signals in a digital system exceed the Nyquist frequency (i.e.
half the sampling rate of the system) then the signal
is said to “foldover”
or reappear at a new frequency which is equal to the signal minus the difference
between it and the sampling rate.
for example if one tries to generate a 13,000 Hz. signal when the sampling rate is 11,000 HZ then the signal will be folded over to 9,000 HZ. (11,000 - 2,000)