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Department of Geography | Faculty of Environment Simon Fraser University Calendar | Fall 2019

Global Environmental Systems Major

Bachelor of Environment

Environmental issues facing society are complex and interdisciplinary in nature. The major in Global Environmental Systems will produce graduates knowledgeable of climate change, carbon cycles and other dimensions of global environmental change, and able to support environmental decision making with an understanding of the complexity of and interplay between socio-economic and biophysical systems at the global scale. Students will have a basic understanding of modeling, geospatial, and other analytical methods and tools, and the ability to communicate the information gained thereby. Building upon a core in the social and natural sciences, students will have a solid grounding in earth systems, the global scale, and quantitative analysis. They will have the abilities to support decision-making involving multiple systems, and to communicate scientific and technical information to a variety of audiences. The GES major is designed to provide a foundation for post-graduate education in a range of environmental disciplines that use and interpret models for understanding and prediction of global environmental change.

This major takes full advantage of the expertise existing across FENV units and include the core requirements, both lower division and upper division, characteristic of all BEnv majors. It requires an interdisciplinary core of courses from the social and natural sciences and foundational knowledge of quantitative and geospatial methods. Students seeking the GES major will be required to complete more advanced methodology courses as well as six upper-division courses in environmental systems, both social and biophysical, and a capstone course that brings these streams together.

Minimum Grades

The minimum cumulative grade point average (CGPA) for continuation and graduation is 2.00.

Program Requirements

Students complete 120 units, as specified below. Additional upper division units will be required to total a minimum of 45 upper division units. Visit the program overview for a suggested course sequence.

Lower Division Requirements

Students complete all of

GEOG 100 - Our World: Introducing Human Geography (3)

A geographical introduction to how humans shape our world, with attention also given to how it shapes us. Themes may include: culture, economic activities, environmental change, globalization, politics, population, resources, and urbanization. Breadth-Social Sciences.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Jason Young
We 2:30 PM – 5:20 PM
WMC 3520, Burnaby
D200 Jason Young
Tu 2:30 PM – 5:20 PM
SUR 3090, Surrey
GEOG 111 - Earth Systems (3)

An introduction to landforms, climates, soils and vegetation; their origins, distributions, interrelationships and roles in the ecosystem. Laboratory work and field trips are included. Breadth-Science.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Tara Holland
Tu 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
SSCB 9201, Burnaby
D101
Tu 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
WMC 2523, Burnaby
D102
Tu 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
AQ 5009, Burnaby
D103
Tu 4:30 PM – 6:20 PM
BLU 11911, Burnaby
D104
Th 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
SWH 10075, Burnaby
D105
We 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
WMC 2531, Burnaby
D106
We 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
RCB 5125, Burnaby
D107
We 4:30 PM – 6:20 PM
AQ 2122, Burnaby
D108
Th 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
BLU 11911, Burnaby
D109
Th 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
SECB 1011, Burnaby
D110
Fr 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
RCB 7101, Burnaby
GEOG 214 - Weather and Climate (3)

An examination of the basic principles and processes governing the Earth's weather and climate. Topics include: radiation, greenhouse effect, clouds, precipitation, atmospheric circulation, mid-latitude cyclones, tropical storms, climate change. Prerequisite: GEOG 111. Quantitative.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Wolf Read
Th 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
AQ 3003, Burnaby
D101
Th 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
SECB 1013, Burnaby
D102
Th 4:30 PM – 6:20 PM
SECB 1013, Burnaby
D103
Fr 8:30 AM – 10:20 AM
RCB 7102, Burnaby
GEOG 215 - Biogeography (3)

An introduction to the planetary biosphere, its living organisms, and their interactions with each other and the Earth system. Prerequisite: GEOG 111.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Andres Varhola
Tu 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
AQ 3159, Burnaby
D101
We 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
BLU 11901, Burnaby
D102
We 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
AQ 5020, Burnaby
D103
We 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
WMC 2523, Burnaby
D104
Th 8:30 AM – 10:20 AM
RCB 5125, Burnaby
GEOG 255 - Geographical Information Science I (3)

A basic overview of Geographical Information Systems and Science; GIS software, hardware, data structures and models; spatial data, operations and algorithms; practical applications and limitations. Prerequisite: GEOG 100 or 111 or permission of instructor. Students with credit for GEOG 354 may not take this course for further credit. Quantitative.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Nicholas Hedley
We 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
AQ 3149, Burnaby
D101
We 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
AQ 2109, Burnaby
D102
We 4:30 PM – 6:20 PM
AQ 2109, Burnaby
D104
Th 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
AQ 2111, Burnaby
REM 221 - Systems Thinking and the Environment (3)

Introduces systems thinking in the context of environmental and sustainability challenges using system archetypes and system dynamics theory. Analytical and modeling techniques are applied to understand and project systems complexity. Prerequisite: One of REM 100, or GEOG 100 or 111, or EVSC 100. Students with credit for ENV 221 may not take this course for further credit. Quantitative.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Steve Conrad
Mo 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
RCB 6125, Burnaby
D101
We 9:30 AM – 10:20 AM
AQ 3148.1, Burnaby
D102
We 10:30 AM – 11:20 AM
AQ 3148.2, Burnaby
GEOG 266W - Geography in Practice (3)

An introduction to what geographers do in applied contexts, how geographic concepts relate to applied skills, and how to communicate what geography is and why geographical approaches are useful. The course will emphasize written and oral communication skills through regular writing assignments, feedback, and direct engagement with professional geographers. Prerequisite: One of: GEOG 100, GEOG 102, GEOG 104, GEOG 111. Writing.

and one of

EVSC 100 - Introduction to Environmental Science (3)

