The Zero Waste Philosophy
Zero waste is a guiding principle for moving from a one-way, resources-to-waste, economy to a closed-loop, cradle-to-cradle economy. Essentially, the concept of waste is eliminated by keeping resources in circulation.
Instead, ‘waste’ is seen as a potential resource through redesigning products and packaging, reducing and reusing as much as possible, recovering energy from waste streams where appropriate, and constantly striving to put resources to their highest best use. Practically speaking, zero waste can be expressed as a long-term goal to reduce garbage to landfills or incinerators by 90%.
-City of Vancouver, 2010; Zero Waste Alliance, 2003