COVID-19 Gender Matrix

Read our initial gender-based analysis of the COVID-19 outbreak and response in Canada here

The matrix below list examples of the intersectional impacts of the COVID-19 outbreak and response. To see further examples click on the intersecting domains. The matrix will be updated regularly. If there are examples you think should be included please email


Access to Resources

Labour/Roles Norms/Beliefs Power  Institutions/ Laws
Risk More businesses owned by women had to close or adapt in order to reduce risk Migrant workers over represented in workplace outbreaks Toronto neighbourhood with highest concentration of poverty has highest number of COVID cases Migrant workers can't demand safe working conditions Lack of protection for foreign workers puts them at risk
Illness/ Treatment Residents in infected care home neglected, undernourished Childcare centers for essential workers close after staff fall sick 6/10 Indigenous people's mental health worsened since physical distancing Women more likely than men to report worse mental health since physical distancing Calls for increased testing to be equity-based
Health Systems/Services Women having to travel out of province for abortions Women of colour on the front lines Newcomers account for growing portion of frontline workers Front-line health-care workers speak up about racism at work Filipino-Canadian care aides disporpotionately affected due to federal employment policies
Social Impacts Canadians living in households with children more likely to be food insecure Men taking on more housework, but women still doing the majority Parents of children with disabilities extremely worried about child's academic success Complaints of racism towards people of Asian decent spike in Montreal Homeless forced from Vancouver parks have no place to go
Economic Impacts 40% women-run businesses had to lay off employees Women 5x more likely to cut back working hours to watch children Study shows essential workers early child educators under paid in BC Double the number of women business owners had request for rent deferal refused Edmonton liscences for escorts, etc. make it possible for sex workers to access CERB
Security Impacts Lack of housing increases risk of GBV during COVID COVID shines light on poor treatment of migrant labourers Fear of virus keeps women from shelters Visible minorities more likely to feel unsafe since the start of the COVID-19 pandemic Asylum seekers refused entry due to border closures


The COVID-19 gender matrix aims to provide a rapid snapshot of gendered and intersectional impacts of the outbreak and response. The Canadian matrix above includes findings from searches conducted between March 15 and July 15 2020. Searches were conducted using key words in Google News, the Canadian Newstream Database, and through targeted searches of government and organizational websites. We then reviewed results, selecting those that presented concrete examples of the impacts of COVID-19 (as opposed to commentaries or suppositions). Each selected example was then coded based on a horizontal and vertical category in the matrix. Where more than one example was found per category intersection, we selected the most notable for the front facing matrix, listing the others in linked pages. Decisions regarding coding and which examples to list in the front facing matrix were discussed with the team to achieve consensus.

We recognize that the matrix is not a complete picture, but a rapid snapshot, and that there is substantial room for bias to shape its presentation. If you see particular gaps or omissions in the matrix please let us know. This is a dynamic process and we would appreciate the feedback. Please email