Introduces students to the study of environmental science. Lecture material spans contributing disciplines, emphasizing integration of diverse concepts to understand environmental problems. Tutorials develop core academic skills in environmental science context. Students who have completed EVSC 200 may not complete this course for further credit. Breadth-Science.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Marnie Branfireun
Th 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
SUR 5240, Surrey
D101 Marnie Branfireun
Th 12:30 PM – 1:20 PM
SUR 3010, Surrey
D102 Marnie Branfireun
Th 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM
SUR 3010, Surrey
D103 Marnie Branfireun
Th 2:30 PM – 3:20 PM
SUR 3010, Surrey
D300 Tara Holland
Tu 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
SWH 10041, Burnaby
D301
Tu 4:30 PM – 5:20 PM
BLU 10901, Burnaby
D302
Tu 4:30 PM – 5:20 PM
AQ 5025, Burnaby
D304
Tu 5:30 PM – 6:20 PM
AQ 5027, Burnaby
D305
Tu 5:30 PM – 6:20 PM
AQ 5025, Burnaby
D306
We 10:30 AM – 11:20 AM
TASC2 7440, Burnaby
D307
We 11:30 AM – 12:20 PM
TASC2 7440, Burnaby
D308
We 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM
RCB 7101, Burnaby
GEOG 104 - Climate Change, Water, and Society (3)

An examination of climate change, its interaction with water availability, and how humans cope with these altered circumstances. Students who have completed GEOG 102 prior to the fall 2011 term may not complete this course for further credit. Breadth-Social Sci/Science.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Tara Holland
We 9:30 AM – 12:20 PM
SUR 5140, Surrey
J100 Tara Holland
Tu 5:30 PM – 8:20 PM
HCC 1600, Vancouver
REM 100 - Global Change (3)

This course provides students with an overview of global environmental change and its causes from a social science perspective, historically and at the present time. Population growth, an increasing ecological footprint and changes in ideology, social organization, economy and technology will be critically reviewed. New ways of thinking in natural and social science will be considered in relation to specific issues such as land, soil and food; energy, raw materials and solid waste; air pollution and transportation; water, oceans and fisheries; climate change; forestry and biodiversity; urbanization, and alternative futures. Breadth-Social Sciences.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
C100 Distance Education
D100 Pascal Haegeli
Mo, We 9:30 AM – 10:20 AM
WMC 3520, Burnaby
D101
Mo 8:30 AM – 9:20 AM
AQ 5017, Burnaby
D102
Mo 10:30 AM – 11:20 AM
AQ 5017, Burnaby
D103
Mo 11:30 AM – 12:20 PM
AQ 5036, Burnaby
D104
Mo 2:30 PM – 3:20 PM
AQ 5025, Burnaby
D105
Mo 3:30 PM – 4:20 PM
WMC 3251, Burnaby
D107
Tu 9:30 AM – 10:20 AM
AQ 5051, Burnaby
D108
Tu 10:30 AM – 11:20 AM
WMC 3513, Burnaby
D109
Tu 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM
WMC 2522, Burnaby
D110
Tu 3:30 PM – 4:20 PM
WMC 3515, Burnaby

and one of

GEOG 251 - Quantitative Geography (3)

An introduction to basic quantitative techniques for the collection of geographic data. Topics include describing data, gathering samples, theoretical distributions, linking samples and populations, testing significance, and exploring spatial relationships all within practical, real-world application contexts. Prerequisite: GEOG 100 or 111. Quantitative.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Shivanand Balram
Mo 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
RCB 8100, Burnaby
D101
Tu 8:30 AM – 10:20 AM
AQ 2111, Burnaby
D102
Tu 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
AQ 2111, Burnaby
D103
Tu 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
AQ 2111, Burnaby
STAT 201 - Statistics for the Life Sciences (3)

Research methodology and associated statistical analysis techniques for students with training in the life sciences. Intended to be particularly accessible to students who are not specializing in Statistics. Prerequisite: Recommended: 30 units. Students cannot obtain credit for STAT 201 if they already have credit for - or are taking concurrently - STAT 101, 203, 205, 285, or any upper division STAT course. Quantitative.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
C100 Distance Education
D100 Jorge Rodriguez
Mo, We, Fr 2:30 PM – 3:20 PM
SSCB 9200, Burnaby
OP01
TBD
STAT 203 - Introduction to Statistics for the Social Sciences (3)

Descriptive and inferential statistics aimed at students in the social sciences. Scales of measurement. Descriptive statistics. Measures of association. Hypothesis tests and confidence intervals. Students in Sociology and Anthropology are expected to take SA 255 before this course. Intended to be particularly accessible to students who are not specializing in Statistics. Prerequisite: Recommended: 30 units including a research methods course such as SA 255, CRIM 220, POL 200, or equivalent. Students cannot obtain credit for STAT 203 if they already have credit for - or are taking concurrently - STAT 101, 201, 205, 285, or any upper division STAT course. Quantitative.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
C100 Distance Education
D900 Gaitri Yapa
Tu 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM
Th 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
SUR 3090, Surrey
SUR 3090, Surrey
OP09
TBD
STAT 205 - Introduction to Statistics (3)

The collection, description, analysis and summary of data, including the concepts of frequency distribution, parameter estimation and hypothesis testing. Intended to be particularly accessible to students who are not specializing in Statistics. Prerequisite: Recommended: 30 units. Students cannot obtain credit for STAT 205 if they already have credit for - or are taking concurrently - STAT 101, 201, 203, 285, or any upper division STAT course. Quantitative.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Jorge Rodriguez
Mo, We, Fr 9:30 AM – 10:20 AM
AQ 5030, Burnaby
OP01
TBD

and one of

ARCH 286 - Cultural Heritage Management (4)

Examines cultural heritage management as the universal process by which people use places, objects and traditions from the past to educate, entertain, profit, promote change, maintain status quo, create identities, and build communities and nations. The course presents archaeology as one aspect of cultural heritage management and as an activity governed by national laws and international conventions for protecting and making appropriate use of heritage. Using case studies from Canada and abroad, the course explores stewardship as a fundamental professional ethic in archaeology and other fields engaged in studying, applying, and safeguarding personal, familial, communal, national, and transnational heritage. Prerequisite: 30 units including one of ARCH 100, ARCH 201, GEOG 100 or REM 100. Breadth-Humanities.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 John Welch
Tu 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
Th 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
SWH 9152, Burnaby
SWH 9152, Burnaby
FNST 101 - Introduction to First Nations Studies (3)

