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Marian Krawczyk, PhD Thesis Defence, Sociology & Anthropology
9:30 AM - 12:30 PM
July 6, 2015A PhD Candidate in Sociology, Marian Krawczyk will be defending her thesis: Negotiated Practices: Understanding Hospitalized Palliative Care as an Affective Economy on Monday July 6, 2015 at 9:30 a.m. in LIB 2020 (Library Thesis Defence Room), Burnaby Campus. Abstract This dissertation is an exploration of contemporary hospital-based palliative care, grounded through ethnographic research in two large hospitals in Western Canada. My objective was to explore how the concept of an “affective economy” contributes to understanding the ways in which the dying process is currently negotiated in these spaces. Through extending existing scholarship on discourse, emotional labour, affect, affective economies, and literature on institutionalized end of life care as a form of social governance, I define an affective economy of hospitalized palliative care as a discursive formation, understood and explained through its emotional labour practices, that attempts to organize the dying process in order to facilitate a good death. Primary attention is given to three aspects of clinicians’ emotional labour practices: therapeutic relationship building, addressing total pain, and offering of the dying role. Through interviews, fieldnotes, and case studies, I trace how these are relational practices of knowledge and power that circulate and privilege clinicians’ understandings of the emergent physical states of the patient, along with clinicians’ cultural authority to define the appropriate emotional orientations to these understandings. I also explore how these orientations are negotiated, validated and/or contested through the rights and obligations generated through the emotional labour participation of all involved parties. I propose that, within an affective economy framing, hospitalized palliative care is best understood as constituted by two, not always complementary, discourses. These discourses both construct and reflect tensions within care provision, including: the evolution and mainstreaming of care, the requirement for rapid patient transitions, the rise of business modeling, and increased patient and family member involvement in clinical care decisions. This research contributes to the study of dying in three key ways. First, no one has yet conceptualized hospitalized palliative care as an affective economy. In doing so, the specific moments and networks of relations that constitute this form of care are understandable as a cultural system that attempts to make human capacities productive, even at the very end of life. Secondly, I am able to forward an understanding that clinicians’ privileged position is one that often occurs within active and sustained negotiations, where emotional orientations to dying process are generated, validated and/or contested within the perceived rights and obligations of all involved parties. Third, this framing encourages an understanding of hospitalized palliative care in contemporary Canadian hospitals as necessarily fluid and ambivalent, defined as much by negotiation and disjuncture as by mutuality and cooperation. Examining Committee: Chair: Dr. Wendy Chan, Professor Senior Supervisor: Dr. Jane Pulkingham, Professor, Sociology & Anthropology Supervisor: Dr. Dara Culhane, Professor, Sociology & Anthropology Internal/External Examiner: Dr. Sharon Koehn, Professor, Gerontology External Examiner: Dr. Kelli Stajduhar, Professor, School of Nursing, University of Victoria
Mohammad Mehdi Naserimojarad, MASc Thesis Defense
10:00 AM - 12:00 PM
July 9, 2015MASc Thesis Defense - Mohammad Mehdi Naserimojarad When: Thursday, July 9th, 10am Where: Surrey Campus, Rm. 2750 Examining Committee: Dr. Mehrdad Moallem (Senior Supervisor), Dr. Siamak Arzanpour (Supervisor), Dr. Shahram Payandeh (Internal Examiner), Dr. Woo Soo Kim (Defense Chair) Abstract Innovative Design of Low-Power Light-Weight MagnetoRheological Dampers MagnetoRheological (MR) dampers are controllable shock absorption devices that are vastly used in vibration and motion control applications. MR dampers can provide an adjustable damping constant that can be used to generate controlled damping force for vibration and shocks control. In this research different methods of reducing the weight and power consumption of MR dampers are investigated. First, optimal design of MR dampers using a Genetic Algorithm is presented. Next design of novel magnetic circuits and damper mechanisms for reducing the weight and power consumption is investigated and a new low-power, low-weight mechanism is proposed. Experimental results for the proposed MR damper are further presented and compared with the results obtained from a conventional MR damper. Keywords: Magnetorheological Fluid, Magnetorheological Damper, Vibration Control, Smart Materials
Yanfang Le, MSc Thesis Defence, Computing Science
10:30 AM - 12:00 PM
July 10, 2015M.SC. THESIS DEFENCE Yanfang Le B.Eng., Zhejiang University, China, 2011 Friday, July 10 th , 2015 10:30 a.m. ASB 9896 Title DATACENTER-NETWORK-AWARE ONLINE LOAD BALANCING IN MAPREDUCE Abstract MapReduce has emerged as a powerful tool for processing of voluminous data. Different from earlier heuristics after seeing all the data, we address the skew with online fashion. We show that the optimal load balancing strategy is a constrained version of online minimum makespan and, in the MapReduce context where pairs with identical keys must be scheduled to the same machine, we propose an online algorithm with a 2-competitive ratio. We further suggest a sample-based enhancement, which achieves a 3/2-competitive ratio with a bounded error. We then find that the datacenter network could potentially lead to a poor overall performance even with a balanced workload. Earlier studies either assume the network inside a datacenter is of negligible delay and infinite capacity, or use a hop count as the network cost measurement. We consider the realistic bandwidth constraints and proposed an effective solution toward near optimal datacenter-network-aware load balancing. M.Sc. Examining Committee: Dr. Jiangchuan Liu, Senior Supervisor Dr. Funda Ergun, Supervisor Dr. Jian Pei, Supervisor Dr. Nick Sumner, Examiner Dr. Petra Berenbrink, Chair
External Award: Health Officers Council of British Columbia Bursaries July 03, 2015
The Health Officers Council of British Columbia is accepting applications for their bursary fund. The funds are managed by the Vancouver Foundation and the Bursary funds will be released to a successful applicant(s) annually on the recommendation of the Health Officers’ Council.
SFU International Engagement Fund July 03, 2015
SFU International Engagement Fund provides up to $10,000 per proposal to encourage the development of international initiatives aligned with the SFU International Engagement Strategy. Deadline for submission is October 1, 2014.