The Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Simon Fraser University
'TWAS THE YEAR 1993 AT DhRl 16.....
In 1993, the site was now cleared a little bit better, less trees
got in the way of our excavations.  During the spring
at DhRl 16, the grass and stinging nettle grows back.
So, each summer begins with a thorough clearing of the site with
machetes and grass clippers. Hard work!!
Well, we learned a lot last year.  We now know that
the mounds were used for burials.
We are pretty sure that the big mounds have very
important people, like chiefs, buried beneath them.
We also found out from our excavation
that in front of the mounds are flat areas that are house floors.
By observing the site, we could see that there was many more spots
that looked like they could be places where houses used to be.
 We can tell this by looking at the front of the mounds
and seeing how flat the ground is.
DhRl 16 is right on the river bank,
so the ground slopes toward the water.  But in some spots it doesn't.
This wouldn't happen naturally.
So it is possible that people in the past flattened
(or terraced) the land so they could build their houses on it.
This makes sense...who would want a house that was on a slope?
Could you imagine living in a house like that?It would
probably be pretty uncomfortable.
The people who lived here in the past probably thought
the same thing, so they made the ground level where their houses were.
Because we found these house floors, we want to know more
about them. How big were they?
 Are they in front of all the mounds or just some?
Mainly we want to find out:
Well, because we could see so many more flat areas
in front of the mounds, we hypothesized that they might
all be house floors, just like the one we found
in our excavation last year.
So, to test our hypothesis, we decided to excavate.
To do this, we dug a large trench right through one of the flat areas.
We found that, sure enough, in front of some of the mounds were
more house floors!  We  measured these large terraced (flat) areas and discovered that they were very large. Dr.R.G. Matson, the archaeologist
in charge this year was pretty sure that these house floors showed where houses had once stood a long time ago.
 The reason why these house floors were so big was simple ...
the houses were big!
On the Northwest Coast of B.C.,
the Sto:lo First Nations people lived in longhouses.
 In some cases, these houses were BIG!
They were often much bigger than the ones you and I live in now,
and they looked very different too.
 Each house was rectangular and very long.  Several families
lived in each house and each family had its own space
inside the house. As your family got bigger, or if more people
 moved into your house, you would just build on an addition to one end of the rectangle and PRESTO! your house would be bigger.
Probably, the chief would have the biggest house because
he needed a lot of room for people to live in and for people
to come over and visit when he had potlatches (huge parties!).
So, we learned even more in 1993!
Not only were people buried on this
site, underneath the mounds,
but there was also houses that
people lived in very close to them!
Areal view of excavation
1993 CODES
1993 CLUES
1993 TIPS
Are you curious to find out what happened next?
Me too! Let's go to the year 1994!
TAKE ME THERE!spinning trowel