The structure of Winter and Summer is based on the
tilting of the earth as it journeys between the seasons.
The camera faces south across a tidal estuary. Most of the picture
surface is comprised of sky and water. From the foreground to
the middle distance, numerous small boats swing to and fro on
The film is in two parts of equal length, and each part consists
of a time lapse record of one complete day. In the first part,
a day in midwinter, one frame was taken every ten seconds from
first light until nightfall. In the second part, a summer day
having exactly twice as many hours between sunrise and sunset
as the winter day, one frame was taken every twenty seconds.
When projected at 24 fps, the Winter day appears to be the same
length as the summer day, since both sections of the film contain
the same number of frames. However, in order to achieve this
effect, the summer day is in fact being seen at double the speed
of the Winter day.
Rather than being arbitrary, the filming speed is controlled
by the same natural phenomena seen within the frame, where the
changing seasons effect the light, colour of foliage, and the
absence/presence of people.
with assistance from the Arts Council of Great Britain.