Introduces the nature and goals of First Nations Studies as an academic discipline that emphasizes cultures and homelands of First Peoples. Breadth-Humanities/Social Sciences.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
C100 Distance Education
D100 Joyce Schneider
Tu 2:30 PM – 5:20 PM
AQ 3005, Burnaby
D200 Natahnee Winder
Mo 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
We 12:30 PM – 1:20 PM
SWH 9095, Burnaby
SWH 9095, Burnaby
D900 Bryan Myles
Th 2:30 PM – 5:20 PM
SUR 5320, Surrey
J100 June Scudeler
Mo 5:30 PM – 8:20 PM
HCC 2205, Vancouver
P100 Natahnee Winder
Mo 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
We 12:30 PM – 1:20 PM
SWH 9095, Burnaby
SWH 9095, Burnaby
FNST 286 - Indigenous Peoples and British Columbia: An Introduction (3)

Study of Indigenous peoples of BC and effects of historical and political processes on their livelihoods and homelands. Overview of indigeneity and connection to urbanization. Examines linguistic diversity and endangered state of BC First Nations languages; Indigenous ethnography; land rights movement; traditional cultural practices/beliefs; and social, educational and economic disparity. Prerequisite: Recommended: FNST 101. Students who have taken SA 286 previously may not take this course for further credit.

and one of

GEOG 221 - Economic Worlds (3)

The fundamentals of economics geography, the study of the forces that shape the arrangement of economic activity in the real world. Prerequisite: GEOG 100. Breadth-Social Sciences.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Rosemary-Claire Collard
Tu 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
WMC 2202, Burnaby
D101
Tu 2:30 PM – 3:20 PM
AQ 5051, Burnaby
D102
Tu 3:30 PM – 4:20 PM
AQ 5048, Burnaby
D103
Tu 4:30 PM – 5:20 PM
SWH 10075, Burnaby
GEOG 241 - People, Place, Society (3)

An introduction to key concepts and contexts in contemporary geographical approaches to social practices, meanings, and struggles. Prerequisite: GEOG 100. Breadth-Social Sciences.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Margaret Ramirez
Th 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
AQ 3159, Burnaby
D101
Th 12:30 PM – 1:20 PM
BLU 11901, Burnaby
D102
Th 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM
BLU 11901, Burnaby
D103
Th 2:30 PM – 3:20 PM
BLU 11901, Burnaby
GEOG 261 - Encountering the City (3)

An introduction to key concepts and themes in contemporary geographical approaches to cities and urbanization. Prerequisite: GEOG 100 or 102. Breadth-Social Sciences.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Eugene McCann
Fr 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
HCC 1415, Vancouver
D101
Fr 12:30 PM – 1:20 PM
HCC 2540, Vancouver
D102
Fr 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM
HCC 2540, Vancouver

Upper Division Requirements

Students complete all of

GEOG 314 - The Climate System (4)

A survey of the climate system, with emphasis on the interactions among its components; radiation, energy and water balances; climate sensitivity and feedbacks; natural and anthropogenic climate change; climate models. Prerequisite: GEOG 214. Recommended: MATH 151 and 152 or MATH 154 and 155 or MATH 157 and 158. Quantitative.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Kirsten Zickfeld
Tu 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
WMC 2200, Burnaby
D101
Tu 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
AQ 2109, Burnaby
D102
We 8:30 AM – 10:20 AM
AQ 2109, Burnaby
D103
We 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
AQ 2109, Burnaby
GEOG 355 - Geographical Information Science II (4)

An examination of technical components of GIS. Topics include spatial representations, generalization and data management; computational algebra and set theory; digital surfaces and terrain models. Prerequisite: GEOG 255. Quantitative.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Yuhao Lu
Mo 8:30 AM – 10:20 AM
SECB 1014, Burnaby
D101
Mo 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
AQ 2109, Burnaby
D102
Mo 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
AQ 2109, Burnaby
D103
Mo 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
AQ 2109, Burnaby
GEOG 389W - Nature and Society (4)

Examines the relationship between nature and society, covering the dominant geographical approaches to human-environment interaction, and their social, spatial, and political economic effects. Prerequisite: At least 45 units, including GEOG 100 or REM 100. Writing.

Biophysical Systems (choose two)

ARCH 388 - Geoarchaeology (5)

This course introduces the concept of archaeological sites as active constituents in natural Quaternary land-forming and land-altering systems. Lectures will focus on all processes which may have contributed to the present geomorphological contexts of archaeological sites and their sedimentary and pedological contents. Prerequisite: ARCH 201 or EASC 101 or GEOG 111. Students with credit for ARCH 438 may not take this course for further credit.

GEOG 213 - Introduction to Geomorphology (3)

An examination of landforms, processes, laws, and theories of development; types and distributions. Prerequisite: GEOG 111 or EASC 101. Quantitative/Breadth-Science.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Jeremy Venditti
Mo 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
WMC 2200, Burnaby
D101
Mo 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
WMC 3517, Burnaby
D102
Mo 4:30 PM – 6:20 PM
AQ 5009, Burnaby
GEOG 311 - Hydrology (4)

Introduction to the hydrologic cycle, with an emphasis on the hydrology of British Columbia; description and analysis of the processes of water movement and storage measurements and analysis of hydrologic data. Prerequisite: GEOG 213 or 214; GEOG 251 or one of STAT 201, 203 (formerly 103), 205, or 270. Quantitative.

