Fall 2022 - EASC 304 D100

Hydrogeology (3)

Class Number: 1911

Delivery Method: In Person


  • Course Times + Location:

    Tu 12:30 PM – 2:20 PM
    WMC 3253, Burnaby

  • Exam Times + Location:

    Dec 15, 2022
    3:30 PM – 6:30 PM
    WMC 3210, Burnaby

  • Instructor:

    Gwenn Flowers
    1 778 782-6638
    Office: TASC 1 Room 7237
  • Prerequisites:

    EASC 101 and PHYS 102 or 121 or 126 or 141; and 12 additional units in earth sciences, physical geography or environmental science. All with a grade of C- or better.



An introduction to the basic concepts and principles governing the flow of groundwater in the subsurface environment. These are used to develop an understanding of aquifers and their physical properties, groundwater sustainability and management, and interaction of groundwater with surface water. In addition, as a foundation course in fluids in geologic media, this course has relevance to the oil and gas and mining industries, as well as to engineering applications such as dewatering. Quantitative.



This is an introductory course in physical hydrogeology. As a foundation course in fluids in geological media, this course has relevance to the oil and gas and mining industries as well as to environmental and engineering applications. The objective of the course is to introduce the basic concepts and principles governing the flow of water in the subsurface environment (i.e. groundwater), and to use these to develop an understanding of aquifers or oil reservoirs and their physical properties. The course forms the basis for environmental courses EASC 315, EASC 405, EASC 410 and EASC 416, which introduce respectively groundwater chemistry, impacts of climate and environmental change on water cycles and resources, groundwater contamination and transport, and field methods in hydrogeology. The course is also required for EASC 420 (Petroleum Geology).

Course Topics:

1. Water and the Hydrologic Cycle  
2. Principles of Groundwater Flow  
3. Properties of Aquifers        
4. Geology of Groundwater Occurrence  
5. Groundwater Flow to Wells
6. Regional Groundwater Flow
7. Recharge and Interaction with Surface Water
8. Groundwater as a Resource
9. Groundwater and Geologic Processes and Field Methods
10. Groundwater Modeling 

Course Organization:
1 two-hour lecture and 1 three-hour laboratory. The assignments are based on the theory component of the course, and these will be distributed during lab time. There is also a laboratory project that will be distributed and worked on during lab time over the course of several weeks.


Students successfully completing this course will be able to:

  • Demonstrate an understanding of the basic principles of subsurface fluid flow, encompassing measurement of hydraulic head, hydraulic gradients, and the hydraulic properties of the subsurface to quantify fluid pathways and rates of movement in the subsurface.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the controls on fluid movement at different spatial and temporal scales, encompassing natural flow and flow that may be altered, for example, due to pumping, interaction with surface water, and interactions at the near surface (infiltration).
  • Employ scientifically-based approaches to analyze and interpret data (geological, geophysical, hydrological and hydrogeological) and critically evaluate the scientific findings.
  • Write a comprehensive report, in the form of a consulting report, which describes and synthesizes data and scientific findings.
Develop transferrable skills in spreadsheet calculations and graphing, time management, and organization of a long document.


  • Quizzes and Microteaching 5%
  • Laboratory Assignments 25%
  • Laboratory Project 20%
  • Midterm Exam 15%
  • Final Exam 35%



“Applied Hydrogeology”; Fetter, C.W.; 2018, 5th Edition; Waveland Press, Inc.,m 598 pp.

The eBook edition will still be available https://sfu-store.vitalsource.com/products/applied-hydrogeology-c-w-fetter-david-kreamer-v9781478648000?term=9781478646525.

ISBN: 9781478646525

“Groundwater” by R.A. Freeze and J.A. Cherry (free on line) http://hydrogeologistswithoutborders.org/wordpress/textbook-project/


Your personalized Course Material list, including digital and physical textbooks, are available through the SFU Bookstore website by simply entering your Computing ID at: shop.sfu.ca/course-materials/my-personalized-course-materials.

Registrar Notes:


SFU’s Academic Integrity website http://www.sfu.ca/students/academicintegrity.html is filled with information on what is meant by academic dishonesty, where you can find resources to help with your studies and the consequences of cheating. Check out the site for more information and videos that help explain the issues in plain English.

Each student is responsible for his or her conduct as it affects the university community. Academic dishonesty, in whatever form, is ultimately destructive of the values of the university. Furthermore, it is unfair and discouraging to the majority of students who pursue their studies honestly. Scholarly integrity is required of all members of the university. http://www.sfu.ca/policies/gazette/student/s10-01.html