Quantitative.
A general calculusbased introduction to mechanics taught in an integrated lecturelaboratory environment. Topics include translational and rotational motion, momentum, energy, gravitation, and selected topics in modern physics. Prerequisite: BC Principles of Physics 12, or PHYS 100 or equivalent, with a minimum grade of C. Corequisite: MATH 150 or 151 or 154 must precede or be taken concurrently. Students with credit for PHYS 125 or 120 or 101 may not take this course for further credit. Quantitative/BreadthScience.
and one of
A general calculusbased introduction to electricity, magnetism and optics. Topics include electricity, magnetism, simple circuits, optics and topics from applied physics. Prerequisite: PHYS 120 or 125 or 140 (or PHYS 101 with a grade of A or B). Corequisite: MATH 152 or 155 must precede or be taken concurrently. Students with credit for PHYS 102, 126 or 141 may not take this course for further credit. Quantitative/BreadthScience.
Section  Instructor  Day/Time  Location 

D100 
Michael Chen 
Mo, Fr 9:30 AM – 10:20 AM We 9:30 AM – 10:20 AM 
AQ 3181, Burnaby AQ 3181, Burnaby 
D101 

We 12:30 PM – 1:20 PM 
AQ 5006, Burnaby 
D102 

We 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM 
AQ 5007, Burnaby 
D103 

We 2:30 PM – 3:20 PM 
AQ 5007, Burnaby 
D104 

We 3:30 PM – 4:20 PM 
AQ 5007, Burnaby 
D105 

Th 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM 
AQ 5006, Burnaby 
D106 

Th 2:30 PM – 3:20 PM 
AQ 5007, Burnaby 
D107 

Th 3:30 PM – 4:20 PM 
AQ 5005, Burnaby 
An enriched course in electromagnetism for students with good preparation in physics and mathematics. Classical topics such as waves, electricity and magnetism, as well as wave particle duality and the birth of Quantum Mechanics, will be given a much more sophisticated treatment than in our other first year courses. Prerequisite: PHYS 125 and permission of the department. Corequisite: MATH 126 or MATH 152. Students with credit in PHYS 102, 121 or 141 may not take this course for further credit. Quantitative.
A general calculusbased introduction to electricity, magnetism and optics taught in an integrated lecturelaboratory environment. Topics include electricity, magnetism, simple circuits, optics and topics from applied physics. Prerequisite: PHYS 120 or PHYS 125 or PHYS 140, with a minimum grade of C (or PHYS 101 with a minimum grade of B). Corequisite: MATH 152 or 155 must precede or be taken concurrently. Students with credit for PHYS 126 or 121 or 102 may not take this course for further credit. Quantitative/BreadthScience.
* students with credit for PHYS 140 and 141 are not required to complete PHYS 132 or 133
+ recommended
Upper Division Requirements
Students complete a minimum total of 40 units, including all of
Bonding in solid state materials. Introduction to symmetry and its applications in materials science. Structure and physical properties of solid state materials. Prerequisite: Completion of 60 units in a science or applied science program, including first year chemistry, physics and calculus. CHEM 230 is strongly recommended. Quantitative.
Firstorder differential equations, second and higherorder linear equations, series solutions, introduction to Laplace transform, systems and numerical methods, applications in the physical, biological and social sciences. Prerequisite: MATH 152; or MATH 155/158 with a grade of at least B, MATH 232 or 240. Quantitative.
Section  Instructor  Day/Time  Location 

D100 
Justin Gray 
Mo, We, Fr 12:30 PM – 1:20 PM 
SSCB 9200, Burnaby 
D101 

We 2:30 PM – 3:20 PM 
WMC 2830, Burnaby 
D102 

We 3:30 PM – 4:20 PM 
WMC 2830, Burnaby 
D103 

We 4:30 PM – 5:20 PM 
WMC 2830, Burnaby 
D104 

Th 11:30 AM – 12:20 PM 
WMC 2830, Burnaby 
D105 

Th 12:30 PM – 1:20 PM 
WMC 2830, Burnaby 
D106 

Th 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM 
WMC 2830, Burnaby 
D107 

