English Name(s): red alder
Local English Name(s) (if different from above): alder
Scientific Name(s): Alnus rcubra Bong.
Upriver Halkomelem Name(s): xhuyth’ulhp
Downriver Halkomelem Name(s): kw’uxhwsi:lhp
Island Halkomelem Name(s): kwulala’ulhp
Ecology, & Distribution:
Red alder is a deciduous tree that can reach 25 m (82 ft) in height.
It has thin, smooth, grey bark that often appears to be splotchy due
to the presence of lichen colonies. The wood and inner bark turn red
when cut. The fruits are born in small, woody cone-like structures that
superficially resemble pine cones. Red alder grows in moist and recently
cleared areas at low elevations. It is widely distributed along the
Upriver Halkomelem Cultural
The bark was used to dye bitter cherry bark black. The wood was used
to smoke fish and for making spoons and dishes.
The bark was used as a medicine for the lungs and for "drying up the
Island Halkomelem Cultural
Red alder bark may be boiled to yield a dye or to be used as medicine.
The wood may be used for smoking fish.