Economic History

"The Outdoor Relief System in England and Wales", in H.G. Grubel and M. A. Walker, eds., Unemployment Insurance: Global Evidence of Its Effects on Unemployment, (Vancouver:  Fraser Institute, 1978) pp. 320-338.

"Continuing Themes in Economic History", Journal of European Economic History 8, No. 3 (Winter 1979): 761-72.

"Aggregate Aspects of Unemployment, Unemployment Insurance and the Poor Laws in Great Britain, 1855-1940", Journal of Economic History (March 1979).

"Real Output and the Gold Standard Years, 1830-1913", in M. Bordo and A. J. Schwartz, eds., A Retrospective on the Classical Gold Standard, 1821-1931 National Bureau of Economic Research, (Chicago, 1984): 513-44

"Tariffs and Growth: The Dales' Hypothesis", Explorations in Economic History 25 (1988): 147-163, with C. Reed and W. Gibson.