GEOG 312 - Geography of Natural Hazards (4)

An introduction to the occurrence and origin of natural hazards such as volcanic eruptions, landslides, etc. Interaction between the relevant natural processes and society will be examined, as well as prediction of natural events and the amelioration of the effects of such events within different cultural contexts. Prerequisite: GEOG 111 or EASC 101. Students with credit for GEOG 212 may not take this course for further credit.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Malcolm Dorsey
Th 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
RCB 8100, Burnaby
D101
Th 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
WMC 3535, Burnaby
GEOG 313 - River Geomorphology (4)

Intermediate analysis in fluvial and coastal geomorphology with particular reference to British Columbia. Prerequisite: GEOG 213. Quantitative.

GEOG 315 - World Ecosystems (4)

Distribution, structure, function, and dynamics of the world's major biomes. Attention to comparative aspects among terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems and to environmental problems associated with the biomes. Prerequisite: GEOG 215 or BISC 204.

GEOG 316 - Global Biogeochemical and Water Cycles (4)

Introduction to the cycling of essential chemical elements through ecosystems. Interactions among biological, hydrological, and geological controls on the structure and function of ecosystems and the spatial-temporal scales of elemental cycling are emphasized. Environmental problems resulting from disturbance to natural equilibria in the elemental cycles are examined. Prerequisite: GEOG 215 or BISC 204 or permission of the instructor. Quantitative.

GEOG 317 - Soil Science (4)

An introduction to the study of soils: physical, chemical and biological properties of soils; soil formation, description, classification, survey and use. Field and laboratory techniques of soil analysis. Prerequisite: One of GEOG 213, 214, 215, or CHEM 121. Students with credit for GEOG 318 may not take this course for further credit.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Margaret Schmidt
Mo 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
AQ 3149, Burnaby
D101
Tu 8:30 AM – 10:20 AM
SECB 1011, Burnaby
D102
Tu 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
SECB 1011, Burnaby
D103
Tu 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
SECB 1011, Burnaby
D104
Tu 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
SECB 1011, Burnaby
GEOG 411 - Advanced Hydrology (4)

An examination of hydrologic processes at different scales; effects of climate and land use change on the hydrologic cycle; application of hydrologic models; recent research developments in selected sub-fields of hydrology. Prerequisite: one of GEOG 311, 313, or 314; one of GEOG 251 or one of STAT 201, 203 (formerly 103), 205, or 270. Quantitative.

GEOG 412W - Glacial Processes and Environments (4)

An examination of glacial processes and environments emphasizing landscapes and sediments resulting from the movement of ice, water, and sediment; application of field techniques. Prerequisite: 60 units, including GEOG 213; GEOG 313 and EASC 201 recommended. Writing.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Jonny Cripps
Fr 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
AQ 5006, Burnaby
D101
Fr 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
RCB 8104, Burnaby
GEOG 414 - Climate Change (4)

An examination of recent advances in climate change science drawing upon observational and theoretical studies; application of climate models. Prerequisite: GEOG 314. Quantitative.

GEOG 417 - Advanced Soil Science (4)

Advanced treatment of topics in soil science: soil physics, soil chemistry, soil biology, soil classification and/or forest soils. Prerequisite: GEOG 317.

or GEOG 417W - Advanced Soil Science (4)

Advanced treatment of topics in soil science: soil physics, soil chemistry, soil biology, soil classification and/or forest soils. Prerequisite: GEOG 317. Students with credit for GEOG 417 may not take this course for further credit. Writing.

REM 370 - Global Resource Issues in Oceanography (4)

Introduces principles of oceanography, including ocean circulation, ocean carbon cycling, nutrients and biological productivity, oceans and the climate system, and ocean resource contributions to global food supply. Provides basic understanding of ocean resource management including transportation, recreation, fisheries, and mining. Prerequisite: EVSC 100, or GEOG 111, or REM 100, and 45 units.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Karen Kohfeld
We 11:30 AM – 12:20 PM
Fr 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
SSCK 9500, Burnaby
SECB 1011, Burnaby
D101
Mo 2:30 PM – 3:20 PM
WMC 3531, Burnaby
D102
Mo 3:30 PM – 4:20 PM
WMC 2523, Burnaby
D103
Mo 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM
AQ 5014, Burnaby
REM 375 - Ecology and Conservation of Coastal BC (3)

Investigates the ecosystems and environmental challenges of coastal British Columbia. Examines the major flora and fauna, fundamental ecological principles, anthropogenic drivers of change, and the role of applied science in conservation and management. Prerequisite: 45 units.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Scott Harrison
Tu 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
AQ 5018, Burnaby
D101
Th 11:30 AM – 12:20 PM
AQ 5036, Burnaby
D102
Th 12:30 PM – 1:20 PM
AQ 5051, Burnaby
D103
Fr 9:30 AM – 10:20 AM
AQ 5049, Burnaby

Socio-economic and Political Systems (choose one)

ARCH 389 - Ethnoecology (3)

Ethnoecology is the study of the relationships between people and their environment. It is motivated by and situated in current issues, such as food security and food sovereignty, ethics, climate change, and cultural loss and reconnection. We will explore these issues through case studies from cultures around the world and directly from ethnoecological researchers. Prerequisite: Students must have completed a minimum of 30 units. Students with credit for ARCH 329 ST-Ethnoecology may not take this course for further credit.

GEOG 321 - Geographies of Global Capitalism (4)

Examines the historical development, spatial organization, and social impact of market function, firm structure and operation, economic policy, and regulation and deregulation at various scales from local to global, from a geographical perspective. Prerequisite: At least 45 units, including GEOG 100.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Jason Young
Tu 8:30 AM – 10:20 AM
RCB 8100, Burnaby
D101
Tu 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
RCB 5120, Burnaby
D103
Tu 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
BLU 10901, Burnaby
GEOG 322W - World Resources (4)

An analysis of the use and development of natural resources from a geographic, economic and institutional perspective. Prerequisite: At least 45 units, including GEOG 100. Students with credit for GEOG 322 may not take this course for further credit. Writing.

