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  • Daehyeong (Hans) Hwang, MA Thesis Defence, Criminology
    10:00 AM - 12:00 PM
    February 2, 2015
    Senior Supervisor: Ray Corrado Thesis Title: Predicting Juvenile Recidivism in Korea: A Quantitative Assessment of Risk and Personality in a Comparative Perspective Abstract: Personality traits and environmental contextual factors are key components in explanations of juvenile offending. The current study examined the Personality Assessment Inventory-A (PAI-A) and the Risk Assessment Tool (RAT) across a sample of Korean young offenders. An associated aim was to examine scores of these tools’ measures, taking into consideration types of offence and types of stages they were at in the criminal justice system. The PAI-A and RAT scores (N = 207) were collected from the Juvenile Diversion Program (JDP) and Pre-sentence Investigation (PSI) in Seoul and in Kyeongi Province in Korea. The results revealed that RAT subjects scores of Family structure, School life, Delinquent career, and Personal factors were higher in the violent adolescent group and that Family structure, School life, Run-away, and Delinquent career were higher in violent adolescents in the PSI stage. This finding is significant in predicting recidivism risk and designing effective intervention. Keywords : Young offenders; Personality assessment; antisocial behaviour Location: Faculty Conference Room, SWH 10121
  • Rachel Elfenbein - PhD Thesis Defence - Sociology
    9:00 AM - 12:00 PM
    February 10, 2015
    Thesis Title: They Want Our Work, But Not Our Power: Popular Women, Unpaid Labor, And The Making Of The Bolivarian Revolution Chair: Dr. Wendy Chan Committee Members: Dr. Hannah Wittman(Senior Supervisor) Dr. Jane Pulkingham (Co-Supervisor) Dr. Alison Ayers(Supervisor) Dr. Elisabeth Friedman (Supervisor) Internal Examiner: Dr. Kathleen Millar External Examiner: Dr. Maxine Molyneux (University of College London) Abstract The Bolivarian revolution in Venezuela constitutes part of a larger trend in Latin America of institutional restructuring that aims to expand social, political and economic inclusion through increasing popular participation. This dissertation sheds light on the gendered implications of attempts to construct post-neoliberal state-society relations and corresponding practices of popular power. It does so by analyzing the dialectical relations between popular sector women and the Bolivarian state based on the role of women’s unpaid labor in the revolution during Hugo Chávez’s presidency. This study addresses the questions of for whom and for what ends their labor was deployed and discursively invoked. It also assesses the consequences of these dialectical relations for popular sector women, their power, and the gendered division of labor in Venezuela. These questions are answered through an extended case study developed from interviews and participant observation at multiple social, political, and geographic levels with popular sector women both organized and not organized by the state; feminist analysts, organizations, and networks; and state women’s leaders and institutions. In reshaping the state and state-society relations and reframing the narrative of the state from the standpoint of the subaltern, which it recognized as internally differentiated, the Chavista regime interpellated popular sector women as central participants and protagonists in the Bolivarian process. The Bolivarian state created new gender institutions. Popular women’s organizations and articulations with the state proliferated. In 1999, Venezuela decided to recognize the socio-economic value of unpaid housework and entitle homemakers to social security in Article 88 of its new constitution. This gendered political opening in the Bolivarian process generated new opportunities for women’s organizing. Women’s rights activists used Article 88 to legitimate their struggles for the expansion of labor-based social protection. The Bolivarian state also instituted a number of new public programs that recognized women’s unpaid reproductive labor and in some instances lightened and/or socialized their reproductive burdens. Yet this visibility simultaneously rendered popular women’s unpaid labor and social and political organizing vulnerable to appropriation by the state. Popular women were uniquely vulnerable to state direction and manipulation of their organization because of their positioning in the gendered division of labor. The state incorporated them through its practices and institutions by drawing on the extant hegemonic gender role of women as mothers and reconfigured it in service of the revolution. Popular women’s unpaid labor, in turn, rolled out many new Bolivarian social programs and filled in the gaps when these programs did not reach portions of the popular sectors. The state expected them to be both mobilized and contained for what it saw as the broader interests of the revolution. This utilization and discursive invocation of popular sector women’s unpaid labor did not necessarily serve to transform gender power relations. In spite of many years of women’s organizing, Article 88 remained to be legislated in such a way that all popular homemakers in Venezuela were able to access social security benefits. Where popular women waited for new laws and public goods and services to reach them, state practices upheld extant gender divisions. In the absence of systemic transformation of care policies and practices, popular women’s social and political work in service of the revolution added to their work burdens. Popular women, their unpaid labor, and discourses about them were central to building and sustaining the Bolivarian state, yet many popular women remained socially, economically, and politically vulnerable.
  • Geoffrey Tien, PhD Defence, Comp Sci
    2:30 PM - 4:30 PM
    February 17, 2015
    Ph.D. Thesis Defence   GEOFFREY TIEN   B.Sc., The University of British Columbia, Dept. of Computer Science, 2005 M.Sc., Simon Fraser University, School of Computing Science, 2009   Tuesday February 17th, 2015 2:30 p.m. TASC1 9204 West     TOWARDS UNDERSTANDING EXPERT EYE BEHAVIORS IN LAPAROSCOPIC SURGERY   Laparoscopic surgery is a visually-guided manual task requiring mastery of non-intuitive motor mapping and detailed procedural knowledge for decision-making. Earlier research studies with unfamiliar motor tasks have shown novices make distinct changes in gaze behavior as the necessary manual skills are acquired. Although the basic manual skills are used repeatedly, successful completion of a specific task instance is still dependent on execution of a well-informed motor plan based on internalized visual information. While other researchers have been able to use eye metrics to quantify expertise for some tasks, we have conducted various additional studies exploring different eye movement patterns as well as a combination of eye and manual parameters for identifying differences between expert and novice eye-hand coordination patterns. Still, expertise is consistently correlated with a clear difference in task completion time. This research covers a series of eye tracking studies conducted in laparoscopic training environments and in the real operating rom. Subsequent analyses prompted efforts to improve data quality and led to development of an instantaneous measure combining eye tracking and manual movement data, to describe expert and novice eye-hand coordination behavior. This knowledge suggests the possibility of applying training protocols in the future to directly manipulate the development of eye-hand coordination in surgical trainees for rapidly improving task performance.       Ph.D. Examining Committee: Dr. M. Stella Atkins, Senior Supervisor Dr. Arthur Kirkpatrick, Supervisor Dr. Bin Zheng, Supervisor Dr. Lyn Bartam, Internal Examiner Dr. Andrew T. Duchowski, External Examiner Dr. Ze-Nian Li, Chair
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