5H30.10 Cathode Ray Tube

Concepts

Electricity, force on moving charge, right hand rule

Overview

A beam of electrons is deflected by a magnet and/or charged plates.

Details

Equipment

  • [4] Banana cable
  • [1] Cathode ray tube (Crookes tube)
  • [1] Heathkit IP-32 power supply
  • (Optional) [1] Xantrex XT 60-1 power supply
  • [1] Bar magnet
  • [1] Power bar with long cord
  • [1] Camera (lecture hall document camera may work)

Classroom Assembly

  1. Dim lights in order to make the electron beam more visible.
  2. Wire up the heater and accelerator contacts (and also deflector contacts, if desired) on the tube to the power supply (or supplies).
  3. If possible, warm up the power supply by leaving it on standby for a few minutes.
  4. If using an external camera, position and focus it to see the tube end-on. Leave the camera on.
  5. Turn off automatic brightness adjustments on the camera, if applicable.

Important Notes

  • Do not exceed 300 V on the accelerating voltage from the Heathkit power supply.
  • A common error is to use the left-side knob on the Heathkit supply.

Script

  1. Project the camera view to the class.
  2. Dim the lights.
  3. Turn on Heathkit and (optional) Xantrex power supplies.
  4. Turn up voltage using the right-side knob on the Heathkit supply.
  5. Deflect electrons using magnet.
  6. (Optional) Deflect electrons with the deflector plates by turning up the Xantrex supply.
  7. When done, turn down all voltages.
  8. Turn off the power supplies.

Additional Resources

References

Disclaimer

  • Don't attempt this at home!

Last revised

  • 2019

Technicals

  • The gas inside the tube is probably argon.
  • We should probably not exceed 100 V on the deflecting plates. The Xantrex power supply is only rated to 60 V, so it should be fine.
  • A more user-friendly power supply for this demo is available.
  • The supplier for the cathode ray tube (Crookes tube in the catalogue) was Nada Scientific.
  • The full-HD gooseneck camera works well with this demo.

Related AV

Related demos

  • Magnetic force on a current-carrying wire
  • CRT TV and magnets

 

If you have any questions about the demos or notes you would like to add to this page, contact Ricky Chu at ricky_chu AT sfu DOT ca.