Week 1: Engineering an empire
A brief introduction about Persia’s history, geography, culture and religion serves as a foundation to further discoveries about Persia. Susa, a city in Persia, is considered to be the origin of the “urban revolution”. The urban revolution brought plough-agriculture, irrigation, the wheel, the ship, metallurgy of gold, silver and bronze, textiles and, most importantly, writing; the basic components of modern technology. These achievements were common by 3,200 BCE.
Week 2: Water
Most of the Iranian plateau is covered by rugged mountain ranges and vast, arid deserts. Therefore, finding sources of water, and extracting and managing them has been a survival task that has inspired ingenious feats in Persia. Over 2,000 years ago, a system of underground water channels was developed that carried water up to 80km, and it is still in use today. We also discover various forms of dams, water purification systems and canals.
Week 3: Earth
For thousands of years, the soil of Persia has provided it with raw material for construction, pottery and tiles. Our journey takes us through magnificent buildings, palaces and cities that demonstrate the ingenuity of their designers and engineers.
Week 4: Air
Persia is situated in descending air and trade winds. The geography of Persia produces strong winds at certain areas that can last up to 120 days. The energy of this wind was harnessed for windmills over a thousand years ago.
Week 5: Fire
Fire was a sacred part of the ancient Zoroastrian religion. The eternal flames were kept alight in special temples all year around. In addition to providing basic human needs of heat and light, fire was used for metallurgy. Archaeological evidence indicates that Persia is the oldest place in the world for metallurgical activities, dating back to the 5th millennium BCE.
Week 6: Scientific institutions in Persia
We examine how scientific institutions were developed and played a vital role in development of science and technology throughout the history of Persia.