The First World War was a catastrophe, but what of the peace? In the fall of 1918, Germany asked U.S. President Woodrow Wilson to mediate Germany's surrender based on his proposals for postwar peace, the Fourteen Points. But as we’ll examine, for the Paris peacemakers to agree to a new collective world order and the League of Nations, Wilson had to abandon other key objectives and compromise his Fourteen Points. Although Wilson was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, an antagonistic U.S. Senate refused to join the League or ratify the Treaty of Versailles. America withdrew again into isolationism, abandoning Europe to fascism, authoritarianism and, tragically, another war.