GEOG 325 - Geographies of Consumption (4)

Spaces, places, landscapes, and scales of consumption emphasizing commodity cultures, marketing, retail, ideology, subjectivity, objects, technology, and tourism. Prerequisite: At least 45 units, including GEOG 100.

GEOG 362W - Geography of Urban Built Environments (4)

Current concepts and approaches in urban geography regarding the development of built environments. Central concerns are the relationships between urbanization and the state, capital, and civil society at various scales. Prerequisite: At least 45 units, including GEOG 100. Students with credit for GEOG 362 may not take this course for further credit. Writing.

GEOG 363 - Urban Planning and Policy (4)

An introduction to the major approaches and key ideas of the professions of urban governance; urban planning and urban policy. Through a focus on contemporary theory, process-based understanding, and specific issues and examples, the course examines key trends and interventions and promotes critical reflection on urban development. Prerequisite: At least 45 units, including GEOG 100.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Leanne Roderick
Th 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
HCC 1325, Vancouver
D101
Th 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
HCC 2540, Vancouver
D102
Th 4:30 PM – 6:20 PM
HCC 2235, Vancouver
GEOG 377 - Environmental History (4)

Examines the reciprocal influences between humans and nature through time. Topics may include settlement, agriculture, technology, politics, urbanization, science, and conservation. Prerequisite: At least 45 units, including GEOG 100 or REM 100. Students with credit for HIST 377 may not take this course for further credit.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Joseph Taylor
We 9:30 AM – 12:20 PM
SECB 1011, Burnaby
D101
We 12:30 PM – 1:20 PM
AQ 5028, Burnaby
D102
We 2:30 PM – 3:20 PM
AQ 5049, Burnaby
D103
We 3:30 PM – 4:20 PM
AQ 5048, Burnaby
GEOG 381W - Territory, Power, State (4)

Surveys the manner in which power relations are expressed territorially. Attention given to such topics as state sovereignty, colonialism, rights, and law. Prerequisite: At least 45 units, including GEOG 100. Students with credit for GEOG 381 may not take this course for further credit. Writing.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Nicholas Blomley
Mo 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
WMC 3220, Burnaby
D101
Mo 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
AQ 5025, Burnaby
D102
Mo 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
WMC 3511, Burnaby
GEOG 382 - World on the Move (4)

The world is on the move. Migrants seeking better opportunities cross paths with refugees fleeing persecution. Some are helped and welcomed, many encounter barriers and threats, while identities, including class, race, gender, sexuality, mediate their prospects. This course's geographic perspective clarifies these complexities by combining conceptual analyses with contemporary cases. Prerequisite: At least 45 units, including GEOG 100.

GEOG 386 - Health Geography (4)

A survey of health issues from a geographic perspective, including major spatial influences shaping the health status of populations and health-place relationships. Prerequisite: At least 45 units, including GEOG 100.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Valorie Crooks
Tu 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
WMC 3220, Burnaby
D101
Tu 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
AQ 5025, Burnaby
GEOG 387 - Geography and Gender (4)

Geographical perspectives on gender and sexuality. This course investigates feminist theory in geography and its analysis of home, city, nation, state, global economy, colonialism, and migration. Prerequisite: At least 45 units, including GEOG 100.

GEOG 423 - Capitalist Natures (4)

An exploration of our political, social, and economic systems, their ecological limitations, and related questions of inequality. It explores the histories, dynamics, logics, effects, and limitations of these systems. The evolution and effects of capitalism, specifically with respect to nonhuman natures, will be a focus. Prerequisite: GEOG 321 or GEOG 389W.

GEOG 432 - Problems in Environmental History (4)

An investigation into the major themes and arguments in the environmental histories of North America, emphasizing how different individuals and groups have used, perceived, and managed their environments over time. Prerequisite: 60 units including eight of upper division geography. Students with credit for HIST 432 or HIST 485 in 2001-3 may not take this course for further credit.

GEOG 449 - City and Environment (4)

The city as human-natural system; its processes and interactions in urban environmental policy and practice; with attention to historical and theoretical context. Prerequisite: 60 units, or enrolment in a Sustainable Community Development program; and one of GEOG 362, 363, or SCD 301.

GSWS 314 - Race, Class and Gender (4)

An examination of feminist, Marxist and anti-racist theories pertaining to the historical development, social construction, and interactive nature of race, class and gender relations. Prerequisite: 15 units. Students with credit for either GSWS 301 (or WS 301) or GSWS 310 (or WS 310) as Special Topics: Race, Class and Gender may not take this course for further credit.

REM 319 - Environmental Law (3)

Provides a practical introduction to the legal system governing the use and protection of the environment in Canada. A central theme is the difference between the law on paper and the law in practice. Prerequisite: 45 units. Students who have taken ENV 399-3 "Special Topics in Enviromental Law" in 2012 may not enroll in this course for further credit. Students with credit for ENV 319 may not take this course for further credit.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
E200 Benjamin Jones
Mo 5:30 PM – 8:20 PM
HCC 2245, Vancouver
REM 321 - Ecological Economics (4)

Introduces students to the concepts and methods of ecological economics. Provides students with grounding in the core principles of conventional economics applied to the environment but then extends this to the integration of economics and ecology to create a new ecological-economic understanding of environmental change and sustainability. Prerequisite: 45 units. Students with credit for ENV 321 cannot take REM 321 for further credit. Breadth-Social Sciences.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Jonn Axsen
Mo 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
We 10:30 AM – 11:20 AM
AQ 3159, Burnaby
AQ 3153, Burnaby
D101
Mo 12:30 PM – 1:20 PM
RCB 6100, Burnaby
D102
Mo 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM
RCB 6100, Burnaby
D103
Mo 2:30 PM – 3:20 PM
AQ 2120, Burnaby
D104
Mo 3:30 PM – 4:20 PM
WMC 2531, Burnaby
D105
Tu 11:30 AM – 12:20 PM
RCB 6101, Burnaby
REM 350 - Sustainable Energy and Materials Management (4)

Takes an interdisciplinary approach to sustainable management of society's energy and materials flows. Topics range from thermodynamics and estimates of global resources to market-based policies and governance Institutions. Peak oil, renewable energy and carbon capture and storage are also discussed. The role for green consumerism in light of climate challenge are highlighted. Prerequisite: 45 units.

