5H40.XX Drinking Cup Loudspeaker

Concepts

Lorentz force

Overview

A drinking cup, a small coil, and a magnet are turned into a loudspeaker. Note: a video camera is necessary in large lecture halls to show the details of the construction.

Details

Equipment

  • [1] Waxed paper cup
  • [1] Small coil
  • [1] NdBFe magnet mounted on a rod
  • [1] Radio
  • [2] Banana plugs
  • [1] 3.5 mm plug adapter

Important Notes

  • The coil is easily destroyed, please handle the 'speaker' with care.
  • The magnet is very strong and can cause injury (by pinching, shattering, etc) if not handled with great care.
  • The speaker action depends on the radial component of the field from the magnet. In a conventional speaker the magnet would sit in a permeable cup.
  • A cup with a hole and a second coil are provided to allow demonstrating the construction of the speaker.

Script

  1. Turn on the radio and tune in to a radio station.
  2. Connect the banana plugs to the 3.5 mm adapter and the 3.5 mm adapter to the headphone jack of the radio.
  3. Move the magnet into the coil.
  4. Move the magnet in and out of the coil, noting the variation in sound intensity as the position varies.

 

Additional Resources

References

  • PIRA 5H40.XX
  • From the article "Drinking Cup Loudspeaker - A Surprise Demo" by Peter Heller, The Physics Teacher 35, 334 (Sept 1997).
  • Compare DaR W-425 Bite-a-Phone

Disclaimer

  • Don't attempt this at home!

Last revised

  • 2018

Technicals

  • The coil consists of approximately 50 turns of #32 wire, wound on masking tape. A AA battery was used as the form.
  • The hollow coil is epoxied into a hole in the base of the cup.
  • Banana plugs allow connecting the coil to the headphone jack of the radio/cassette player. Plug it in and move the 1/2 inch diameter Nd-B-Fe magnet (held on a steel rod for ease of handling) into the coil.

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If you have any questions about the demos or notes you would like to add to this page, contact Ricky Chu at ricky_chu AT sfu DOT ca.