We 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM 
WMC 2830, Burnaby 
D108 

Th 10:30 AM – 11:20 AM 
WMC 2830, Burnaby 
D109 

Mo 4:30 PM – 5:20 PM 
AQ 5005, Burnaby 
Development and application of Maxwell's equations in vector differential form. Notation and theorems of vector calculus; electric charge, fields, potentials, capacitance and field energy; conductors; methods for solving electrostatic problems; electric fields in matter; electrical current and the magnetic field; Ampere's law and the vector potential; magnetic fields in matter; electromotive force, electrical resistance, Faraday's law and inductance; Maxwell's correction to Ampere's law and electromagnetic waves. Prerequisite: PHYS 121 or 126 or 141 (or PHYS 102 with a minimum grade of B); MATH 252 or 254; MATH 310, with a minimum grade of C. Students with credit for PHYS 221 may not take this course for further credit. Quantitative.
and one of
Experiments in optics and modern physics, including diffraction, interference, spectroscopy, lasers and holography. Engineering Science students will do a selected set of experiments. Prerequisite: Either PHYS 233 or both (PHYS 231 and CHEM 266) and either PHYS 285 or CHEM 260 all with a minimum grade of C. Students with credit for PHYS 332 may not take this course for further credit. Writing/Quantitative.
and one of
and one of
and one of
Fundamentals of quantum mechanics and its principal results and techniques as applied to atoms and molecules: atomic structure, molecular bonding, rotations and vibrations of molecules, symmetry of atomic and molecular orbitals. Prerequisite: CHEM 260, MATH 232, 251; or PHYS 385. Recommended: MATH 310. Students with credit for CHEM 469 may not take this course for further credit. Quantitative.
Wave mechanics and the Schroedinger equation, the harmonic oscillator, introduction to Dirac notation, angular momentum and spin, the hydrogen atom, atomic structure, timeindependent perturbation theory, atomic spectra, and applications. Prerequisite: MATH 252 or 254; PHYS 285 or ENSC 380 or CHEM 260, with a minimum grade of C. Corequisite: PHYS 211; MATH 310. Quantitative.
and upper division chemistry, nuclear science or physics units chosen to total the number of upper division units to 40, and maintain a minimum of 15 upper division units in both chemistry and physics. A maximum of 6 units from the research courses CHEM 481, 483 and 484 and PHYS 432 may be used to satisfy the aforementioned 15 units of upper division credit.
University Degree Requirements
Students must also satisfy University degree requirements for degree completion.
Writing, Quantitative, and Breadth Requirements
Students admitted to Simon Fraser University beginning in the fall 2006 term must meet writing, quantitative and breadth requirements as part of any degree program they may undertake. See Writing, Quantitative, and Breadth Requirements for universitywide information.
WQB Graduation Requirements
A grade of C or better is required to earn W, Q or B credit
Requirement 
Units 
Notes  
W  Writing 
6 
Must include at least one upper division course, taken at Simon Fraser University within the student’s major subject  
Q  Quantitative 
6 
Q courses may be lower or upper division  
B  Breadth 
18 
Designated Breadth  Must be outside the student’s major subject, and may be lower or upper division 6 units Social Sciences: BSoc 6 units Humanities: BHum 6 units Sciences: BSci 
6 
Additional Breadth  6 units outside the student’s major subject (may or may not be Bdesignated courses, and will likely help fulfil individual degree program requirements) Students choosing to complete a joint major, joint honours, double major, two extended minors, an extended minor and a minor, or two minors may satisfy the breadth requirements (designated or not designated) with courses completed in either one or both program areas. 
Residency Requirements and Transfer Credit
 At least half of the program's total units must be earned through Simon Fraser University study.
 At least two thirds of the program's total upper division units must be earned through Simon Fraser University study.
Elective Courses
In addition to the courses listed above, students should consult an academic advisor to plan the remaining required elective courses.