REM 356W - Institutional Arrangements for Sustainable Environmental Management (3)

This course provides an overview of some basic legislation, agencies, and policies which currently are in use to regulate the natural environment at the international, nation, provincial, regional, and local levels. Its purpose is to present a basic set of evaluative questions which can be used to address the effectiveness and efficiency of the environmental regulatory and management systems currently in use. Prerequisite: REM 100. Students with credit for REM 356 may not take this course for further credit. Writing.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Andreanne Doyon
Th 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
AQ 3149, Burnaby
D101
Tu 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM
WMC 3513, Burnaby
D102
Th 4:30 PM – 5:20 PM
WMC 3517, Burnaby
D103
Tu 3:30 PM – 4:20 PM
WMC 2531, Burnaby
REM 454 - Water Security (4)

Students investigate dimensions of the global environmental crisis related to water security, including: human rights, political science, development economics, gender policies, geopolitics, regional integration and security, international law, national legislation, public health, trade, agriculture, energy generation, and water resources management. Prerequisite: 75 units and REM 100 or EVSC 100 or GEOG 100.

Environmental Justice (choose one)

ENV 320W - Ethics and the Environment (3)

An introduction to the field of environmental ethics for non-specialists. Addresses questions such as what obligations we have to future generations and the natural world, as well as the extent of these obligations. Prerequisite: Students must have earned at least 45 units. Students who have taken PHIL 333-3 or ENV 399-3 "Special Topics in Environmental Ethics" prior to or in 2011 and students with credit in PHIL 328-3 may not enroll in this course for further credit. Philosophy Majors and Minors may not take this course for credit towards their major or minor degree. Writing.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Jason Brown
Fr 2:30 PM – 5:20 PM
BLU 10021, Burnaby
FNST 433 - Indigenous Environmental Justice and Activism (4)

Examines contemporary writings regarding Indigenous environmental logic and environmental concerns of contemporary times. Studies effects of resource extraction upon Indigenous nations, globalization, genetic modifications, health, intellectual property, spiritual beliefs, culture and society, art and language and compares these with specific Indigenous logic at the time of contact. Prerequisite: 45 units.

GEOG 328 - Labour Geographies (4)

An examination of contemporary debates in Labour Geography, surveying geographical approaches to work and employment. Lectures will explore the relationships between space, place and labour market change in the context of globalization and uneven development. Prerequisite: At least 45 units, including GEOG 100 or LBST 101. Students with credit for LBST 328 may not take this course for further credit.

GEOG 385 - Food and the City (4)

An exploration of how food is related to cities, giving particular attention to the culture and politics of food production, distribution, and consumption. Prerequisite: At least 45 units, including GEOG 100 or REM 100.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Christiana Miewald
Th 8:30 AM – 10:20 AM
HCC 1425, Vancouver
D101
Th 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
HCC 2540, Vancouver
D102
Th 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
HCC 1325, Vancouver
REM 407 - Indigenous Governance and Resource Relationships (4)

Explores diverse Indigenous perspectives on governance, resource, land and water management, intergovernmental relations and economic development in the context of contemporary settler colonialism in Canada. Skills include critical thinking, anti-colonial, economic, political and policy analyses. Prerequisite: 75 units or permission of instructor.

Data Acquisition, Analysis and Modeling (choose two)

EVSC 305 - Methods in Environmental Science (3)

Introduces EVSC students to lab and field methods used in the study of Environmental Science. Prerequisite: EVSC 100. Students with credit for EVSC 205 or EVSC 491W may not take this course for further credit.

GEOG 253 - Introduction to Remote Sensing (3)

An introduction to the theory and practice of remote sensing, including the relevant physical processes, digital image processing and information extraction, and a review of remote sensing applications. Prerequisite: GEOG 111. Quantitative/Breadth-Science.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Andres Varhola
Th 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
WMC 3260, Burnaby
D101
Th 4:30 PM – 6:20 PM
AQ 2109, Burnaby
D102
Fr 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
AQ 2111, Burnaby
GEOG 310 - Physical Geography Field Course (4)

A twelve-day field camp with a focus on various measuring, surveying, recording and mapping skills in branches of physical geography. A selected project will be completed either by a team or by an individual. Field camp locations will vary from year to year. The camp will be held immediately following the end of final examinations in April. Prerequisite: GEOG 213 & one of GEOG 214 or 215. Prerequisite or Co-requisite: One of GEOG 311, 313, 314, 315, 316, 317 or 319.

GEOG 352 - Spatial Analysis (4)

Advanced quantitative techniques for spatial analysis of geographic data and patterns. Topics include geostatistics, spatial interpolation, autocorrelation, kriging, and their use in geographic problem solving with spatial analysis software. Prerequisite: GEOG 251 or one of STAT 201, 203 (formerly 103), 205, or 270. Quantitative.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Shivanand Balram
Th 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
AQ 3154, Burnaby
D101
Fr 8:30 AM – 10:20 AM
AQ 2109, Burnaby
D102
Fr 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
AQ 2109, Burnaby
D103
Fr 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
AQ 2109, Burnaby
GEOG 353 - Advanced Remote Sensing (4)

Advanced remote sensing principles and techniques, including physics-based modeling, advanced classifiers, automated data processing, and integration of ancillary data products. Prerequisite: GEOG 253. Quantitative.

GEOG 414 - Climate Change (4)

An examination of recent advances in climate change science drawing upon observational and theoretical studies; application of climate models. Prerequisite: GEOG 314. Quantitative.

