Thesis Defense

Mathematical Modelling of Electrokinetic Phenomona in Soft Nanopores

Wednesday, 15 April 2020 09:30AM PDT
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Thesis Defense

Mpumelelo Matse
Department of Physics, SFU

Mathematical Modelling of Electrokinetic Phenomona in Soft Nanopores

Apr 15, 2020 at 9:30am in TBD

Synopsis

In and around porous systems with at least one characteristic dimension below 100 nm, solid/liquid interfaces play a key role in surface-charge-governed transport, separation processes and energy storage devices. Nanopores with well-defined geometry and chemical characteristics have emerged as valuable tools to unravel interactions between external and induced electric fields and the underlying transport, in the presence of embedded charges. In this thesis, theoretical and numerical investigations of electrokinetic effects in soft nanopores with uniformly distributed surface charges are carried out within continuum mean-field approximations. The aim is to provide a theoretical framework through which one can access a comprehensive understanding of the coupling between electrokinetic transport, double-layer charging and wall deformations in nanopores embedded in soft polymeric membranes.

In the first part of the thesis, numerical calculations using the coupled continuum mean-field equations are conducted to quantify ion and fluid transport in a finite, cylindrical and rigid nanopore connected to cylindrical electrolytic reservoirs. Results of these calculations, verified by experiments, serve as a guideline for theoretical investigations in later components of the thesis. Subsequently, the transport of protons and water in a long, negatively charged channel is studied from a theoretical point of view.  A theoretical model is developed that describes nonlinear coupling between wall deformation and water and proton flows in a charged, deformable nanopore whose viscoelasticity is governed by the linear Kelvin-Voigt model.  In addition to focusing on transport phenomena in an open nanochannel, we then direct our attention to the equilibrium structure of the electric double layers. This is achieved by considering a physical situation where the charged pore is finite and sealed at both ends by nanoelectrodes under external voltage bias. Sized-modified mean-field equations are used to account for finite ion sizes, subject to a self-consistent electroneutrality condition which demands that the net amount of charge on both electrode surfaces balances. Equilibrium ion distributions and differential capacitance curves are presented and analyzed. Motivated by electroactuators, the last part of the thesis adds deformations of the pore walls to the closed-channel system modelling.

Keywords: Electrokinetic phenomena; Poisson-Boltzmann; Nernst-Planck; Electroosmosis; Streaming potential; Electric double layer; Electroactuator