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Playing with the Voice and Blurring Boundaries in Hildegard Westerkamp’s “MotherVoiceTalk”
by Alexa Woloshyn

In MotherVoiceTalk (2008), Hildegard Westerkamp uses archival and field recordings of conversations, reflections and nature. The work negotiates boundaries that are often blurred in the electroacoustic medium: public and private, self and other, time and space.

For details see:


"Choral, Public and Private Listener Responses to Hildegard Westerkamp's École Polytechnique"
by Andra McCartney and Marta McCarthy
Music and Arts in Action, Volume 4 Issue 1, 2012

Paul Steenhuisen, 2009,
Interview in Sonic Mosaics, Conversations with Composers,
University of Alberta Press, p. 241.

Brandon LaBelle,
"Seeking Ursound: Hildegard Westerkamp, Steve Peters, and the Soundscape",
in Background Noise, Perspectives on Sound Art, Continuum International Publishing Group, New York, 2006, p. 201

Katharine Norman, 2004,
"The Same Trail Twice, Talking Rain with Hildegard Westerkamp",
in Sounding Art. Eight Literary Excursions Through Electronic Music. (with CD), Ashgate Publishing Limited, Aldershot, England, p. 75.

Kevin Bazzana, entry
"Hildegard Westerkamp"
Encyclopedia of Music in Canada, Second Edition, University of Toronto Press, 1992, revised online 2004.

Andra McCartney,
"Hildegard Westerkamp's Moments of Laughter: Recording Childhood, Performing Motherhood, Refusing to Shut up, and Laughing,"
Perspectives of New Music Vol 38, N 1, 2000.

MacCormac, Sylvi. 1999.
"Conversing with Nature-Reflections on Hildegard Westerkamp's Talking Rain"
Musicworks,Number 74.

Mccartney, Andra. 1999.
"Sounding Places: Situated Conversations through the Soundscape Work
of Hildegard Westerkamp"

Dissertation, York University, Toronto.

Andra Mccartney website

LaBelle, Brandon. 1999.
"The Sound of Music, Contemporary Sound-Art and the Phenomenal World"

Art Papers Magazine,Atlanta, USA, Vol 23, No. 2.

McCartney, Andra. 1998.
"Soundwalk in the Park with Hildegard Westerkamp"

Musicworks,Number 72.

Zapf, Donna. 1997.
"British Columbia: Die Zeit, der Ort und die Musik"

Breitsameter, Sabine. 1997.
"Audio Art von der Westküste"

both in: Beiträge zur Neuen Musik 33.

MacKenzie, Kirk. 1996.
Entry on Hildegard Westerkamp

in:"New Grove Dictionary of Women Composers. ."

McCartney, Andra. 1995.
"Inventing Images: Constructing and Contesting Gender in Thinking
about Electroacoustic Music"

Leonardo Music Journal, Vol.5 pp57-66.

Werner, Hans U. 1994.
"I am a composer, I recycle sound-
Zur Musik der Klangökologin Hildegard Westerkamp"

Musiktexte, Zeitschrift für neue Musik,Heft 54.

Bernstein, Tamara. 1993.
"Lament to the Women - Hildegard Westerkamp: École Polytechnique"

in Herizons, Women's News and Feminist Views, Vol. 7 No1.

Bazzana, Kevin. 1992.
Entry on Hildegard Westerkamp

in:Encyclopedia of Music in Canada,
Second Edition, University of Toronto Press.

Young, Gayle. 1984.
"Composing with Environmental Sound"

Musicworks,Number 26.

Zapf, Donna. 1981.
"Inside the Soundscape: the Compositions of Hildegard Westerkamp"

Musicworks,Number 15.

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