GEOG 451 - Spatial Modeling (4)

Spatial models for the representation and simulation of physical, human and environmental processes. GIS and spatial analysis software are used in the laboratory for model development, from problem definition and solution to visualization. Prerequisite: GEOG 251 or one of STAT 201, 203 (formerly 103), 205, or 270; one of GEOG 351, 352, 353, 355 or 356. Quantitative.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Suzana Dragicevic
Th 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
BLU 10921, Burnaby
D101
Th 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
AQ 2109, Burnaby
D102
Th 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
AQ 2109, Burnaby
GEOG 453 - Theoretical and Applied Remote Sensing (4)

Examination of advanced topics in remote sensing, including calibration /validation, spatial scale, data fusion, and the role of remote sensing in a spatial world. Students will work on independent projects applying remote sensing in their area of interest. Prerequisite: GEOG 353. Recommended: One of GEOG 351, 352, 355 or 356. Students with credit for GEOG 453W may not repeat this course for further credit. Quantitative.

GEOG 455W - Theoretical and Applied GIS (4)

A critical examination of advanced topics in GIS, such as: boundary definition, expert systems and artificial intelligence, error and uncertainty, and scale in a digital context. Examines social applications and the roles of GIS in society. Students will design original projects, including data acquisition, analysis, and web site development. Prerequisite: GEOG 355. Students with credit for GEOG 452 or GEOG 455 may not take this course for further credit. Writing/Quantitative.

GEOG 457 - Geovisualization Interfaces (4)

The concepts, theories, and technology behind interactive and immersive interface technologies used for geospatial visualization. Applications and implications for GIScience and spatial knowledge acquisition. Combines GIScience, spatial cognition, and virtual environments/interface research perspectives. Prerequisite: GEOG 356. Students with credit for GEOG 457 (STT) Geospatial Virtual Environments in fall 2005 or fall 2006 may not take this course for further credit.

REM 311 - Applied Ecology and Sustainable Environments (3)

Students will learn to apply the ecological concepts introduced in prereq courses to applied ecological problems at the population, community, and ecosystem levels of organization. Emphasis will be placed on processes which drive ecological dynamics, on recognizing those processes and dynamics in applied contexts, and on interpreting ecological data. Prerequisite: REM 100 or EVSC 100; BISC 204 or GEOG 215; STAT 201 or 203 or 205 or GEOG 251 or equivalent. Quantitative.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Scott Harrison
Tu 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
WMC 2532, Burnaby
D101
We 1:30 PM – 2:20 PM
AQ 3148.1, Burnaby
D102
We 2:30 PM – 3:20 PM
AQ 3148.1, Burnaby
REM 412 - Environmental Modeling (4)

Students receive hands-on experience in the construction and analysis of computer simulation models of environmental and ecological systems and problems. Prerequisite: REM 100 or EVSC 100; BISC 204 or GEOG 215; STAT 201 or 203 or 205 or GEOG 251 or equivalent; and 60 units. Quantitative.

Communication (choose one)

CMNS 349 - Environment, Media and Communication (4)

An examination of how media, culture and communication shape public opinion and behaviour about environmental issues such as global warming, (un)sustainable resource use and pollution, with special attention to the impact of practices such as advertising, public relations, science and risk communication, journalism and advocacy communication upon public discourse about the environment, and the role of dialogue and deliberation in mediating and resolving conflict over environmental issues. Prerequisite: 45 units, including at least one upper division course in CMNS, DIAL, EVSC, GEOG or BlSC.

GEOG 351 - Multimedia Cartography (4)

Elements of cartographic analysis, design and visualization, with an emphasis on digital mapping, animation techniques, cartographic software and internet mapping. Prerequisite: GEOG 255. Quantitative.

GEOG 356 - 3D Geovisualization (4)

3D geovisualization methods, concepts and theory. Bridges conventional geographic visualization with emerging 3D methods. Emphasizes user-centered design and cognitive implications. Prerequisite: GEOG 255.

SA 315 - New Information Technology and Society (SA) (4)

Explores the new social spaces and social practices fostered by new information technology. Special attention will be paid to who is making decisions about what technologies to adopt and how, what social changes are resulting, and who benefits and who loses. A significant portion of activity in this course will involve direct engagement with new information technology.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
J100 Deborah Dergousoff
Fr 5:30 PM – 9:20 PM
HCC 2205, Vancouver

Capstone Experience (choose one)

GEOG 411 - Advanced Hydrology (4)

An examination of hydrologic processes at different scales; effects of climate and land use change on the hydrologic cycle; application of hydrologic models; recent research developments in selected sub-fields of hydrology. Prerequisite: one of GEOG 311, 313, or 314; one of GEOG 251 or one of STAT 201, 203 (formerly 103), 205, or 270. Quantitative.

GEOG 412W - Glacial Processes and Environments (4)

An examination of glacial processes and environments emphasizing landscapes and sediments resulting from the movement of ice, water, and sediment; application of field techniques. Prerequisite: 60 units, including GEOG 213; GEOG 313 and EASC 201 recommended. Writing.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Jonny Cripps
Fr 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
AQ 5006, Burnaby
D101
Fr 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
RCB 8104, Burnaby
GEOG 414 - Climate Change (4)

An examination of recent advances in climate change science drawing upon observational and theoretical studies; application of climate models. Prerequisite: GEOG 314. Quantitative.

GEOG 417 - Advanced Soil Science (4)

Advanced treatment of topics in soil science: soil physics, soil chemistry, soil biology, soil classification and/or forest soils. Prerequisite: GEOG 317.

or GEOG 417W - Advanced Soil Science (4)

Advanced treatment of topics in soil science: soil physics, soil chemistry, soil biology, soil classification and/or forest soils. Prerequisite: GEOG 317. Students with credit for GEOG 417 may not take this course for further credit. Writing.

