English Name(s): Pacific trailing blackberry
Local English Name(s) (if different from above): blackberry
Scientific Name(s): Rubus ursinus Cham. & Schlecht.
Upriver Halkomelem Name(s): sqw’o:lmuxwulhp (shrub)
Downriver Halkomelem Name(s): skw’ilmuxw (fruit), skw’ilmuxwulhp
Island Halkomelem Name(s): sqw’il’muxw
Ecology, & Distribution:
This is the only native blackberry species
in British Columbia. It is a low, trailing plant with deciduous leaves
and white to pink flowers that produce the small blackberry fruits.
It is common in disturbed sites and dry, open forests from low to middle
elevations throughout the southern two-thirds of Vancouver Island and
the southern coast of the province.
Upriver Halkomelem Cultural
The fruits were eaten fresh. The leaves
were used for a medicinal tea for stomach ache and the roots were used
for a medicinal tea for diarrhea.
The fruits were eaten fresh and dried.
Island Halkomelem Cultural
The fruits are edible and the leaves,
after they have turned reddish, may be used to make a tea. This plant
grows abundantly where fires have occurred.