Dr. Hugo Cardoso

PhD (McMaster University , Canada) 
Tel: 778.782.4171 • Fax: 778.782.5666 • Emailhcardoso@sfu.ca


I joined the department in May 2013, after a full time professorship at the University of Porto Medical School, in Portugal. Previously I had been a researcher and curator at the National Museum of Natural History in Lisbon. I am a physical anthropologist with several years of lab and field-work experience in human skeletal biology and bioarchaeology, particularly with the juvenile skeleton. Since 2007 I have been involved in forensic anthropology case consulting, first in Portugal and recently in Canada. I have also received training in epidemiology during my postdoctoral studies and I have been involved in anthropometric history research. I earned my PhD in Anthropology from McMaster University in 2005 and I was the recipient of the CAGS-UMI (Canadian Association for Graduate Studies - University Microfilms International) distinguished dissertation award the following year. In addition to being a faculty member in the department, I am the Co-Director of the SFU Centre for Forensic Research, and head of the Juvenile Osteology – JUNO group.

Research Interests

I am a physical anthropologist with a specialization in human juvenile osteology. I have a wide range of interests and my publication record reflects that diversity. My research program, however, has been increasingly focused on studying the interactions between the juvenile human skeleton and its environment, encompassing all biocultural processes and responses in life, death and after death, to better understand and explain past events and change at the individual or population level. This includes clarifying the complex interconnections between, on one hand, culture, identity, nutrition, or socioeconomic status and, on the other, developmental systems, life-history transitions, injury and disease patterns and taphonomic processes inscribed in children’s bones and teeth, recovered from forensic, archaeological or paleontological contexts. Since 2016, my research interests are united under the Juvenile Osteology – JUNO group, and currently I am working on the following broad topics:

  • Environmental factors affecting dental and skeletal growth and juvenile age estimation
  • Growth, health and disease patterns observed in children from archaeological populations
  •  Diagnosing and interpreting child trauma from archaeological and forensic contexts
  • Taphonomy of immature bone

Selected Recent Publications

  • Cardoso HFV, Spake L, Liversidge H. (accepted for publication). A Reappraisal of Developing Permanent Tooth Length as an Estimate of Age in Human Immature Skeletal Remains. Journal of Forensic Sciences.
  • Carneiro J, Caldas I, Afonso A, Cardoso HFV. 2016. Enough is enough? Is Demirjian's method really useful for age estimation in a forensic context? Forensic Science, Medicine and Pathology 11:216–221.
  • Wilson LAB, Ives R, Cardoso HFV, Humphry L. 2015. Shape, size and maturity trajectories of the human ilium and interpopulation differences in the ontogeny of sexual dimorphism. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 156:19-34.
  • Cardoso HFV, Abrantes J, Humphrey L. 2014. Age estimation of immature human skeletal remains from the diaphyseal length of the long bones in the post-natal period. International Journal of Legal Medicine 128: 809-824.
  • Amoroso A, Garcia S, Cardoso HFV. 2014. Age at death and linear enamel hypoplasias: testing the effects of childhood stress and adult socioeconomic circumstances in premature mortality. American Journal of Human Biology 26: 461-468.
  • Pereira V, Rios L, Cardoso HFV. 2014. Chronology of fusion of the primary and secondary ossification centers in the human sacrum and age estimation in child and adolescent skeletons. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 153: 214-225.
  • Conceição ELN, Cardoso HFV. 2011. Environmental effects on skeletal versus dental development II: further testing of a basic assumption in human osteological research. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 144: 463-470.
  • Cardoso HFV, Rios L. 2011. Age estimation from stages of epiphyseal union in the presacral vertebrae. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 144: 238-247.
  • Susman RL, Patel BA, Cardoso HFV, Francis MJ. 2011. Epiphyseal fusion pattern and developmental morphology of the Olduvai Hominid 8 foot: evidence of adolescence. Journal of Human Evolution 60: 58-69.
  • Cardoso HFV. 2010. Testing discriminate functions for sex determination from deciduous teeth. Journal of Forensic Sciences 55: 1557-1560.
  • Cardoso HFV, Heuzé Y, Júlio P. 2010. Secular change in the timing of dental root maturation in Portuguese boys and girls.  American Journal of Human Biology 22: 791-800.

More information on Dr. Cardoso and the Juvenile Osteology - JUNO group can be found on his personal website.