GEOG 421 - Geographical Political Economy (4)

Examines the historical development of the material spaces and places affected by changing capitalist dynamics and the dominant theories through which they are explained, legitimized, and criticized, from a geographical perspective. Prerequisite: GEOG 321. Students who received credit for GEOG 421 (STT), Advanced Contemporary Capitalism, may not take this course for further credit.

GEOG 423 - Capitalist Natures (4)

An exploration of our political, social, and economic systems, their ecological limitations, and related questions of inequality. It explores the histories, dynamics, logics, effects, and limitations of these systems. The evolution and effects of capitalism, specifically with respect to nonhuman natures, will be a focus. Prerequisite: GEOG 321 or GEOG 389W.

GEOG 432 - Problems in Environmental History (4)

An investigation into the major themes and arguments in the environmental histories of North America, emphasizing how different individuals and groups have used, perceived, and managed their environments over time. Prerequisite: 60 units including eight of upper division geography. Students with credit for HIST 432 or HIST 485 in 2001-3 may not take this course for further credit.

GEOG 440 - Property, Land, Society (4)

An examination of property, particularly in relation to land, with an emphasis on its social, political, and spatial dimensions. Prerequisite: 60 units, including eight of upper division geography. Students with credit for GEOG 440W may not take this course for further credit.

GEOG 442 - A World of Cities (4)

An exploration of how cities shape the contemporary globalized world, focusing on key contemporary academic approaches. Highlights geographical and multi-disciplinary work on global-urban relations, networks, structures, and mobilities. Prerequisite: 60 credit hours, including Geog 362. Students who have taken GEOG 442 STT, Global Cities, may not take this course for further credit.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Eugene McCann
Tu 1:30 PM – 5:20 PM
HCC 1505, Vancouver
GEOG 449 - City and Environment (4)

The city as human-natural system; its processes and interactions in urban environmental policy and practice; with attention to historical and theoretical context. Prerequisite: 60 units, or enrolment in a Sustainable Community Development program; and one of GEOG 362, 363, or SCD 301.

GEOG 451 - Spatial Modeling (4)

Spatial models for the representation and simulation of physical, human and environmental processes. GIS and spatial analysis software are used in the laboratory for model development, from problem definition and solution to visualization. Prerequisite: GEOG 251 or one of STAT 201, 203 (formerly 103), 205, or 270; one of GEOG 351, 352, 353, 355 or 356. Quantitative.

Section Instructor Day/Time Location
D100 Suzana Dragicevic
Th 2:30 PM – 4:20 PM
BLU 10921, Burnaby
D101
Th 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
AQ 2109, Burnaby
D102
Th 10:30 AM – 12:20 PM
AQ 2109, Burnaby
GEOG 453 - Theoretical and Applied Remote Sensing (4)

Examination of advanced topics in remote sensing, including calibration /validation, spatial scale, data fusion, and the role of remote sensing in a spatial world. Students will work on independent projects applying remote sensing in their area of interest. Prerequisite: GEOG 353. Recommended: One of GEOG 351, 352, 355 or 356. Students with credit for GEOG 453W may not repeat this course for further credit. Quantitative.

GEOG 455 - Theoretical and Applied GIS (4)

A critical examination of advanced topics in GIS, such as: boundary definition, expert systems and artificial intelligence, error and uncertainty, and scale in a digital context. Examines social applications and the roles of GIS in society. Students will design original projects, including data acquisition, analysis, and web site development. Prerequisite: GEOG 355. Students with credit for GEOG 452 or GEOG 455W may not take this course for further credit. Quantitative.

GEOG 457 - Geovisualization Interfaces (4)

The concepts, theories, and technology behind interactive and immersive interface technologies used for geospatial visualization. Applications and implications for GIScience and spatial knowledge acquisition. Combines GIScience, spatial cognition, and virtual environments/interface research perspectives. Prerequisite: GEOG 356. Students with credit for GEOG 457 (STT) Geospatial Virtual Environments in fall 2005 or fall 2006 may not take this course for further credit.

GEOG 497 - International Field Study (5)

A fieldwork based study of a selected region conducted in an international setting. Emphasis is placed on how to understand landscapes by relating concepts and models with direct observation, inference and collection of field evidence, as well as published literature on the selected region. Prerequisite: At least 60 units including 12 units of upper division geography courses.

Two lower division courses (GEOG 213 and GEOG 253) can be used to satisfy specific upper division requirements of this major program. These courses do not count toward the 45 upper division units required to graduate. WQB requirements may necessitate additional classes for some students, although the Global Environmental Systems major includes several courses that meet Quantitative requirements.

Writing, Quantitative, and Breadth Requirements

Students admitted to Simon Fraser University beginning in the fall 2006 term must meet writing, quantitative and breadth requirements as part of any degree program they may undertake. See Writing, Quantitative, and Breadth Requirements for university-wide information.

WQB Graduation Requirements

A grade of C- or better is required to earn W, Q or B credit

Requirement

Units

Notes
W - Writing

6

Must include at least one upper division course, taken at Simon Fraser University within the student’s major subject
Q - Quantitative

6

Q courses may be lower or upper division
B - Breadth

18

Designated Breadth Must be outside the student’s major subject, and may be lower or upper division
6 units Social Sciences: B-Soc
6 units Humanities: B-Hum
6 units Sciences: B-Sci

6

Additional Breadth 6 units outside the student’s major subject (may or may not be B-designated courses, and will likely help fulfil individual degree program requirements)

Students choosing to complete a joint major, joint honours, double major, two extended minors, an extended minor and a minor, or two minors may satisfy the breadth requirements (designated or not designated) with courses completed in either one or both program areas.

 

Residency Requirements and Transfer Credit

  • At least half of the program's total units must be earned through Simon Fraser University study.
  • At least two thirds of the program's total upper division units must be earned through Simon Fraser University study.

Elective Courses

In addition to the courses listed above, students should consult an academic advisor to plan the remaining required elective courses.