Laure Spake

Emaillspake@sfu.ca

B.A.: McGill University 2013

M.A.: Simon Fraser University 2016

Supervisor: Dr. Hugo Cardoso

Research Areas: Growth and Development, Juvenile Osteology, Age Estimation, Forensic Anthropology, Bioachaeology

Research Interest:

My broad interest is in the study of childhood. I am ultimately interested in exploring the various ways in which children lived and interacted with their environment in the past. Currently, I am working on questions related to growth, development, and age estimation from juvenile skeletal and dental remains. 

Ph.D. Research:

Using CT scans of deceased children to investigate the impact of mortality bias on interpretations of past population health

In my Ph.D. project, I explore differences in the growth of juvenile non-survivors as compared to juvenile survivors in a modern population. This analysis will allow bioanthropologists to decide whether skeletal samples are likely to be affected by mortality bias or not, and thus whether interpretations of past population health can be reliably made. 

M.A. Thesis:  

Selecting an appropriate reference sample for juvenile age estimation methods in a forensic context.

In this project, I explored patterns in the growth of juvenile homicide victims to understand whether they differ from those of other children. This allows us to evaluate whether age estimation methods can be developed using information gleaned from the general population, or whether specific groups of children must be sought out. 

Publications:

     Journal papers and book chapters:

2016. (HFV Cardoso, L Spake, and HM Liversidge). A reappraisal of developing permanent tooth length as an estimate of age in human immature skeletal remains. Journal of Forensic Science..

2017. (HFV Cardoso, L Spake, LT Humphrey). Age estimation of immature human skeletal remains from the dimensions of the girdle bones in the postnatal period. American Journal of Physical Anthropology.

Accepted. (L Spake, HFV Cardoso). Are we using the appropriate reference samples to develop juvenile age estimation methods based on bone size? An exploration of growth differences between average children and those who become victims of homicide. Forensic Science International.

    Conference Presentations:  

2017. (Meloche C, L Spake). Ancestral human remains in legacy collections: research opportunities and ethical responsibility [Podium]. Chacmool 50th Anniversary. Calgary, Alberta.

2017. (L Spake, Meyers J, Fisk S, Gooderham E, Marinho L, O’Neill D, Nahal H, Cardoso HFV). Early mortality and developmental stress reflected in crown dimensions of the deciduous and permanent dentitions [Poster]. Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association of Physical Anthropology. Edmonton, Alberta.

2017. (Meyers J, Spake L, Cardoso HFV). Sex differences in secular change in height and weight among affluent Portuguese school children from 1913 to 2012 [Poster]. Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association of Physical Anthropology. Edmonton, Alberta.

2017. (L Spake, MT Ferreira, SW Wasterlain, HFV Cardoso). A comparative growth analysis of African child slaves in 15th to 17th century Portugal [Invited poster]. Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropology. New Orleans, Louisiana.

2017. (HFV Cardoso, J Abrantes, L Spake, L Rios). A test of juvenile age estimation methods based on the diaphyseal length of the long bones [Poster]. Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Vancouver, British Columbia.

2017. (L Marinho, S Fisk, L Spake, E Gooderham, HFV Cardoso). The effects of bilateral asymmetry in long bone length on juvenile age predictions [Poster]. Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Vancouver, British Columbia.

2017. (E Gooderham, L Marinho, L Spake, S Fisk, AL Santos, HFV Cardoso). Severe skeletal lesions and loss of bone mass in a child associated with a case of spinal tuberculosis and prolonged immobilization [Poster]. Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Vancouver, British Columbia.

2017. (S Fisk, L Spake, L Marinho, E Gooderham, HFV Cardoso). The use of dental and skeletal indicators to predict the age of menarch from juvenile human skeletal remains [Poster]. Annual Meeting of the Society for American Archaeology. Vancouver, British Columbia.

2016. (L Spake, E Gooderham, S Fisk, L Marinho, HFV Cardoso). Growth status of survivors and non-survivors of skeletal tuberculosis: the relevance of records of child admissions to the Sant’Ana Sanitarium, Portugal (1904-1953) for health studies of archaeological populations [Podium]. Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association of Physical Anthropology. Peterborough, Ontario.

2016. (L Spake and HFV Cardoso). Are we using the appropriate reference samples to develop juvenile age estimation methods for a forensic context in developed nations? [Poster]. Annual Meeting of the American Association of Physical Anthropology. Atlanta, Georgia.

2016. (L Spake, L Marinho, and HFV Cardoso). Socioeconomic status and fatal accidents in Cuyahoga County, Ohio. [Poster]. Annual Meeting of the Society for Applied Anthropology. Vancouver, British Columbia.

2015. (L Spake and HFV Cardoso). Is mortality bias a significant factor when studying past child health and growth? [Podium]. Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association of Physical Anthropology. Winnipeg, Alberta.

2015. (HFV Cardoso, L Marinho, L Simon, J Vandergugten, L Spake, M McCuaig, and J Albanese). Can we improve the reliability of sex estimations in archaeological populations by using non-population specific metric methods? [Poster]. Annual Meeting of the Canadian Association of Physical Anthropology. Winnipeg, Alberta.

2014. (HFV Cardoso, L Spake, HM Liversidge). A reappraisal of developing permanent tooth length as an estimate of age in human immature skeletal remains. [Poster]. Symposium on Age Estimation of the Society for the Study of Human Biology. Oxford, United Kingdom.

Cleaning specimens in Santarém, Portugal

 

 

On site in Romania