Grappling refers to techniques, manoeuvres, and counters applied to an opponent in order to gain a physical advantage, such as improving their relative position or to escaping, submitting or injuring them, through the application of various grappling techniques and the counters to these.

Grappling is a general term that covers techniques used in many disciplines, styles and martial arts that are practised both as combat sports and for self defence. These include Judo, Brazillian Jujitsu, Sambo, Wrestling and Catch-Wreslting.